Yale University.Calendar.Directories.

Program Requirements

General Requirements

A normal term load for Master of Music and Master of Musical Arts candidates is 18 credit hours per term; a total of 72 is required for graduation. Students who already hold a Master of Music degree from Yale, and who are admitted to the M.M.A. program in the third term of their M.M. studies, complete 36 credits for the Master of Musical Arts and must do so in one year; those who are admitted in their last term of M.M. studies at Yale complete 72 credits for the M.M.A and must do so in two years. Sixteen credit hours is the minimum enrollment required for full-time M.M. and M.M.A. candidates. Certificate students must register for 16 credit hours per term for each of six terms for a total of 96 credits. For the Artist Diploma, 14 credit hours are required per term, with a total of 56 required for graduation. Students who already hold a Master of Music degree from Yale complete 28 credits for the Artist Diploma and must do so in one year. The work of all students is given periodic review, and appropriate suggestions for improvement or changes are made.

Proficiencies and Required Courses

All students entering the School of Music take placement examinations in musicianship/analysis and music history. On the basis of these examinations, each student plans a program of studies in consultation with an academic adviser. Students may be required to enroll in sections of Hearing and Analysis (MUS 500, 501, 502, 503) during their first year. They may also be required to enroll in sections of the Music History Survey (MUS 510, 511, 512, 513) or an appropriate elective as determined by the placement examination. M.M. and A.D. candidates may be required to take one or two sections of the Music History Survey; Certificate candidates are required to take all four unless exempt on the basis of the placement exam. Students may also be required, on the basis of the same placement examinations or their admission materials, to enroll in MUS 521, Fundamentals of English Writing and Speaking.

All students must complete a total of four nonperformance (NP) courses. Master of Music and Certificate students must have at least one nonperformance class from each of distribution groups A, B, and C. Yale University courses outside the School of Music and the Department of Music qualify for 4 nonperformance credit hours per term under group C. Required Hearing and Analysis, Music History, and Fundamentals of English courses qualify under their appropriate groups as indicated in this bulletin.

All students must pass the keyboard proficiency. Requirements vary among departments and are available from the registrar on request. A reading knowledge of a foreign language, e.g., French, German, Italian, or Spanish, is required of all students in the Master of Music and Master of Musical Arts degree programs, as well as for Certificate students who plan to convert their Certificate in the future. If the student is deficient in language preparation, work must begin during the first year and continue until the required proficiency is established by examination. Language examinations are given periodically throughout the academic year. Students for whom English is a second language may be exempt from the foreign language proficiency with written permission.

MUS 519, 619, 719, Colloquium, is required each term of all ISM students. Individual departments may also require students to take specific courses as outlined below.

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Requirements for Performance Majors

The degree program in performance is designed for the student seeking a professional career as an instrumentalist, vocalist, or conductor. The curriculum has been designed to provide training in areas essential to the broadening and strengthening of students’ skills required to meet the exacting standards of today’s profession. Performance majors are offered in piano, organ, harpsichord, violin, viola, violoncello, double bass, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, trombone, tuba, percussion, harp, guitar, and voice, as well as in orchestral and choral conducting.

Admission is dependent upon the applicant’s performance abilities, and candidates are admitted on the basis of screening recordings and a live audition.

Each student is assigned a principal teacher in his or her area of specialization, receives individual instruction in the major, and participates in required seminars and master classes given by the major department. Seminars may also encompass off-campus field trips and fieldwork as assigned by the instructors.

All students except orchestral conductors present a juried public degree recital in the final year of study; certain departments require an additional recital during the first year of residence. Orchestral conductors participate in the Conducting Fellows’ Recital each year. Participation in chamber music is required of instrumental majors (except organ) in each term of enrollment. In addition to continuous participation in chamber ensembles, students are assigned to New Music New Haven. String, wind, harp, and percussion students perform in the Philharmonia, as assigned. All singers participate in Opera Workshop or Schola Cantorum and take classes in Vocal Repertoire, Opera Workshop, Body Movement, Acting, Performance Practice, and Diction as indicated below.

Master of Music

Special Requirements

All students present a public degree recital in the final year of study; certain departments require a recital in each year of residence. All students must complete four nonperformance electives at the rate of one per term.

Course Requirements
Orchestral Instruments
  • Philharmonia/New Music New Haven

8

  • Chamber Music

8

  • Seminar in the Major

8

  • Individual Instruction

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

24

Total

72

Piano
  • Chamber Music

8

  • Collaborative Piano: Instrumental

2

  • Collaborative Piano: Vocal

2

  • Seminar

16

  • Individual Instruction

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

20

Total

72

Choral Conducting
  • Camerata

8

  • Repertory Chorus

8

  • Recital Chorus

4

  • Secondary Voice

4

  • Seminar in the Major

8

  • Individual Instruction

16

  • ‡Colloquium (ISM only)

4

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

12

Total

72

Guitar
  • Chamber Music/New Music New Haven

8

  • Seminar in the Major

8

  • Individual Instruction

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

32

  • Total

72

Orchestral Conducting
  • Score Reading/Analysis

16

  • Seminar in the Major

8

  • Individual Instruction

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

Electives

24

Total

72

Voice (Opera)

Vocal Repertoire

8

Movement

4

Acting

4

Lyric Diction

8

Opera Workshop

12

Art Song Coaching

4

Seminar in the Major

8

Individual Instruction

16

*Music History

4

minimum

†Hearing

4

minimum

Electives

12

Total

84

Voice (Early Music, Oratorio, and  Chamber Ensemble)

Vocal Repertoire

4

Early Music Repertoire

2

Acting

2

Lyric Diction

8

Art Song Coaching

4

Performance Practice for Singers

3

Schola Cantorum

4

Vocal Chamber Music

2

Colloquium

4

Seminar in the Major

8

Individual Instruction

16

*Music History

4

minimum

†Hearing

4

minimum

Electives

12

Total

77

Organ

Seminar in the Major

8

Individual Instruction

16

‡Colloquium (ISM students only)

4

*Music History

4

minimum

†Hearing

4

minimum

Electives

36

Total

72

*Unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination. †Students are normally required to complete 4 credits of Hearing and Analysis (502 or 503) or two terms of 500 or 501 unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination. ‡School of Music students replace the colloquium with an elective.

Master of Musical Arts

Special Requirements

All students present a public degree recital during each year of residence in the program, complete a master’s research project culminating in a scholarly paper, and take comprehensive oral and written examinations. The number of electives varies according to the requirements of the departments. Some M.M.A. students may be required by their departments to enroll in specific classes.

Course Requirements

internal candidates

external candidates

Individual Instruction

8

16

M.M.A. Seminar

12

16

Chamber Music (where applicable)

4

8

Philharmonia (where applicable)

4

8

Instrumental Seminar (where applicable)

8

Electives

8

16

Total

36

72

Doctor of Musical Arts

Special Requirements

All students pursue a professional career giving evidence of distinguished professional achievement in the candidate’s field and confirm that evidence by a professional recital and comprehensive oral examination at Yale.

In the 2013–2014 academic year, the D.M.A. degree will be conferred only on qualified holders of the M.M.A. degree from Yale. For D.M.A. requirements in future years, please refer to the description of the D.M.A. degree program in the chapter Degrees.

Artist Diploma

Special Requirements

All students present a public degree recital, one major ensemble performance, and one performance of a work composed for soloist and orchestra during each year of residence in the program. One-year internal candidates must complete two nonperformance electives at the rate of at least one per term. Two-year external candidates must complete four nonperformance electives at the rate of at least one per term.

Course Requirements

1-year internal candidates

2-year candidates

Orchestral Instruments
  • Philharmonia/New Music New Haven

4

8

  • Chamber Music

4

8

  • Seminar in the Major

4

8

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

8

8

____

____

  • Total

28

56

Piano
  • Chamber Music

4

8

  • Collaborative Piano: Instrumental

2

  • Collaborative Piano: Vocal

2

  • Seminar

16

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

16

8

____

____

  • Total

28

60

Choral Conducting
  • Camerata

4

8

  • Repertory Chorus

4

8

  • Recital Chorus

4

4

  • Secondary Voice

4

  • Seminar in the Major

4

8

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • ‡Colloquium (ISM only)

2

4

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

8

8

____

____

  • Total

34

68

Guitar
  • Chamber Music/New Music New Haven

4

8

  • Seminar in the Major

4

8

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

12

16

____

____

  • Total

28

56

Orchestral Conducting
  • Philharmonia/New Music New Haven

4

8

  • Score Reading/Analysis

8

16

  • Seminar in the Major

4

8

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

8

16

____

____

  • Total

32

72

Voice (Opera)
  • Vocal Repertoire

8

  • Movement

2

4

  • Acting

2

4

  • Lyric Diction

8

  • Opera Workshop

6

12

  • Art Song Coaching

2

4

  • Seminar in the Major

4

8

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

8

12

____

____

  • Total

32

84

Voice (Early Music, Oratorio,  and Chamber Ensemble)
  • Vocal Repertoire

4

  • Movement

2

  • Early Music Repertoire

2

  • Acting

1

2

  • Lyric Diction

8

  • Art Song Coaching

2

4

  • Performance Practice for Singers

3

  • Schola Cantorum

2

4

  • Vocal Chamber Music

1

2

  • Colloquium

2

4

  • Seminar in the Major

4

8

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

8

8

____

____

  • Total

28

75

Organ
  • ‡Colloquium (ISM students only)

2

4

  • Seminar in the Major

4

8

  • Individual Instruction

8

16

  • *Music History

4

minimum

  • †Hearing

4

minimum

  • Electives

14

20

____

____

  • Total

28

56

*Unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination. †Students are normally required to complete 4 credits of Hearing and Analysis (502 or 503) or two terms of 500 or 501 unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination. ‡School of Music students replace the colloquium with an elective.

Certificate in Performance

Special Requirements

All students present a public degree recital in the final year of study; certain departments require a recital in each year of residence. Certificate students who wish to retain the option to convert to an M.M. degree must complete all the requirements for the M.M. degree, including all proficiencies, while in residence, and the comprehensive review upon completion of the bachelor’s degree. All students must complete four nonperformance electives. All Certificate students must take the fall placement examinations in musicianship/analysis and music history (see M.M. degree) for placement in Hearing and Analysis (MUS 500, 501, 502, 503). Music History (MUS 510, 511, 512, 513) is required of all Certificate students unless exempt. Required courses from which a candidate is exempt on the basis of placement examinations must be replaced with electives. A minimum of 16 nonperformance credits is required to graduate—at least one each from distribution groups A, B, and C.

Course Requirements
Orchestral Instruments
  • Philharmonia/New Music New Haven
  • 12
  • Chamber Music
  • 12
  • Seminar in the Major
  • 12
  • Individual Instruction
  • 24
  • *Music History
  • 16
  • †Hearing
  • 8
  • Electives
  • 12
  • Total
  • 96
Piano
  • Chamber Music
  • 12
  • Collaborative Piano: Instrumental
  • 2
  • Collaborative Piano: Vocal
  • 2
  • Seminar
  • 24
  • Individual Instruction
  • 24
  • *Music History
  • 16
  • †Hearing
  • 8
  • Electives
  • 8
  • Total
  • 96
Guitar
  • Chamber Music/New Music New Haven
  • 12
  • Seminar in the Major
  • 12
  • Individual Instruction
  • 24
  • *Music History
  • 16
  • †Hearing
  • 8
  • Electives
  • 24
  • Total
  • 96

*Unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination. †Students are normally required to complete 4 credits of Hearing and Analysis (502 or 503) or two terms of 500 or 501 unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination.

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Requirements for Composition Majors

The degree program in composition is designed as preparation for professional work in composition and such related fields as teaching, arranging, scoring, music technology, or similar activities that require a high degree of professional competence in working with the materials of music.

Admission to this major is dependent primarily on demonstrated ability in composition. Applicants should submit scores and compact discs of at least three recent works, each written for a different group of instruments, voices, and/or electronic media. They should also be prepared for aural and written tests dealing with the essentials of comprehensive musicianship and the history of music.

Master of Music

Special Requirements

In the course of two years, each candidate must present, in public performances of his or her music, the equivalent of a full recital program.

Course Requirements

Tonal Analysis elective

4

Nontonal Analysis elective

4

Individual Instruction

16

Seminar in the Major

8

*Music History

4

minimum

†Hearing

4

minimum

Electives

32

____

Total

72

*Unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination. †Students are normally required to complete 4 credits of Hearing and Analysis (502 or 503) or two terms of 500 or 501 unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination.

Master of Musical Arts

Special Requirements

In the course of two years, each candidate must present, in public performances of his or her music, the equivalent of a full recital program. Candidates must also successfully complete a master’s research project consisting of a major musical composition and a scholarly paper, and pass comprehensive oral and written examinations. The number of electives varies according to the requirements of the departments. Some M.M.A. students may be required by their departments to enroll in specific classes.

Course Requirements

internal candidates

external candidates

Tonal Analysis elective

4

Nontonal Analysis elective

4

Individual Instruction

8

16

M.M.A. Seminar

12

16

Seminar in the Major

4

8

Electives

12

24

____

____

Total

36

72

Doctor of Musical Arts

All students pursue a professional career giving evidence of distinguished professional achievement in the candidate’s field and confirm that evidence with a professional recital and comprehensive oral examination at Yale.

In the 2013–2014 academic year, the D.M.A. degree will be conferred only on qualified holders of the M.M.A. degree from Yale. For D.M.A. requirements in future years, please refer to the description of the D.M.A. degree program in the chapter Degrees.

Artist Diploma

Course Requirements

1-year internal candidates

2-year candidates

Tonal Analysis elective

4

Nontonal Analysis elective

4

Seminar in the Major

4

8

Individual Instruction

8

16

*Music History

4

minimum

†Hearing

4

minimum

Electives

16

16

____

____

Total

28

56

*Unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination. †Students are normally required to complete 4 credits of Hearing and Analysis (502 or 503) or two terms of 500 or 501 unless exempt on the basis of a placement examination.

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