Initial Issues on the Foreign Policy of the Nguyen Dynasty"
Dr. Tran Duc Anh Son, Vice
Director of the Socio-Economic Research & Development of Dà
Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945) was the last imperial dynasty of Vietnam. This
dynasty has left countless significant historical, social and cultural
legacies in Vietnam. However, research in this period in the Vietnamese
history has been limited, esp. its foreign policy.
Thanks to my current position and my previous work with the Center for
Preservation of Imperial Kingdom of Hue from 1998 to 2008, I have a great
access to the records, artifacts and physical offices within the royal
palaces related to the diplomatic activities of the Nguyen Dynasty whichallow
me to present these initial results of my research to the US colleagues
My presentation will cover 4 major areas:
1. The internal socio-political background and the regional Asian relations
which help to formulate the Nguyen's foreign policy.
I will analyze the influence and their impacts of the internal socio-political
conditions between the XVIIIth and the XXth Centuries over the Dynasty's
foreign policy. At the same time, I would like to analyze the geo-political
position of Vietnam in relations to other countries in the region which
forms the backbone of its foreign policies and causes for their reformulations
in response to certain external impetus.
2. The dominant principles of foreign policies of the Nguyen Dynasty.
I will analyze the relations of the Nguyen Dynasty with China, Japan and
Korea and other Southeast Asian countries, and especially with western
countries. Specifically, I will discuss the new contextual changes which
forced Emperors Minh Mang, Thieu Tre and Tu Duc to change their policies
with an aim to improve the relations with western countries and reasons
for their failures.
3. Diplomatic activities of the Nguyen Dynasty.
I will present some concrete diplomatic activities under the Nguyen Dynasty,
such as sending ambassadors and envoys overseas, the assumption of trade
activities of the diplomatic delegations beyond their official duties
4. Initial assessment of the foreign policies and diplomatic activities
of the Nguyen Dynasty, including successes and failures of specific changes
in foreign policies of the Nguyen Dynasty, esp. during the XIXth Century,
and their consequences.
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