This timeline lists just some of the major events
affecting the religious history of the American West. For a more
detailed timeline of U.S. religious history generally, consult
Religions Timeline Project, created by graduate students at
the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Duke University.
|August 6, 1801
||A large camp meeting in Cane Ridge,
Kentucky, marked the beginning of the "Great Religious
Revival of the American West."
|March 26, 1830
||Joseph Smith published The
Book of Mormon.
|May 26, 1830
||Indian Removal Act resulted in
in the forced removal of several native groups in the eastern
U.S. from their sacred lands to lands west of the Mississippi.
|June 27, 1844
||Joseph Smith, leader of Mormonism,
was lynched by a mob in Carthage, Illinois.
||New York newspaper editor John
O'Sullivan coined the phrase “Manifest Destiny” to describe
the European-American drive to move westward, assuming that
divine providence had willed them that land.
|July 22, 1847
|| The first group of Mormon immigrants
entered the Salt Lake Valley and founded Salt Lake City, Utah.
|September 25, 1890
|| The Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) publicly renounced the practice
|December 29, 1890
|| U.S. soldiers killed around 200
Sioux in the Massacre at Wounded Knee, in South Dakota.
|December 27, 1899
|| Champion of the temperance movement,
Carrie Nation, helped demolish her first saloon in Medicine
|April 13, 1906
|| William J. Seymour led the Azusa
Street Revival in Los Angeles. This was a key event in the
rise of Pentecostalism.
|January 1, 1923
|| Aimee Semple McPherson founded
the International Church of the Foursquare Gospel, a Pentecostal
denomination centered in Los Angeles.
|June 10, 1935
|| Founding of Alcoholics Anonymous
in Akron, Ohio.
|May 9, 1939
|| The Roman Catholic Church beatified
the first Native American, Kateri Tekakwitha.
|June 8, 1978
|| LDS Church officially terminated
a policy of denying African Americans priesthood ordination
and other rituals.
|November 30, 1987
|| In Lyng v. Northwest Indian
CPA, the U.S. Supreme Court allowed a road to be constructed
through American Indian sacred land.
|April 19, 1993
|| Fire at the Branch Davidian complex,
begun during a standoff between ATF and Davidians, led to
the deaths of 86 believers, including movement leader David
|March 23, 1997
|| Thirty-nine members
of the small movement Heaven's Gate committed mass suicide
in Rancho Santa Fe, California, over the course of three days.