My degrees are Smith College BA magna cum laude (1958), Yale University MA (1959) and PhD (1965), Grinnell College DHL hon. (1999). I taught at Skidmore College (1962-63) and Oberlin College (1963-2001) from which I retired as Frederick B. Artz Professor of History. Since then I have been Visiting Fellow in History at Yale and have taught as Visiting Professor of History and Religious Studies (2003) and as Lecturer in History (2004-05). I am a Fellow and Past President of the Medieval Academy of America.
My main areas of research interest are the intellectual history of the Middle Ages and Renaissance. Principal pubiications: The Mirror of Language: A Study in the Medieval Theory of Knowledge (1968, rev. ed. 1981); The Stoic Tradition from Antiquity to the Early Middle Ages, 2 vols. (1985, paperback ed. 1990; Italian translation forthcoming); Peter Lombard, 2 vols. (1994; winner of the Haskins Medal of the Medieval Academy of America, 1998); Medieval Foundations of the Western Intellectual Tradition, 400-1400 (1997, paperback ed. 1999; Italian translation 2001, Chinese translation forthcoming (Beijjing, 2009); Ambrose's Patriarchs: Ethics for the Common Man (May 2005); Studies in Scholasticism (Aldershot, 2006) and The Fathers and Beyond: Church Fathers between Ancient and Medieval Thought (Aldershot, 2008).
Among grants held: Membership in the School of Historical Studies, Institute for Advanced Studies, Princeton; fellowships from Institute for Research in the Humanities, University of Wisconsin, Madison;National Humanities Center; Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington; National Endowment for the Humanities (senior and junior); Guggenheim Foundation; writing residency, Villa Serbelloni, Bellagio, Italy. Visiting Fellowships at: Harvard University, Weston School of Theology, Cambridge, MA.
Courses taught at Yale: Undergraduate: junior seminar on Machiavelli and the Renaissance (cross-listed with Renaissance Studies); Graduate: Critical Issues in the Renaissance and Reformation (cross-listed with Religious Studies), Augustine, The Augustinian Tradition in the Middle Ages.