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To produce structures that are functional as well as models of architectural beauty, designers must apply principles of mathematics in their work. Scale drawings, commonly known as plans, are used as patterns in the construction of buildings. Proper ratios and proportions relate each feature of a building with every other one and with the whole structure to obtain a pleasing appearance.
In this unit of study we will try to improve the students’ understanding and appreciation of basic mathematical principles used in architecture. The unit will discuss in detail the concepts of measurement, scale drawing, ratio, proportion, and symmetry.
There are several basic objectives for this unit of study. Upon completion of the unit, the student will be able to:
—use a ruler easily and accurately to determine measurements. —construct and interpret scale drawings. —understand the principles of ratio, proportion, and symmetry. —apply these principles in the solution of problems.
(Recommended for Arithmetic classes, grades 7 and 8; Algebra 1 or 2 classes, grades 9 and 11; Geometry classes, grade 10; and Applied Mathematics classes, grade 9)
Teaching Mathematics Architecture