2007-2008 Fox International Fellows Outgoing from Yale University

To Boğaziçi University, Turkey

kaufmanBryce Kaufman
Graduating Senior, History/International Studies
Project Title: “Turkishness” and Turkish Identity Today

Mr. Kaufman will focus his research on defining “Turkishness” and what it means to modern Turkish identity.

Turkish penal code 301 declares that anyone who “publicly denigrates Turkishness, the Republic, or the Grand National Assembly of Turkey” will be punished with between six months and three years in prison. In order to better understand just wat is meant by Turkishness, Mr Kaufman will seek to learn more about the foundations of Turkish nationalism.  He will investigate Turkish nationalist ideology and how intellectuals have defined Turkish identity.  Finally, he will conduct extensive interviews across Turkey to determine what Turkishness means to citizens today.

Future Plans: Mr. Kaufman plans to continue onto law school and a career in law and foreign policy.

To Sidney Sussex College of Cambridge University, England

Richard Herbst
Project Title: "Analyzing Sex Biases in the Rural and Urban Criminal Law Systems of the United States and the United Kingdom"

Mr. Herbst will focus his research on longitudinal studies of American and international criminal law systems focusing on gender bias and the divide between rural and urban legal systems.

Mr. Herbst will join the work of Dr. Loraine Gelsthorpe analyzing gender bias in the courtroom.  Through an extensive survey of criminal court judges in the US and UK, he will assess the attitudes of judges regarding men and women in the courtroom.  Mr. Herbst will then link the crime rates of men and women in the area of the surveyed judges with their responses, comparing urban and rural areas.  Questions addressed by this element of the research will include the differences of crime rates and sex of the offender in rural versus urban settings.

Future Plans: Mr. Herbst plans a career in the Midwest teaching criminal law and critical legal studies.

brueckenhausDaniel Brueckenhaus
PhD, History
Project Title: "Transfers of Information and Strategies of Rule Between the British and German Colonial Empires in Africa, 1881-1914"

Mr. Bruckenhaus is researching the transfers of information and strategies of colonial rule between the British and German Empires from 1884-1914.

Recent debates among historians have centered around the importance of transnational histories.  In line with this idea, Mr. Bruckenhaus hopes to further expand this concept to include interactions between the large colonial empires of the 19th and 20th centuries.  His work assumes that people and ideas traveled from one empire to another and that colonists often tried to adapt strategies initiated by their neighbors.  Mr. Bruckenhaus will focus on political, social and cultural transfers between the British and German empires. He will question to what extent German and British colonists observed each other’s structure as models for how to build, administer and develop their own empires.

Future Plans: Mr. Bruckenhaus plans to pursue a career in academic writing and teaching.

To El Colegio de México, Mexico

bookmanZachary Bookman
Project Title: Assessing the implementation of Mexico’s Freedom of Information Act

Mr. Bookman will study the implementation of Mexico’s recently passed Freedom of Information Act.

Whereas the US has had a FOIA for over forty years, Mexico enacted this landmark law in June 2003.  Prior to the administration of President Fox, Mexican citizens were often denied access to information regarding the institutions and rules that governed their lives.  With the establishment of an entire government agency, the Federal Institute for Access to Information, responsible for overseeing the law’s administration and hearing appeals for public information, there is great promise to fight corruption, promote human rights, and consolidate Mexico’s democratic gains.  Many developing countries, particularly in Latin America (Argentine, Brazil) are watching closely to see whether Mexico can pull it off.  Mr. Bookman will focus his study on how executive agencies and quasi-federal entities are meeting the implementation challenges posed by a modern information culture.  He will also track the state level roll-out and constitutional reform initiatives among Mexico’s Federal States.

Future Plans: After clerking on the 9th Circuit next year, Mr. Bookman plans to pursue a career in government or elected office.

Julie Weise
PhD, History
Project Title: "Mexicans and Mexican-Americans in the U.S. South 1910-2010"

Ms. Weise will focus her research on Mexicans and Mexican Americans in the U.S. South from 1910-2010.

In the wake of dramatic growth in the American South’s Latino population during the last  decade of the twentieth century, Ms. Weise’s research traces the hundred-year roots of Mexican migration to the South, demonstrating how U.S.-Mexico relations have affected this “provincial” region and in turn, how the South and the United States more generally affected the racial politics of Mexican nationalism.  She will focus her efforts on the interaction between Mexican migrants and consular officials.  Her study will interpret Mexico’s transnational policymaking from the perspective not only of politics, but also from that of culture and racial ideology.

Future Plans: Ms. Weise hopes to pursue a career as a professor of history.

To the Freie University, Berlin

lisovskayaAnastasiya Lisovskaya
Max Kade Scholar
Graduating Senior, Ethics Politics and Economics/German Studies
Research Interest: Historical research on the German treatment of Byelorussian population during World War II and the ramifications for Germany’s military success

Ms. Lisovskaya will research the treatment of the Byelorussian population by Germany during World War II.

Ms. Lisovskaya will focus her research on the attempts of the German Wehrmacht and SS-Verbande to induce Byelorussian soldiers to defect to Germany’s side.  The first experiments with the formation of special military units composed of Soviet prisoners occurred in the territory of Belarus.  The use of Byelorussian soldiers reveals a dichotomy between propagandized Nazi viewpoint which stated that only Germans would be allowed to bear arms and the utilitarian approach of military commanders toward the Slavic population and Byelorussian defectors.  As the experiment generally ended in friction, frustration and failure, Ms. Lisovskaya contends that the pattern developed in Belarus during the first years of World War II affected the attitude of German military towards the Soviet population in general.

Future Plans: Ms. Lisovskaya plans to attend law school in order to study international and corporate law.

To the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), France

cherryHaydon Cherry
PhD, History
Project Title: "Down and Out in Saigon: The Social History of the Urban Poor and the Making of the Vietnamese Revolution in Late Colonial Saigon, 1918-1954"

Mr. Cherry will explore the role of the urban poor in the making of the Vietnamese revolution in late colonial Saigon.

Traditional explanations of the Vietnamese revolution have focused on educated elites and the development of communism or nationalism, or on rebellion and unrest in the countryside.  Mr. Cherry’s research will focus on the role of the poor of Saigon who, throughout the colonial period, engaged in forms of everyday resistance against the French.  Mr. Cherry’s research will also explore daily relationships between the poor themselves who, he contends, took up arms to bring relief from neighbors as much as from those who ruled over them.

Future Plans: Mr. Cherry plans to pursue an academic career as a professional historian of modern Southeast Asia. 

To Jawaharlal Nehru University

fredricksonBjorn Fredrickson
Graduating Senior, Environmental Studies
Project Title: "A Contemporary History of the Social Injustices Associated with Indian Dam-Induced Population Resettlement Schemes and Politics"

Mr. Fredrickson will focus his research on dam construction-induced population resettlement.

In terms of total population displaced by hydroelectric facility development, India ranks second only to China.  Dam construction in India has displaced as many as 33 million Indians over the past 50 years.  Roughly three fourths of Indians displaced for dam projects receive no land or compensation.  Mr. Fredrickson will explore the relationship between dam displacement and impoverishment with an ultimate goal of rethinking the planning implementation and management of resettlement projects. His research will provide important lessons as to why transmigrants are consistently impoverished across the developing world.

Future Plans: Mr. Fredrickson plans to pursue a career at an international development agency.

Benjamin Siegel
Graduating Senior, History
Project Title: "Media Understanding of Nation, Community and Self in Contemporary India"

Mr. Siegel plans to research how public institutions and different forms of media in India help construct distinctly Indian ideas of nationality, community and self.

By identifying some of the key historical moments when identify politics were constructed in India through mass public representation, Mr. Siegel hopes to acquire a foundation upon which to explore the role of public spheres in the construction of contemporary notions of identity and modernity. From the change in the traditional understanding of family life and structure brought about by Bollywood's culturally hegemonic films, to the demonization of Muslims that have resulted in widespread communal violence, Mr. Siegel will explore the ways by which Indian media and institutions have reshaped ideas of class, religion, and political identity. His research will also investigate the extent to which these same projects, deliberately or otherwise, have stemmed from historical interaction with the West.

Future Plans: Mr. Siegel plans to pursue higher scholarship in South Asian studies.

To Moscow State University, Russia

eenmaaHelen Eenmaa
JSD, Doctor of the Science of Law
Research Interest: Relationship between the fundamental principles of efficiency and corrective justice in Russian private law and legal practice.

Ms. Eenma will study the relationship between the fundamental principles of efficiency and corrective justice in Russian private law and legal practice. 

Law is a system of principles often considered to communicate a certain conception of justice.  Several American legal philosophers have argued that the principle of corrective justice provides the best explanation of various areas of the law, especially the law of torts.  On the other hand, some philosophers of law and many economists of law have argued against it, suggesting alternative principles, most notably the principle of efficiency.  Ms. Eenmaa plans to research the role of the principle of efficiency in Russian law as well as the substantive content of the principle of corrective justice and determine how these principles are reflected in Russian legal practice.

Future Plans: Ms. Eenmaa plans to pursue a career as a professor of law and philosophy in Eastern Europe. 

Tel Aviv University, Israel

alkayevaSvetlana Alkayeva
Graduating Senior, Economics
Project Title: "German Investments in Israel: the 1953 London Debt Agreement to the Present"

Ms. Alkayeva plans to study the history of German investments in Israel in the overall context of foreign investments in the country.

While many developing countries are plagued by an inability to attract foreign investments due to high risk and instability, Israel’s stock market saw little fluctuation during its recent war with Lebanon.  Ms. Alkayeva strives to understand the motivation behind foreign investors’ decisions to invest in Israel’s economy.  Germany is a particularly interesting case study as the Federal Republic of Germany was founded on the premise that it would support Israel.  Today, Germany is Israel’s second largest trading partner, though direct German investment in the country remains rather low.  Ms. Alkayeva will attempt to answer the question of whether historical guilt has had an effect on the decision of German investors’ focus on Israel.

Future Plans: Ms. Alkayeva plans to pursue a PhD in Economics with a specialization in international and developmental economics.

emanuelRebekah Emanuel
Graduating Senior, Ethics Politics and Economics
Project Title: "Understanding Narratives of Death in the Israeli-Arab Conflict"

Ms. Emanuel will focus her research on the elucidating how the way that people die impacts the way that their loved ones remember them. She has a special focus on how the political context of the Israeli Arab conflict influences and is influenced by the framing of narratives of death.

 Memorializing loved ones can be a powerful force both in individuals' private lives and in larger civil society. What meaning to take from a life (and from a death) is often a wrenching question.  In the Middle East context, these questions take on a whole new dimension. The Israeli-Arab conflict is constantly reinforced by narratives of death as powerful motivators to action.  However, the same death can incite survivors to commit to increasingly extreme and violent political positions, or just the opposite, can serve as a motivation to work toward peace and reconciliation.  Through a series of interviews, Ms. Emanuel hopes to determine if narratives of death are seen as foundational moral justification for current political and civic action.  Ms. Emanuel will also distinguish between the effects of conflict related and natural deaths, and will examine how having time to "say goodbye" changes the meanings memorialized.

Future Plans: Ms. Emanuel hopes to pursue a PhD in Social Psychology.

To The University of Cape Town

trotterHenry Trotter
PhD History
Project Title: "Port Culture: A Modern History of South Africa Sailors, Stevedores & Sugar Girls"

Mr. Trotter’s research will focus on the role of dockside interactions in recent South African History.

While many historians offer a compelling view of the world of ports, sailors and the historic global network this movement of cultural, political and genetic material created, they largely ignore its role in contemporary history.   During South Africa’s restrictive and segregated years of apartheid, ports were potential hotbeds of subversion where ideas and cargo could escape state surveillance.  Focusing on three South African ports, Cape Town, Durban and Port Elizabeth, Mr. Trotter will explore the social dynamics of South African port culture from WWII to the present.

Future Plans: Mr. Trotter plans to become a professor of African History at a research university in America.

To University of Tokyo, Japan

katzAndrea Katz
Graduating Senior, East Asian Studies/Literature
Project Title: "North Korea and Japan: Evaluating the Possibility of a Diplomatic Reconciliation"

Ms. Katz’s research will focus on the reestablishment of diplomatic relations between Japan and North Korea.

Ms. Katz will center her research on structural factors and institutions which either lend themselves to diplomatic reconciliation or work against it.  She will focus on identifying the best structure for reestablishing relations; multilateralism or bilateralism.  She hopes to use current approaches to understanding Japan and North Korea’s relationship in order to asses the explanatory power of variable like electoral politics, financial incentives, defense spending or even interest groups on international political decisions.

Future Plans: Ms. Katz plans to pursue her study of East Asian politics in law or graduate school.

naughtonDaniel Naughton
Graduating Senior, Ethics Politics and Economics
Project Title: "Learning from Japan’s Innovation in Transit Privatization"

Mr. Naughton will research the development and future of Japan’s private transportation infrastructure.

Under the supervision of Professor Yoshitsugu Kanemoto, Mr. Naughton will research the recent trends in privatization of Japan’s transportation infrastructure, concentrating on the concessioning of long-distance expressways and passenger rail.  Mr. Naughton seeks to assess the relevance and feasibility of such privatizations for the United States, especially as certain Midwestern states are now beginning to sell their toll roads to foreign investors. Specifically, Mr. Naughton will asses the political and regulatory structures necessary for such privatization to occur, along with the financial and economic aspects that attract private firms to such investment.   As such, his research will be a joint project between the University of Tokyo’s graduate school of Economics and Public Policy, hopefully using resources from both departments.

Future Plans: Mr. Naughton will begin his career in management consulting and ultimately hopes to help oversee the privatization of American passenger rail.

2007-2008 Fox International Fellows Incoming to Yale University

From Boğaziçi University

kirazFatih Kira
PhD, Finance
Project Title: "In search of CHAOS: The Case of Finance"

Mr. Kiraz's research focuses on the relationship between `chaos theory` and financial markets.  

For the last fifteen years, interest in nonlinear dynamics, especially deterministic chaotic dynamics, has increased significantly in both the financial press and academic literature.  The main motivation for this increase is the frequency of dramatic moves in stock markets, which are greater than would be expected under a normal distribution.  There are a number of possible explanations, one of which is that the stock market is governed by 'chaotic rules'.  Mr. Kiraz's research hopes to provide satisfying answers to questions such as: Is there chaos in financial markets? If yes, what are the implications? If no, are there any other explanations for the behavior of financial systems?

Future Plans: Mr. Kiraz plans to pursue an academic career as a researcher and instructor.

From Sidney Sussex College of Cambridge University, England

chartersClaire Charters
PhD, Law
Project Title: "Resolving the Incoherence in International Law of Indigenous People’s Rights"

Ms. Charters' research focuses on a resolution to the fragmentation and incoherence of international law on Indigenous people's rights.

There are a plethora of international institutions active in indigenous peoples' rights under international law.  Many have developed different, and at times conflicting, norms on the level of state duties owed to Indigenous people.  This incoherence extends to matters of restitution, self-determination, culture, traditional knowledge and treaties between Indigenous peoples and states.  Ms. Charters argues that placing this fragmentation of Indigenous peoples' rights within the context of more general jurisprudence and academic commentary highlights lessons that can be learned to resolve the incoherence in Indigenous peoples' rights.  At the same time this contextual placement also isolates the ways in which fragmentation in Indigenous peoples' rights is unique.

Future Plans: Ms. Charters is an academic in Indigenous peoples' rights under international law.

From El Colegio de México, Mexico

vazquezMarcela Isabel Vazquez
Graduating BA, Politics and Public Administration
Project Title: "Transition to Democracy and Government Performance: The Mexican Public Administration During the Last 12 Years"

Ms. Vazquez will research the relationship between public sector reform and democratic transition and consolidation.

Ms. Vazquez will approach her research through the dimension of Public Administration.  Her central argument is that a new democratic government should fulfill citizens’ expectations by reinventing its structures in order to achieve economic, social and political goals.  While democratic governments work hard to lay the important legal groundwork for the promotion of good governance, the implementation of these laws and programs has to be realized by public organizations.   Ms. Vazquez claims that electoral democracy alone is not sufficient to consolidate a democratic regime, but reforms to improve public administration quality are essential if democracy is to garner the broad and sustainable popular support that characterizes its consolidation.

Future Plans: Ms. Vazquez plans to pursue a career in the Mexican Public Service or in an international organization focused on development issues.

arellano-gonzalezJesus Arellano-Gonzalez
MA, Economics
Project Title: "Human Capital, Technological Adoption and Productive Efficiency in the Agricultural Economy of Mexico"

Mr. Arellano will research the relationship between the level of schooling and agricultural efficiency in Mexico.

Cross regional differences in efficiency of agricultural techniques in Mexico have long been explained by land size and quality, variety of grain used and the effect of technological investments.  Policy has thus been shaped to address these areas.  Mr. Arellano plans to research the role of education in these differences. He hypothesizes that the level of schooling may have an important impact on technological change and implementation in farming, which in turn impacts efficiency since rural households chose rationally the technology they will implement given their level of human capital. Mr. Arellano will approach this question using an economic framework with the potential to complete a comparison between the agricultural sectors of Mexico and asses the level of differences that can be explained by human capital pointing out the role of schooling in explaining income differences at a nation-wide level.

Future Plans: Mr. Arellano plans to work for a Mexican governmental or institutional economic agency and to pursue a PhD in economics.

From Freie University, Berlin

reinoldTheresa Sophia Reinold
Max Kade Scholar
PhD, Political Science
Project Title: "Sovereignty as Responsibility: On the Power of Norms and the Norms of the Powerful"

Ms. Reinold's research explores the evolution of the concept of sovereignty as responsibility, focusing in particular on the influence of U.S. international legal strategies on the transformation of sovereignty.

Ms. Reinold discusses the extent to which U.S. hegemonic law-making strategies have contributed to transforming the institution of sovereignty and how, as a consequence, the law governing the use of force has been reshaped. During the Cold war, the concept of sovereignty as control determined the rules of inter-state relations. However, in the 1990s, an understanding of sovereignty emerged in state practice and international discourse that highlights states' responsibilities toward their national constituencies as well as to the international community as a whole - responsibilities, which in some cases were even enforced militarily. Ms. Reinold distinguishes these responsibilities as the responsibility to protect, respect and deliver. In order to assess the current status of the concept of sovereignty as responsibility in customary international law, she will analyze U.S. intervention practices in genocidal regimes, “rogue states” and failed states, as well as international reactions to these.

Future Plans: Ms. Reinold would like to pursue a career in academia.

thimmHeinrich Johannes Thimm
PhD, Political Science
Project Title: "Untangling Unilateralism: America’s Ambivalence Toward International Treaties"

Mr. Thimm’s research explores the reasons for American unilateralism regarding international treaties and the conditions under which multilateral behavior is possible.

Mr. Thimm's research explores American foreign policy towards multilateral agreements. Based on four case studies of human rights and arms control treaties, he examines under what conditions the United States is willing to enter into binding international treaties. Drawing on International Relations theory, Mr. Thimm hopes to integrate explanations on various levels of analysis to arrive at a multi-causal explanation for US behavior in this area. He suspects that structural factors bias American policy towards unilateral behavior. However, the conditions necessary to overcome that bias and explanations for specific decisions are mostly found in domestic American politics.

Future Plans: Mr. Thimm plans to work as a practitioner in the field of International Relations, specifically for an international organization in the UN system or the German Foreign Ministry.

From Fudan University, Shanghai

chuHao Chu
PhD, History
Project Title: "The Evolution of U.S. Foreign Trade Policy (1953-1968)"

Mr. Chu’s research traces the formation and development of American foreign trade policy from 1953-1968.

Using an interdisciplinary framework of history and international political economy theories, Mr. Chu will analyze declassified documents of the early Cold War period in order to analyze the process, essence and influences of the U.S. foreign trade policy and make a comparison between the foreign trade policies of the United States and Soviet Union during this time.  By adopting international theories of political economy, Mr. Chu hopes to conduct an in depth study of the relationship between U.S Cold War hegemony and trade policy. 

Future Plans: Mr. Chu plans on pursuing a career as a researcher on Cold War studies.

liangYong Liang
PhD, Law
Project Title: "Labor Law Issues in Chinese Overseas Investments"

Ms. Liang will focus her research on labor law issues in outward investment by Chinese investors.

As China increases its amount of outward investment, labor laws and regulations will undoubtedly be an issue of major concern.  Domestic labor practices are also of great concern to potential international investors.  Ms. Liang argues that China will have to consider whether its development of outward investment is sustainable and harmonious.  Ms. Liang will study labor laws and regulations of the US, EU and other developed states in order to provide essential insight and expertise for the Chinese government to improve Chinese labor laws and promote reforms in labor protection and human rights.

Future Plans: Ms. Liang hopes to pursue a career as a professor focusing on international investment law.

From the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), France

bonaventureFlorent Bonaventure
PhD, History
Project Title: "Clarence Darrow, A Biography"

Mr. Bonaventure is writing a biography of Clarence Darrow.

Clarence Darrow was one of the most influential intellectuals of the American left during turn-of-the century America. As an attorney, he was a protagonist in some of the most important court cases of the era (Debs Trial, Leopold and Loeb Trial, Scope "Monkey" Trial, Ossian Sweet Trial).  Mr. Bonventure's biography will have four focal points. He will link Darrow's life with a larger social transition from populist to progressive ideas. Furthermore, he plans to illuminate Darrow's engagement with radical social networks in the United States, and to capture the originality of his figure and engagements through his lifestyle, his relations and his socializing locations.  Mr. Bonaventure will also explore Darrow's largely ignored transatlantic connections, tracing the interrelationship between European radical ideas and Darrow's interpretation of the American Gilded Age. Finally, Mr.  Bonaventure will analyze Clarence Darrow's legacy for the modern American left.

Future Plans: Mr. Bonaventure plans on becoming a professor in France or abroad.

From Jawaharlal Nehru University

jamalFazil Jamal
PhD, International Law
Project Title: "International Trade in Oil and Natural Gas: A Legal Study with Special Reference to India"

Mr. Jamal seeks to identify and understand the legal framework for international trade of oil, gas and other petroleum products.

In his research, Mr. Jamal plans to evaluate the international institutional arrangements that have been established over time, both at regional and global levels and on a sectoral basis, to initiate regional and global regulatory standards in energy trade.  He will furthermore closely examine India’s legal framework for ensuring oil security and international trade in petroleum products within this wider backdrop, primarily through the interface of international and national regulatory frameworks.

Future Plans: Mr. Jamal plans to pursue a career as an international lawyer.

godboleAvinash Anil Godbole
PhD, East Asian Studies
Project Title: "Environmental Degradation and Migration in China"

Mr. Godbole’s research focuses on environmental refugees in China. Environmental refugees are those people that are displaced from their homeland due to factors such as desertification, salinsation of agricultural land, disappearance of forests, floods and drought. 

In the next two decades, 100 million people are expected to be displaced globally due to desertification of agricultural land, 30 million of which are expected to be in China.  There is often little government assistance for these victims, who relocate to other regions and across borders.  Unable to utilize their traditional knowledge, they often end up being low wage, unskilled urban labor and can create tension in resource stressed urban and rural areas to which they relocate.  Mr. Godbole plans to address the classification of these refugees in China as the country is poised at a crossroads of  developmental policy.  He argues that policy should address the needs and affects of this internal displacement.

Future Plans: Mr. Godbole plans to pursue his interest in Chinese development strategy and environmental issues at the academic and policy level.

From Moscow State University, Russia

bulatovaElena Bulatova
PhD, Public Administration
Project Title: "Management of Forming and Expenditure of Stabilization Fund of Russi"

Ms. Bulatova will research the management of the formation and expenditure of a stabilization fund in Russia.

A large part of the Russian economy is defined by raw exports including oil, gas and metals.  Because the value of these goods is very fluid in the world economy, Russia has created a stabilization fund which takes advantage of times of high market value, investing profits into a fund for times of lower profit.  Ms. Bulatova will analyze international experiences of the creation and function of similar stabilization funds, as well as the challenges of such funds from a theoretical macroeconomic approach. 

Future Plans: Ms. Bulatova looks forward to a career in economics.

From Tel Aviv University, Israel

goldbergOri Goldberg
PhD, History
Project Title: "Discourse, Interpretation and Culture in Iranian Neo-Shi-sm"

Mr. Goldberg will research the Neo-Shiite intellectual discourse over the past fifty years in Iran.

Traditionally, Neo-Shiite thought has been interpreted from a purely social science perspective, most often as a reactionary movement counteracting the monarchist views of Iran’s shah and Marxist tendencies sweeping Iran following World War Two.  Mr. Goldberg argues that this perspective ignores the theological and cultural aspects of Neo-Shiite discourse, and thereby fails to explain its mobilizing power and durability.  Mr. Goldberg hopes to explore the complexity of neo-Shiite thought from diverse viewpoints, primarily grounded in theology.  He plans on writing an intellectual history in the development of the discourse.

Future Plans: Mr. Goldberg plans on pursing an academic career focusing on an interdisciplinary study of religious thought.

From The University of Cape Town, South Africa

eastmanMichael Eastman
M.Phil, Law
Project Title: "South African Law, Traditional African Healers and Health Care in the 21st Century"

Mr. Eastman will conduct a legal investigation into potential policy and legislative approaches toward traditional African healers.

While South Africa has 35,000 doctors who practice in the conventional biomedical system, 300,000 traditional African healers serve the medical needs of the majority of the South African population.  These healers usually practice a combination of religious, spiritual and supernatural techniques in conjunction with the application of herbal remedies, spells, charms and ancestor consultation.  There has been little monitoring or regulation of these healing techniques nor has there been an increase in the quantity, quality and accessibility of clinical evidence to support claims of safety and efficacy of traditional remedies.  Within the WHO, there has been a movement toward monitoring of traditional practices as well as improving access to all forms of healthcare.  Mr. Eastman’s research will focus on the role, if any, that traditional healers should play in South Africas formal healthcare system. He will also investigate the regulation of  traditional medicines.

Future Plans: Mr. Eastman plans to pursue a career either in international law and public service or as a medical doctor.

From the University of Tokyo, Japan

hashimotoYuki Hashimoto
Masters in Economics
Project Title: "The Effect of Less-Skilled Foreign Workers on Local Labor Markets"

Ms. Hashimoto will research the effect of unskilled foreign workers on the Japanese economy.

Japan is currently home to the lowest birthrate in the world.  Coupled with an aging workforce, concerns about maintaining the labor force and economic growth are coming to the forefront in Japanese immigration policy.  Ms. Hashimoto will focus her research on the role that foreign-born workers may play in maintaining the labor force, especially in non professional or technical jobs.  In particular, she will examine the role of foreign workers in the secondary labor market, focusing on the role of discrimination based on linguistic ability.  Her approach will demonstrate the multilayered structure in the Japanese labor market, analyze industry classification for foreign workers and examine the mechanism of foreigners' concentration in particular areas.

Future Plans: Ms. Hashimoto plans to be a university teacher of labor economics or to work at a research institute.

babaKaori Baba
PhD, Law and Politics
Project Title: "Transition of Social Security System Reforms in Mexico: From the Perspective of Comparative Studies in Rural Areas"

Ms. Baba’s research focuses on the transition of social security system reforms in Mexico from the perspective of comparative studies in rural areas.

The challenges of a social security system are important issues that are inextricably linked to the quality of a newborn democracy, not only in Mexico, but in all of Latin America.  In Mexico, the problems of the social security system differ by region according to the distinct policy and actors in each state or municipality.  Ms. Baba plans to conduct a comparative analysis of various rural communities within Mexico in order to examine the reality and consequences of social security reforms.  Secondly, she will bring into focus the characteristics of Mexican reforms through a comparative analysis of reform processes in other Latin American nations.

Future Plans: Ms. Baba plans on continuing her work in academia in order to contribute to international cooperative programs on health and medical care in Latin America and other developing nations. 




Yale Alumni

"My experience was enriched by living with some of the Fox Fellows and having many formal and informal gatherings with them. I learned many new things about other cultures and it was very influential in changing my perspective about the world we live in. It made me realize the challenge we have to meet by transcending many boundaries and communicating with each other. The Fox Fellowship is a very unique program and a once-in-a-lifetime experience."

Alexandra Delano
from El Colegio de México to Yale