U.S. Permanent Residence

There are many categories of Lawful Permanent Resident (LPR) status, described at the end of this page. The Office of International Students and Scholars (OISS) at Yale prepares and submits applications for the employment based (EB) categories of EB-1-2 Outstanding Professor/Researcher (OPR) and EB-2 Labor Certification. There are other LPR categories called "self-sponsored" which are described below. Yale affiliates may not hire an immigration attorney for employment based LPR applications (EB-1-2 and EB-2 Labor Certification) without the prior consent of OISS.

Most permanent teaching faculty find the EB-2 process easier, since it doesn’t require a lot of preparation, and simply involves documenting how the department recruited and selected them to come to Yale. However there is a backlog in the EB-2 category for citizens of China and India, and these faculty members should apply for the EB-1 category if they qualify. As the name implies, the EB-1 OPR category might be used for teaching faculty or permanent researchers at Yale. The eligibility standard is very high, and many researchers at Yale do not yet qualify (see below for details.) The EB-1 OPR involves a lot of detailed preparation of documentary evidence proving to immigration that the applicant has abundant outstanding academic achievements that have generated international recognition. Finally, Yale employees that do not qualify for the two Yale LPR sponsorship options mentioned above may succeed with a “self-sponsored” petition. Please click into the buttons below for details.

Employment Based Sponsorship through Yale

Please Note: You will need a Yale NetID in order to access the links below.




Employment Based Sponsorship; Self-Sponsored


General Overview of Permanent Resident Status

There are a few terms used to describe legal permanent residency in the United States. The terms immigrant, green card holder, legal permanent resident, resident alien all mean that the person has permission from immigration to reside in the US permanently. The official name is Lawful Permanent Resident (which we will refer to as LPR) status. Persons who hold LPR status may remain in the U.S. permanently and live and work wherever they wish. Obtaining LPR status has no effect on current citizenship, and LPR holders need to maintain a valid home country passport at all times.  In general LPRs have the some of the same rights, privileges, and responsibilities as U.S. citizens. LPRs may buy and sell property, own and operate businesses, and may be drafted into the military if a draft is in effect. LPRs may not vote in government elections, nor serve on juries at trials, nor hold some elected offices or government jobs.  Persons holding LPR status for five years (in some instances three) may become eligible to apply for U.S. citizenship.

General LPR Categories

As stated above, Yale sponsors only two LPR categories EB-1 Outstanding Professor/Researcher and EB-2 Member of the Professions with an Advanced Degree.  For these two categories Yale is the exclusive sponsor; either preparing the application directly, or giving special permission to use an outside lawyer.  Below is a description of some of the other LPR categories. Yale employees interested in applying for an LPR category other then the two mentioned above must either file the applications on their own, or hire an immigration attorney. The University cannot advise on these other LPR categories, but detailed information is available through the links below.

  • Family-based: Close family relationship to a U.S. citizen or LPR.
  • Employment-based: In addition to the categories listed above....
  • Refugee or Asylee based: Having a well-founded fear of persecution if one returns to the home country.
  • The Diversity Lottery: An annual lottery of select underserved countries.
  • Investors
  • Special Acts of Congress:  Laws that change or make exceptions to the standard procedures for certain persons or groups of people.