Yale Bulletin and Calendar
News Stories

August 26 - September 2, 1996
Volume 25, Number 1
News Stories


Ten Yale professors have attained emeritus status over the past year. They are:

Francis L. Black

Francis L. Black, professor of epidemiology microbiology , has been on Yale's teaching staff since 1955. A specialist in the chemistry of viruses, Professor Black has been cited by colleagues for successfully bridging the gap between modern microbiology and epidemiology. He was the third scientist, after John Enders and Henry Kempe, to use the measles vaccine in humans. His other contributions to his field include: determining factors that influence the age at which a child can be effectively vaccinated against measles in diverse parts of the world; studying the interaction of genetics and infection; and determining the mode and persistence of HTLV-II, a cancer virus remotely related to the AIDS virus. A Canadian citizen, Professor Black was born in Taiwan and educated in Korea, Canada and the United States. He has authored over 200 journal articles, book chapters and other works and is a member of several professional organizations. He has been an adviser to associations such as the Pan American Health Organization and the Multiple Sclerosis Society.

Guido Calabresi

Former Law School dean Guido Calabresi became Sterling Professor Emeritus last October, after completing his first year as a judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals, 2nd Circuit. A former Rhodes Scholar, he is a graduate of both Yale College 1953 and the Law School 1958 . He joined the Yale faculty in 1959 and in 1962, at age 29, was appointed full professor. He was named Sterling Professor in 1978 and assumed the Law School deanship in 1985. Professor Calabresi is known for his pathbreaking work on tort law. His book "The Costs of Accidents" has been the basis of many reforms in the law of torts over the past 25 years. His other volumes have covered such diverse areas as the interpretation of statutes, law and medicine, and constitutional law. A native of Milan, Italy, and a naturalized U.S. citizen, Professor Calabresi has received numerous awards during his career, including over 25 honorary doctorates; memberships in The Royal Swedish Academy, the British Academy, and the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei; and the Commendatore of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy, presented by the Italian government. He was appointed to the federal bench by President Bill Clinton in 1994.

Harold C. Conklin

Harold C. Conklin, the Franklin Muzzy Crosby Professor of the Human Environment and professor of anthropology, is considered one of the world's leading authorities on ethnoscience, the manner in which inhabitants of a particular area perceive and treat their surroundings. He has conducted extensive ethnoecological and linguistic field research in Southeast Asia, especially in the Philippines, and is noted for his pioneering work on indigenous systems of tropical forest and terraced agriculture. Professor Conklin received his Ph.D. from Yale in 1955 and joined the faculty in 1962. He served as chair of the department of anthropology as well as curator and director of the division of anthropology at the Peabody Museum of Natural History, among other administrative posts. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, Professor Conklin has authored scores of articles, monographs and books, including the acclaimed "Hanunoo Agriculture" and "Ethnographic Atlas of Ifugao."

Thomas M. Greene

Thomas M. Greene, the Frederick Clifford Ford Professor of English and Comparative Literature, specializes in Renaissance literature. After receiving his bachelor's degree from Yale in 1949, he studied at the Sorbonne, then pursued graduate studies at Yale, earning his Ph.D. in 1955. He was appointed instructor in English in 1954. Twelve years later he was named professor of English and comparative literature. He chaired the department of comparative literature 1972-78 and 1986-88, and the Renaissance Studies Program 1980-85. Among his scores of publications are the books "The Descent from Heaven: A Study in Epic Continuity," "The Vulnerable Text: Essays on Renaissance Literature," "Poesie et magie," and "The Light in Troy: Imitation and Discovery in Renaissance Poetry," for which he received awards from the American Comparative Literature Association and the Modern Language Association. Other honors include the Danforth Foundation's E. Harris Harbison Prize for Distinguished Teaching, a Guggenheim Fellowship, National Endowment for the Humanities grants, the Medal of the College of France, and membership in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Professor Greene is a past president of both the American Comparative Literature Association and the Renaissance Society of America.

Robert E. Handschumacher

Robert E. Handschumacher, professor of pharmacology and a noted researcher in cancer chemotherapy, attained emeritus status last December, after 40 years at Yale. He came to the University in 1955 as a Squibb Fellow in the department of pharmacology and was named the American Cancer Society Career Professor of Pharmacology in 1964, in recognition of his research dealing with the effect of chemotherapeutic agents in inhibiting the growth of cancer cells. In addition to his work relating to the synthesis, physiological disposition and anti-tumor effects of chemotherapeutic agents, he has conducted extensive biomedical research on the control mechanisms in nucleic acid metabolism. At Yale, he was director of the Division of Biological Sciences 1969-72 and chaired the department of pharmacology 1974-77. In addition to serving as consultant to the American Cancer Society, the Anna Fuller Fund and the National Cancer Institute, he has served on the board of directors of the American Association for Cancer Research

John M. Montias

John M. Montias, professor of economics, is an authority on the economies of Eastern European socialist regimes and on the general theory of international trade. He attained emeritus status last December, 37 years after joining the Yale faculty, and is a former chair of Yale's Council on Russian and East European Studies. Born in France, he has served as United Nations Economic Officer, research supervisor with the Mid-European Studies Center and a consultant for several missions to Poland. He founded the Journal of Comparative Economics in 1977 and for a decade served as editor. An art enthusiast, he has uncovered scores of documents on the life and work of 17th-century Dutch painter Jan Vermeer. In 1978 he was awarded the prestigious Vermeer Prize, a distinction usually bestowed on professional art historians. Professor Montias' books include "The Structure of Economic Systems" and "Vermeer and his Milieu: a Web of Social History." His latest book, published in French, is titled "Le marche de l'art aux Pays Bas, 15eme-17eme siecles" "The Art Market in the Netherlands: 15th-17th centuries" .

Jaroslav Pelikan

Jaroslav Pelikan, Sterling Professor of History, is an internationally distinguished scholar of the history of Christianity and medieval intellectual history. He joined the Yale faculty in 1962 as the Titus Street Professor of Ecclesiastical History and in 1972 was appointed to the Sterling Professorship. He served as acting dean and then dean of the Graduate School 1973-78 and was the William Clyde DeVane Lecturer 1984-86 and in the fall of 1995. His more than 30 books include the acclaimed five-volume work "The Christian Tradition." His numerous awards include the Graduate School's 1979 Wilbur Cross Medal and the Medieval Academy of America's 1985 Haskins Medal. In 1983 the National Endowment for the Humanities selected Professor Pelikan to deliver the 12th annual Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities, the highest honor conferred by the federal government for outstanding achievement in the humanities. In 1992-93 he presented the Guifford Lectures in Scotland, an honor considered comparable to winning the Nobel Prize. He has been editor of the religion section of Encyclopedia Britannica, and in 1980 he founded the Council of Scholars at the Library of Congress. His numerous professional affiliations also includes the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, of which he is president. Two years ago President Bill Clinton appointed Professor Pelikan to serve on the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities.

George C. Schoolfield

George C. Schoolfield, professor of German and Scandinavian literature, came to Yale in 1969 and attained emeritus status last December. He has served as director of graduate studies and department chair. His principle fields of research include German literature and Germany's neo-Latin literature of the 16th and 17th centuries; German literature of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, especially the works of Rainer Maria Rilke; Finland's Swedish-language and Finnish literature; and German-Scandinavian literary relations. He also hasconducted research on the literature of European decadence and dandyism. His numerous books include "The Figure of the Musician in German Literature," "The German Lyric of the Baroque in English Translation," and "Elmer Diktonius: Poetry and Politics in Finland." He is editor-in-chief of the journal Studies in Scandinavian Literature and Culture. In 1989 the Consul General of the Republic of Finland presented Professor Schoolfield with the Order of the Lion of Finland "in appreciation for his work in promoting Finnish and Finnish-Swedish literature in the U.S.A."

Tsuneo Tamagawa

Tsuneo Tamagawa, the Andrew W. Phillips Professor of Mathematics, came to Yale in 1963 and was appointed to the Phillips Professorship in 1976. He is widely known in the mathematics field for his fundamental contributions to research on the arithmetic aspects of classical groups, which involve mathematical theories having their roots in geometry. Perhaps his most celebrated achievement is his synthesis of the so-called Tamagawa Number, which has opened new areas of thought in a field that has been worked over heavily by number theorists for generations. Born in Tokyo, Professor Tamagawa received his Ph.D. from Tokyo University in 1954 and taught there 1950-62. Before coming to Yale he was also a member of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, New Jersey, a visiting lecturer at Johns Hopkins University and professor of mathematics at Northwestern University. His articles on mathematical theory have been published in journals in both Japan and the United States.

David Underdown

David Underdown, the George B. Adams Professor of History, is a noted authority on 17th-century England. A native of Great Britain, he is director of the Yale Center for Parliamentary History, the premier institution for the publication of the records of English parliaments in the 1600s. He graduated from Oxford University and received a master's degree from Yale in 1952. He joined the Yale faculty in 1986 and was named to the Adams Professorship in 1994. His publications span political and social history. Among them are "Royalist Conspiracy in England, 1649-1660," "Pride's Purge: Politics in the Puritan Revolution," "Revel, Riot and Rebellion" and the prize-winning "Fire From Heaven: Life in an English Town in the Seventeenth Century." In 1991-92 Professor Underdown became the first scholar from a university outside the United Kingdom to deliver the Ford Lectures at Oxford University. His most recent book, based on the lectures and titled "A Freeborn People: Politics and the Nation in Seventeenth-Century England," will be published in September in England by Oxford University Press. Professor Underdown's awards and honors include fellowships from the Guggenheim Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities and election as a corresponding fellow of the British Academy.

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