Boğaziçi University is a public university located on the European side of the Bosphorus strait in Istanbul (hence the name, which means 'Bosphorus University'). It is the first American higher education institution founded outside the United States in the mid 19th century and has strong ties to the American educational system. Robert College was founded in Istanbul on September 16, 1863. On September 10, 1971, Boğaziçi University was officially established on what had been the Robert College campus for over one hundred years.
With the transfer of the site to the Turkish government, Boğaziçi University became the direct heir to not only the excellent facilities of Robert College but also to its distinguished academic tradition. Boğaziçi University consistently ranks as the most preferred university in Turkey; attracting most of the highest scoring students in the examinations; as well as having the most preferred engineering, applied science and social science programs in Turkey.
In 1971 Boğaziçi University had three faculties plus one school of higher education. Since 1982, it has grown to include four faculties, six institutes (offering graduate programs), the School of Foreign Languages, the School of Applied Disciplines and the School of Advanced Vocational Studies. The University's four faculties are: Arts and Sciences, Engineering, Economics and Administrative Sciences, and Education. Many faculty members teach in more than one faculty and the faculty structure promotes interdisciplinary teaching whenever appropriate.
Many of the University's buildings are located on its South Campus, with the Bosphorus and the historical castle of Rumelihisar as its boundary to the east. This campus encompasses the oldest buildings of the University. The North Campus, Hisar Campus and Ucaksavar Campus contain the newer additions to the University facilities. A fourth campus, on the Asiatic side of the Bosphorus, houses the historic Kandilli Observatory which is the center of a nationwide network of seismic stations and a prominent research unit of the University. The fifth campus, the Saritepe Campus, situated on the shores of the Black Sea 20 km to the northwest of the South and North campuses.