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Australia and New Zealand
AIDS' Effect on the Population of Australia and New Zealand

According to the Australian National Council on AIDS, Hepatitis C, and Related Diseases (ANCHARD), the increasing rate of HIV/AIDS transmission in Australia is attributed to “risky” behavior in the sexually active homosexual community. ANCHARD reports that a vast majority of the AIDS cases are sexually transmitted through men having sex with men (MSM). In Australia, most territories have a council on AIDS that attempts to educate its citizens on safe sex and AIDS in general through different campaign strategies. At the end of 2000, the cumulative number of HIV infections that had been diagnosed in Australia was estimated to have been 18,147, with an estimated 12,440 people living with HIV infection. Assuming that the overall benefit of antiretroviral treatment in slowing progression to AIDS remains at the 2000 level, AIDS incidence is predicted to remain steady at around 255 cases per year until 2004.

Source: http://www.ancahrd.org/

AIDS New Zealand of The New Zealand Ministry of Health reported that in the first half of 2003, there were 16 notifications of AIDS (14 males and 2 females) and 87 people (69 males and 18 females) were found to be infected with HIV in New Zealand. Of the 16 new cases, To the end of June 2003, a total of 788 people (731 males and 57 females) have been notified with AIDS, seven of the men were reported infected through sex with another man, 4 through heterosexual contact, and the means of the other 3 was not known. One female was infected heterosexually, and the other was a child infected prenatal overseas. and 1974 people (1677 males, 279 females, and 18 sex not stated) have been found to be infected with HIV. This total includes 241 persons whose infections were reported through viral load testing. Of those 788 notified with AIDS since the end of 2003, 597 (76%) were European, 86 (11%) Maori, 22 (3%) Pacific Island, 76 (10%) of "other" ethnicity and for 7 (1%) information on their ethnicity was not provided.

Source: http://www.moh.govt.nz/aids.html