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YALE AIDS WATCH
P.O. Box 207236
Yale Station
New Haven, CT
06520
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North America
AIDS' Effect on North America's Population

United States:
At the end of the December 2002, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported approximately 384, 906 persons in the United States living with AIDS:
  • 46% were in whites,
  • 34% in blacks,
  • 18% in Hispanics,
  • <1% in Asians and Pacific Islanders,
  • <1% in American Indians and Alaska Natives;
Of the 298,248 men (of 13 years or older) who were living with AIDS:
  • 57% were men who had sex with men (MSM),
  • 23% were intravenous drug users (IDU)
  • 10% were exposed through heterosexual contact
  • 8% were both MSM and IDU
Of the 82,764 adult and adolescent women with AIDS:
  • 61% were exposed through heterosexual contact
  • 36% were exposed through intravenous drug use
  • 3893 children were living with AIDS.
The proportion of women with AIDS has increased steadily, and the proportion infected heterosexually has also increased, surpassing the proportion infected through injecting drug use. During 2002, 162 pediatric AIDS cases were reported; of these, 88% were acquired prenatally. The number of estimated pediatric AIDS cases diagnosed each year has declined since 1992. The decline in pediatric AIDS incidence is associated with the implementation of Public Health Service guidelines. The guidelines include universal counseling and voluntary HIV testing of pregnant women and the use of zidovudine by HIV-infected pregnant women and their newborn infants.

Sources: http://www.avert.org/statsum.htm and http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/dhap.htm

Canada:
It has been estimated that at the end of 2002 there were approximately 56,000 people in Canada living with HIV (including those living with AIDS). Furthermore, of the 56,000, an estimated 17,000 were living with HIV but were unaware that they were infected. There have been 53,887 positive tests reported to CIDPC (Centre for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control) since HIV testing began in Canada in November 1985. In 2002, there were 2,499 positive tests reported. On an annual basis, the proportion of women increased from 12 % in the period between 1985 and 1997 to 25% in 2001. The proportion of positive HIV test reports among injecting drug users decreased from 28.7% in 1998 to 17.5% in the first half of 2003. The amount of positive HIV test results among men who have sex with men decreased from 68% in the period between 1985 and 1997 to 36% in 2001 - but had risen to 43.5% in the first six months of 2003.

Sources: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/english and http://www.avert.org/canstatg.htm