gamelan - A Javanese/Indonesian word for ensemble. The word "gamel" means to hammer something. A Central Javanese gamelan consists primarily of bronze instruments - horizontal and vertical gongs and metallophones - but also includes several stringed instruments, flutes, drums, and voices in performance. Gamelan orchestras are the traditional accompaniment to wayang shows, dances, feasts and ceremonies of Java, Indonesia. Gamelan music consists of smooth, "impressionistic" tone clusters and intensely complex intertwining rhythms and textures.
wayang - Javanese wayang kulit or wayang purwa - a dramatic form involving puppetry - derived from a Javanese Hindu-Buddhist tradition, where hand-crafted leather puppets are used to depict epic stories of the gods in shadow play.
dhalang The wayang puppeteer - in performance, employs the combined arts of puppet movement, dialogue, songs and commentary.
klenengan - Javanese gamelan music, played in soft and contemplative style, used for listening entertainment rather than for the accompaniment of a dramatic theatrical event.