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Programs and Initiatives

British Studies Program

The British Studies Program hosts a postdoctoral fellow and supports an ongoing fortnightly colloquia series on British Historical Studies in which faculty, graduate students, undergraduates, and visiting lecturers informally present and discuss developing scholarship and emerging themes. This year’s activities will include an ambitious series of visiting speakers and exciting programs, as well as participation in the Mellon consortium conference in Chicago in October. In addition, on April 11–12, 2014, the program will host the conference Representation and the Scaffolding of the British Empire. Yale’s Mellon consortium colleagues from Berkeley, the University of Chicago, and the University of Texas at Austin will continue their collaborative activities.

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Program on Democracy

The Program on Democracy encourages work at the intersection of democratic theory and empirical research on democracy. It supports research in which answers to the question “How should democracy work?” are informed by answers to the question “How does democracy work?” Emphasis is placed on research on new democratic institutions in developing countries. Ongoing international collaborative research in the program addresses topics such as academic leadership and building research capabilities. Other projects include the development and diffusion of databases; a project on the policy relevance of clientelism, patronage, and vote buying; and a project on political identities.

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European Union Studies Program

The Yale Program in European Union Studies is devoted to furthering the knowledge of students, faculty, and other members of the Yale community about the European Union and European integration. Through a program of lectures, seminars, workshops, conferences, short-term visitors, and summer research grants, it seeks to promote greater knowledge about and understanding of the European Union—its past development, its current institutions and operations, and its future evolution. Particular attention is devoted to past, current, and future transatlantic relations between the United States and the European Union. In 2013–2014 the program will be focused on the ongoing Eurozone debt crisis and the efforts to create a fiscal and banking union, and on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Program negotiations between the United States and the European Union. The program also hosts a member of the European Commission as a visiting fellow each year. In 2013–2014 the Commission Visiting Fellow will be Bernhard Schima, a lawyer and a member of the Commission’s Legal Service. He has worked on agricultural and internal market issues and during his fellowship year will be studying the role of the European Union in securing the fundamental rights of its citizens.

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Fox International Fellowship Program

Begun as an exchange between Yale and Moscow State University in 1989, the Fox Fellowship Program has now reached its quarter century. Fox Fellowships are intended to identify and develop future leaders who will contribute to global policies and international relations. Some eighteen students—graduate and professional school students and graduating seniors—hailing from elite universities in Moscow, Berlin, Shanghai, Paris, Tokyo, Tel Aviv, Istanbul, Cape Town, Cambridge, Mexico City, São Paulo, and New Delhi come to Yale to do independent research each year, while a number of Yale students travel to the fellowship’s affiliated schools abroad.

The Fox Fellows are selected on the basis of academic achievement and demonstrated personal leadership and are expected to focus on fields with practical connections to promoting world peace, prosperity, and sustainability—including international relations; the social sciences; contemporary history, law, and medicine; management and business; environmental policy; and finance.

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Genocide Studies Program

The horrors of genocide need to be studied and understood in order that such atrocities can one day be eradicated. The Genocide Studies Program (GSP) seeks to put world-wide genocidal events into comparative context and to make them more comprehensible, in the hope that research will yield potential “markers,” or telltale signs, to enable the prevention of future disasters before they gain momentum.

Begun in 1998 as an expansion of Yale’s Cambodian Genocide Program, the GSP today conducts research, weekly seminars, and conferences on comparative, interdisciplinary, historical, and policy issues relating to the phenomenon of genocide; provides training to researchers from afflicted regions; and maintains a highly praised Web site and genocide database.

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Global Health Initiative

Announced in May 2009, the Yale Global Health Initiative (GHI) was the first major initiative of the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs at the MacMillan Center. Directed by Elizabeth Bradley, professor of public health, the Global Health Initiative is an interdisciplinary effort to improve the health of people around the globe through education and research.

The GHI defines global health as a field of study and practice focused on the health of human populations in a global context, transcending the perspectives and concerns of individual nations. The GHI has fostered exciting opportunities for students including new internships, educational programs, courses, and interest groups, as well as innovative faculty research in a wide range of areas of global health. The activities of the GHI are overseen by a Faculty Advisory Committee with members from a variety of departments and schools.

For students, the GHI fosters and provides coordination among outstanding educational offerings in global health across the University. It has directly or indirectly fostered the development of twenty-eight new courses at the graduate level in global health, and more than fifty classes at the undergraduate level, as well as continued support for the Global Health Fellows program for undergraduates. Certificates or concentrations in Global Health have been added in the Schools of Public Health, Medicine, and Nursing as well as the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. Additionally, the GHI provides funding for internships and fellowships through the GHI Field Experience Award and the GHI Yale Collaborative Action Project (Y-CAP), which are available to undergraduate and graduate students.

For faculty, the GHI strives to catalyze start-up efforts in interdisciplinary research. GHI also sponsors a Global Health Research in Progress Working Group to foster interdisciplinary collaborations in global health across campus. The GHI has also supported the growth of the Global Health Leadership Institute (GHLI), which seeks to develop leadership at Yale and around the world through innovative educational and research programs that strengthen health systems and ensure health equity and quality of care for all. GHLI provides opportunities for both faculty and students to engage with its active research and education programs in the Caribbean, China, Ethiopia, Ghana, Liberia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, the United Kingdom, and the United States. On campus, GHLI hosts an annual conference focused on developing country strategies to improve health systems. GHLI also launched a University-wide Global Health Speaker Series, a venue for Yale students and the community to learn from innovative leaders committed to global health; and it continues to support Strategic Thinking in Global Health, a course to prepare Yale students for leadership positions focused on improving health around the world.

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Global Justice Program

Launched in 2008 by Thomas Pogge, Leitner Professor of Philosophy and International Affairs, this program robustly engages the themes of Justice and Distribution: Local, National, Regional, Global, one of the major rubrics framing the research agenda of the MacMillan Center. Involving Yale students and faculty as well as a changing cast of about a dozen visiting students and scholars, the Global Justice Program (GJP) engages in various projects. Academics Stand Against Poverty aims to mobilize the capacities and resources of academia toward the eradication of global poverty by contributing to a better understanding of why severe poverty persists, how it can be reduced, and why its reduction is morally imperative (www.academicsstand.org). Incentives for Global Health is elaborating the blueprint of a proposed pay-for-performance mechanism, the Health Impact Fund (HIF), that would offer pharmaceutical innovators the option to register any new product—thereby undertaking to offer it worldwide at a price no higher than the lowest feasible cost of production and distribution while becoming entitled to receive ten annual reward payments according to its product’s global health impact (www.healthimpactfund.org). Working with the NGO Global Financial Integrity, Illicit Financial Flows analyzes and seeks to find remedies against the huge losses rich and especially poor countries suffer from embezzlement and tax evasion/avoidance as facilitated by tax havens and secrecy jurisdictions. Gender Poverty Measure has been working toward the development of new indexes for tracking poverty and gender disparities, conducting consultative field work with Oxfam GB and two other NGOs in eighteen poor communities in six developing countries. Much of the GJP’s work has been showcased in large annual conferences at Yale (the next one is scheduled for October 18–20, 2013) and has, through this and other venues, influenced debates about the post-2015 development agenda and inspired fruitful collaboration among global justice centers worldwide. More information about GJP activities is available on the program’s Web site, www.yale.edu/macmillan/globaljustice.

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Yale Center for the Study of Globalization

The Yale Center for the Study of Globalization (YCSG) is devoted to examining the impact of our increasingly integrated world on individuals, communities, and nations. YCSG’s purpose is to support the creation and dissemination of ideas for seizing globalization’s opportunities and overcoming its challenges. The center is particularly focused on practical policies to enable the world’s poorest and weakest citizens to share in the benefits brought by globalization. It also explores solutions to problems that, even if they do not result directly from integration, are global in nature and can therefore be effectively addressed only through international cooperation.

The essence of the center’s strategy is collaboration, both with the rich intellectual resources of the Yale community and with a variety of institutions and individuals across the globe. In all its initiatives YCSG strives to enhance the connection of Yale with the international institutions charged with management of global challenges; thus the center extends the intellectual reach of its work well beyond the Yale community, to connect with outside institutions and people as it endeavors to make its output policy relevant. YCSG engages with multilateral institutions and other global organizations in such a way as to contribute toward better understanding global problems and the formulation of their solutions as well as influencing the attitudes and actions of policymakers in favor of international cooperation.

The center’s core issues include global development, international trade, financial globalization, and global public goods, giving priority to issues of global governance, including mitigation of climate change and global peace and security. In the area of global peace and security, YCSG’s work is on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament and halting global crime.

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Hellenic Studies Program

This program offers a comprehensive program of instruction in the modern Greek language at the elementary, intermediate, and advanced levels and cooperates closely with the Center for Language Study at Yale University for the development of technology-based teaching aids for the acquisition and mastering of modern Greek and the enrichment of other Hellenic-oriented courses. In addition, it offers a variety of courses in modern Greek literature and culture as well as in Ottoman and modern Greek history, providing students with the opportunity to study postclassical Greece in a broad geographical, historical, and comparative context. The program also fosters courses in other departments, including Byzantine history and Byzantine history of art. The 2013 Stavros Niarchos Foundation Lecture will be delivered by Paschalis Kitromilides. Entitled “From Empires to Nations: Transitions in the Historical Experience of Southeastern Europe,” it will examine the legacy of the Enlightenment in Greece and southeastern Europe.

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Center for Historical Enquiry and the Social Sciences

The Center for Historical Enquiry and the Social Sciences (CHESS) concerns itself with the interplay between history and the present, in the belief that its work will lead to fresh solutions to seemingly intractable contemporary problems. Because the historical dimension of social life is seldom fully understood—and therefore not adequately addressed—significant theoretical developments have too often been foreclosed. We aim to change that. By forging analytical tools to systematically examine the historical constraints and possibilities confronting social actors, the center expects to contribute to a fuller understanding of the range of possibilities for action inscribed in past and present.

This new cross-disciplinary center also seeks to transcend the humanities and social sciences divide, bringing together a diverse complement of scholars to answer large questions that help us better understand the world we inhabit and seek to influence. The center’s scholars aim to create an environment in which we can learn from one another’s methodological expertise and substantive knowledge, and in which intellectual risks and experimentation are actively encouraged.

The centerpiece of CHESS is the weekly Friday workshop in which we will collectively discuss precirculated papers. In addition, the center supports two annual conferences: a spring gathering focused on a general topic of interest and an annual winter graduate student conference. The center will also support ephemeral study groups designated by its constituent members. Finally, the center plans to launch courses organized around both significant scholarship in the historical social sciences and the variety of methods available to those pursuing scholarship in social science history.

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Georg Walter Leitner Program in International and Comparative Political Economy

The Georg Walter Leitner Program in International and Comparative Political Economy promotes research and teaching about the interactions between politics and economics around the world. International and comparative political economy are critical and fast-growing areas of inquiry in the social sciences today, making the Leitner Program one of the most popular and important MacMillan Center initiatives. The program develops innovative activities and collaborations among faculty and students in a number of departments and schools across the University, including especially the departments of Economics and Political Science and the Law School, to reflect the increasing synergies of these disciplines worldwide.

The many activities offered by the Leitner Program include a weekly political economy workshop and several conferences each year at which the leading research in related fields is presented and discussed. Recent conferences have focused on topics such as the Economics, Law, and Politics of the GATT/WTO; Distributive Politics; Redistribution, Public Goods, and Political Market Failures; and Non-Democratic Regimes. The program also hosts a faculty visitor and postdoctoral fellowship program, which brings a combination of leading political economy researchers and younger scholars in the field to Yale for one-year appointments. These visiting scholars present innovative new interdisciplinary work to the Yale community, collaborate on research with Yale faculty and students, and offer related courses for Yale students. The program also hosts a monthly research lunch where political economy graduate students present their work in progress. Finally, the Leitner Program sponsors graduate and undergraduate student research fellowships and provides undergraduate senior essay assistance.

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Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence

The Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence is an interdisciplinary research program headquartered at and supported by the MacMillan Center. It fosters pioneering and rigorous theoretical and empirical research on human conflict in all its dimensions by promoting innovative approaches on questions related to the breakdown, emergence, and consolidation of local, national, or transnational political order; the origins, dynamics, and consequences of political polarization; the determinants of conflict actors and strategies; and the dynamics of violent escalation and de-escalation. The program encourages research that is question-driven, methodologically eclectic, and serious about context.

The program offers residential predoctoral and postdoctoral fellowships and organizes various activities, from lectures to workshops and conferences. Since its establishment in 2004, the program has organized more than two hundred talks and a dozen conferences and workshops; hosted more than thirty fellows and visiting scholars; and nurtured tens of graduate and undergraduate student associates. Through its combined activities, the program has helped to make Yale the preeminent site for cutting-edge research on questions related to order, conflict, and violence.

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Programs in International Educational Resources (PIER)

Programs in International Educational Resources (PIER) draws on Yale’s extensive resources, including its outstanding faculty and staff, to develop and implement programs, services, and resources designed to advance understanding of international and world regional issues through outreach to education, business, media, and the public. PIER focuses on Africa, East Asia, Europe, Latin America, and the Middle East.

PIER provides a wide range of programs and services, including summer institutes, professional development workshops, production and evaluation of educational materials, and curriculum development, as well as student programs, such as a language program for less commonly taught languages for high school students.

PIER aims to provide low barrier access to program participants by creating enduring ties within Yale, and to the broader educational communities in Connecticut and across the country. PIER supports the University’s efforts to help develop New Haven’s economic and educational potential by facilitating the access of New Haven Public Schools to its programming.

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Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition

Established in 1998 through a gift from Yale alumni Richard Gilder and Lewis Lehrman, the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition is dedicated to fostering education and research regarding all aspects of international slavery, especially the chattel slave system, its destruction, and its legacies. Through educational outreach, publications, international conferences, cultural events, and scholarly lectures, the Gilder Lehrman Center promotes an improved understanding of the role of slavery, slave resistance, and abolition in the founding of the modern world by encouraging intellectual exchange among scholars, teachers, and public historians. The center also offers research fellowships to graduate students, hosts visiting scholars, provides professional development workshops for secondary school teachers, and funds and awards the Frederick Douglass Book Prize, an annual award for the best nonfiction book written on the subject of slavery, resistance, or abolition.

For the 2013–2014 academic year the Gilder Lehrman Center plans to offer a wide range of events and fellowship opportunities. In collaboration with the National Museum of African American History and Culture, the center hosted a six-day Public History Institute in July 2013, which brought together Yale students, historians, and public history professionals to explore issues in interpreting African American history for the public. Throughout the year, students will continue to work on interpretive projects with museums across the country. In November the center will host its fifteenth Annual International Fall Conference: Indigenous Slavery and Incarceration in Native North America. The center will also feature other lectures and programs given by its growing number of visiting scholars, research affiliates, and graduate student fellowship recipients, including the annual visiting fellowship on modern-day slavery and human trafficking. In addition to public programs, the center plans to continue its major outreach initiatives for elementary and secondary school teachers, including a seminar series—Lincoln and the Meaning of Emanicipation—for teachers in New Haven and Cincinnati, Ohio, in partnership with the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, and funded by the Elizabeth Ring Mather and William Gwinn Mather Fund and the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Foundation.

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