2006-2007 Fox International Fellows Outgoing from Yale University
John Christian Bailey
Max Kade Scholar
Project Title: “Becoming Good Europeans: the Growth of European Internationalism in Germany: 1945-1963”
Mr. Bailey’s research focuses on German movements toward becoming part of a greater Europe in the years immediately following WWII.
Today the role of the EU is a hotly contested, often controversial issue. In his research, Mr. Bailey looks at early integrationist tendencies in Germany. Following World War II, many Germans were eager to take part in a larger ‘United States of Europe’. Mr. Bailey identifies three sources of integrationist influence used by historians. These mechanisms, transnational organizations, the cultural wing of the American government and nationally based cultural groups in Germany, all played an important role in fostering this pro-European attitude. In his comparison of these forces, Mr. Bailey hopes to make generalized reflections about each one’s power and influence within mid-twentieth century Europe.
Future Plans: Mr. Bailey hopes to pursue a career in academia.
MA, International Relations
Project Title: "Foreign Direct Investment by German Multinational Corporations"
Mr. Dere’s research will focus on German delocalization from domestic factories to those in Central and Eastern Europe.
Through his concentration on German foreign direct investment Mr. Dere hopes to ascertain what conditions and policies, within Germany and abroad, affect the decision to delocalize. The controversy of delocalization is emblematic of the larger conflict between maintaining economic competitiveness and guaranteeing social stability. German decisions regarding delocalization may set a precedent for other Western European countries while having a critical impact on the development of Central European nations.
Future Plans: Mr. Dere’s future plans include management consulting, followed by a strategic planning role at a multinational corporation.
BA, Graduated Senior, Political Science
Project Title: “Rites of Passage: Palestinian Youth and Generational Transitions in Politics”
Mr. Cedar will be researching generational transitions in Palestinian-Israeli politics, particularly when new leaders assume power and choose to break from the traditions of their predecessors.
Young Palestinians have become a driving force behind watershed events in the Arab/Israeli conflict and have defined a new relationship with the West and Israel. By conducting a cross-generational study comparing the 1936-39 general strikes and the first Intifada, Mr. Cedar hopes to elucidate the role of formative experiences in shaping ideologies and strategies of each generation. In particular, he will look at the historical circumstances influencing each generation, including the policies of Britain and Israel. Ultimately, he hopes to apply this analysis to the lives of current Palestinian and Israeli teenagers in order to better understand the political makeup of the next generation of leaders.
Future Plans: Mr. Cedar’s future plans include a career in diplomacy.
Project Title: "Secular Democracies, Muslim Minorities: A Comparative Study of Judicial Responses to the Cultural Rights of Muslims in Europe and India”
Mr. De’s research will compare the approaches of Western European courts to the Indian Supreme Court on the question of cultural rights for Muslim minorities.
Battles over identity are issues often fought in the public sphere through uneasy political relationships and marginalization of minorities, but such battles can also have their roots in a court of law. This has been increasingly true for Muslim minorities. While the Indian state attempts to create legal distinctions for the exercise of cultural rights, such as the existence of separate family courts, European courts tend to leave all cultural expression in the private sphere, even going so far as to ban headscarves in French public schools.
Mr. De’s research asks how these varying approaches affect Islamic cultural tradition in the context of modernity.
Future Plans: Mr. De plans to pursue a career as a professor of law.
MESc/MA, FES & Int’l Relations
Project Title: “Crop Diversity, trade Liberalization and Agricultural Policy”
Ms. Keleman’s research will explore the relationship between market pressures and the genetic diversity of maize in Mexico.
Since the early 1990s, there has been a renewed emphasis on the role of small scale farmers in maintaining crop diversity. Ecological suitability, taste and cultural value are all factors that contribute to famers’ choice in maintaining this variety. Ms. Keleman seeks to explore whether market mechanisms might provide an incentive to maintain indigenous crop varieties. She hopes to specifically address two broad issues within this dialogue; what conditions have a net positive or negative impact on the conservation of genetic diversity and the impact of targeted programs such agricultural subsidies have on genetic diversity conservation. Ms. Keleman believes this research will have practical, academic and policy making implications.
Future Plans: Ms. Keleman hopes to pursue a PhD and explore the linkages between academic and applied settings in order to use research for concrete impacts on biodiversity conservation and rural livelihoods.
PhD, Political Science
Project Title: “Europe 1948: The Transformation of Sovereignty”
Mr. Duranti’s project focuses on 1948 as a critical year in the transition of European state sovereignty from individual nation states to some greater entity of ‘Europe’.
In 1948 anti-American federalists in Europe made their last plea for Cold War neutrality while anti-Soviet federalists launched their proposals for regional military integration against the communist threat. In addition, while 1948 has long been recognized as the year of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Genocide Convention, Mr. Duranti’s research also underscores the role of the meeting of the Hague Congress of Federalist Movements in May of that year as critical to the creation of European Court of Human Rights, which has been a largely successful supranational mechanism for the protection of individual liberties. Each of these events has had a profound impact in the ideological construction of a ‘greater Europe’. This research has important implications in understanding the origins of the European Union, which finds itself at a crossroads today.
Future Plans: Mr. Duranti hopes to pursue a career as a Modern European historian, researching and teaching in academia.
Project Title: “The French Withdrawal From NATO’s Integrated Command/ A Study In Allied Diplomacy”
Ms. Davidson will be researching the strategy behind France’s withdrawal from NATO’s integrated military command in 1966 and the American reaction and response.
Given the role NATO is generally ascribed as a Cold War success story, there has been remarkably little research into France’s withdrawal; an event that could have threatened the stability of the organization as a whole. Ms. Davidson hopes to challenge the common caricatures of Charles de Gaulle and Lyndon Baines Johnson and chronicle the withdrawal from both an American and European perspective. She asks vital questions about NATO’s ability to survive France’s rejection in 1966 and contrasts LBJ's approach towards France with that of Donald Rumsfeld more recently.
Future Plans: Ms. Davidson hopes to pursue a career teaching and researching in academia.
JD, International Law
Project Title: “An Analysis of Compliance with the Indian Supreme Courts Orders on the Right to Food Case”
Mr. Robinson plans to research the way in which the Indian Supreme Court has taken on a quasi-legislative role in cases concerning social and economic rights.
In recent years, the Indian Supreme Court has set down specific guidelines on sexual harassment, child labor, levels of noise pollution and especially the right to food. Focusing on this last initiative, Mr. Robinson will investigate how the Court has become a quasi-legislative entity. Through research at JNU, field observations on the implementation of the right to food orders in 4-5 Indian states and clerking at the Supreme Court, Mr. Robinson hopes to gain a full understanding of this complex issue. In particular, he will focus on the implementation of and compliance to the program. He contends that understanding the best venues for implementation can have useful repercussions throughout the developing world, where economic and social rights can be difficult to enforce.
Future Plans: After graduation, Mr. Robinson plans to work on public interest litigation in India.
BA, Graduated Senior, Political Science
Project Title: “ India: 1975 Emergency and Civil Liberties Today”
Ms. Raza plans to investigate India’s 1975’s state of emergency as a lens for understanding contemporary difficulties in balancing civil liberties and national security.
When Indira Ghandi declared a state of emergency on June 26, 1975 many interpreted her actions as a desperate attempt to maintain power in the face of the invalidation of her recent election. Ms. Raza hopes to use primary sources to research the events leading up to, and implications of this 19 month period. She hopes particularly to investigate the gross suspension of civil liberties. Her research has important value in understanding challenges which face India today, including the enactment of the Prevention of Terrorism Act which is uncomfortably reminiscent of some of Ghandi’s measures.
Future Plans: Ms. Raza plans to attend law school before pursuing a career in non-profit work on civil and political rights.
BA, Graduated Senior, Ethics, Politics & Economics and Engineering
Project Title: “Understanding International Relations from the Perspective of the Chinese Intellectual Tradition”
Ms. Cox will be studying the Chinese perspective and basis for reasoning solutions to controversial problems.
This philosophical approach will address the core of Chinese international relations by attempting to see the world through the lens of the Chinese. Ms. Cox’s research will give her a firm grounding in Chinese philosophy. Ms. Cox also plans to engage the Chinese population in order to understand what globalization means for them. At the end of her project, she plans to do intense research into the current Chinese stance on international topics ranging from technology to the environment.
Future Plans: Ms. Cox’s ultimate career goals include a J.D. specializing in international science policy.
PhD, Political Science
Project Title: “Itra-ANC Politics and Redistribution”
Ms. Tebeau will focus her research on the inequalities of the distribution of wealth in South Africa.
In particular, she will focus on the African National Congress’s failure to represent the interest of its poorer constituents. While the ANC claims to represent the black Africans majority in South Africa, it has failed to address the needs of those living in the most dire poverty with greater distributive policies. In fact, some would argue that inequalities have increased since the ANC took power in 1994. Ms. Tebeau hopes to explain why the ANC hasn't redistributed more by looking at intra-party politics, addressing why the ANC has not reached out to this significant portion of the population, and why they have not needed to, despite being democratically elected.
Future Plans: Ms. Tebeau hopes to pursue a career in political and policy study of South Africa, at the US State Department, in academia, or at a think tank.
MA, African Studies
Project Title: “The History and Memory of the Xhosa Cattle-Killing”
Mr. Offenburger will research the historiography of the Xhosa Cattle-Killing of 1856-1857 and what this event means in contemporary South Africa.
In April 1856, a Xhosa prophet in South Africa’s Eastern Cape frontier received a message from spirits urging that “..all cattle now living must be slaughtered”. This began the cattle-killing movement which eventually broke Xhosa resistance to colonial expansion and domination. Mr. Offenburger’s research asks how this event is remembered in South Africa today. He plans to conduct extensive interviews and surveys in order to further his research into the memory and history of the cattle-killings.
Future Plans: Mr. Offenburger plans to pursue a PhD in African studies and become a professor in the field.
PhD, Political Science
Project Title: “The Third Wave Reversed: Undercurrents of Authoritarianism in Post-Soviet Russia”
Mr. Person’s work seeks to address Russia’s post-Soviet movement from a democratic regime to an authoritarian one.
In his research Mr. Person will work to place Russia on a spectrum somewhere between the binary definitions of democracy and dictatorship. His explanation of variation in regime type within Russia over time will include analysis of popular opinion toward authoritarian measures as well as the conditions that lead rulers to impose such measures. Through interviews with Russian elites and surveys among Russian citizens, Mr. Person hopes to address the levels of demand and tolerance for authoritarianism. Such an understanding will provide insight into regime transition throughout the post-Soviet region.
Future Plans: Mr. Person plans to pursue an academic career at a research university.
2006-2007 Fox International Fellows Incoming to Yale University
Max Kade Scholar
Economics, Free University, Berlin, Germany
Research Interest: Renewable energy and international competitiveness
Ms. Jordan’s research focuses on the complexities of the linkages between governmental programs and international competitiveness in renewable energy markets; specifically in Japan, Germany and the United States.
It is clear that one of the greatest challenges of the coming decade will be how to provide sufficient energy in an economically efficient and sustainable way. Each of the aforementioned countries has implemented innovative instruments to promote renewable energy and all three have substantial shares in international renewable energy markets. Some of Ms. Jordan’s main areas of research are how these markets are affected by government intervention, what kinds of linkages exist between instruments to promote renewable energy use and international competitiveness in this market segment, and whether the possible linkages between governmental instruments and international competitiveness are intentional.
Future Plans: Following further research in Japan, Ms. Jordan hopes to be a future leader in German foreign and energy policy.
Economics, Free University, Berlin, Germany
Research Interest: The Economic theory of Symbolic Values
Mr. Neher’s research is focused on formulating a theory of symbolic values that accounts for social behavioral incentives in economic theory.
Culture is a multidimensional phenomenon varying over time and space. It is a crucial factor in determining economic outcomes. However the specific influence of different cultural phenomena is little understood. The same hold true for the source of cultural variation. In his work, Mr. Neher introduces a system of symbolic values into an otherwise standard neoclassical setting, thereby modeling social interdependencies. He addresses the question under what circumstances values influence the material allocations in a society and how values change over time in response to changing material conditions. The Theory of Symbolic Values will be applied to two particular areas; changing female labor supply over time and centralized, state planned value setting. This second field might be particularly interesting in the light of questions of integration and democratization.
Future Plans: Mr. Neher plans to pursue a career in policy formulation and implementation at a federal ministry.
International Relations, El Colegio de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Research Interest: Peace building Commission in El Salvador and Haiti
Mr. Dewar will focus his research on the analysis of the UN’s role in peace building processes in order to determine the challenges ahead for the newly created United Nations Peace Building Commission (PBC).
Mr. Dewar plans to use the experiences of El Salvador and Haiti as case studies for discerning what factors determine success or failure in a peace building mission. While El Salvador may be considered a positive outcome since free elections were held and the country did not relapse into conflict, Haiti may be seen as a negative outcome due to the necessity of a UN return following its initial 2000 departure. Mr. Dewar will identify characteristics that are essential to a successful peace building/ peace keeping operation. He will also investigate the role of International Financial Institutions in peace building, as they will participate in some meetings of the PBC.
Future Plans: Mr. Dewar plans to pursue a career serving his country as a specialist in international peace and security within the UN framework.
Economics, El Colegio de Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
Research Interest: Growth and convergence among Mexican states
Mr. Ordonez will research the applicability of the theory of cross-country convergence to cross-state convergence in Mexican states.
The theory of convergence posits that low initial income countries grow faster than high initial income countries. Mr. Ordonez hopes to apply this theory to intra-country states in his home country of Mexico. While this theory has been applied to Mexican States before using a traditional approach, Mr. Ordonez will follow a more nuanced methodology to conduct his research. In doing so, he plans to answer key questions regarding the polarization of rich and poor states in Mexico and the formation of two separate convergence clubs. He hopes to determine what economic structures produce these dynamics and what features of cross-country interaction generate polarization and stratification.
Future Plans: Mr. Ordonez plans to work for the Mexican government before pursuing a PhD in economics.
International Studies, Sidney Sussex College at Cambridge University, United Kingdom
Research Interest: Free trade and NAFTA
Ms. Mukim will focus her research on potential impact of a China-India free trade agreement which is currently being negotiated.
In agreements such as NAFTA and SAFTA, regional trading partners have been lowering barriers to trade and investment flows despite confusing economic arguments and clear domestic disagreements. If a similar agreement is reached between China and India, the implications for international trade will be great. The benefits and pitfalls of such an agreement are worthy of study and Ms. Mukim hopes to be one of the first scholars to take an in depth look at possibilities of such an important trade landmark.
Future Plans: Ms. Mukim hopes to continue her studies at Cambridge in a PhD program. Her career plans include directing trade policy formation at the national level in India.
History, Sidney Sussex College at Cambridge University, United Kingdom
Research Interest: US Policy and the limiting process in Korea
Ms. Phillips will be researching and writing an up to date analysis of the Korean War.
As the United States’ first modern limited war, the Korean conflict holds an important place in the history of American foreign policy and defense. However, it has received relatively little scholarly attention. In her work, Ms. Phillips hope to re-evaluate the conflict, addressing the wide issue of interaction between Kennan’s doctrine of containment, NSC-68 and the theory of the ‘zero-sum’ game. She also plans to probe the Anglo-American relationship during the war. Ms. Phillips believes this research will offer her a unique insight into US foreign policy as well as providing an interesting parallel between the Truman and Bush administrations.
Future Plans: After completing her PhD, Ms. Phillips hopes to embark on a career in the diplomatic service.
History, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Research Interest: ‘Libyan Problem ’ in the 1980’s
Mr. Bartenev will examine the nature, the scope and the different dimensions of the “Libyan threat” in the last decade of the Cold War era, focusing on the methods the most threatened powers implemented to contain it.
“The Libyan problem” refers to an American-invented notion of the threat posed by expansionist, subversive and terrorism-supportive policies that characterized Libya since Qaddafi’s ascension to power. Mr. Bartenev will investigate how Ronald Reagan’s election and hard-line course towards Libya, along with Libya’s invasion of Chad and a dramatic increase in Libyan-sponsored terrorist activities, brought this “problem” to the international forefront. He will study American, French, Soviet and Israeli perceptions of Libya as well as their Libya-related interactions. Mr. Bartenev contends that in-depth analysis of these issues is extremely relevant to the recent reengagement of Libya into the world community and the urgent need for elaborating effective coercion strategies towards terrorism-supporting, WMD-seeking and otherwise aggressive regimes such as Iran and North Korea.
Future Plans: Mr. Bartenev hopes to pursue a career as a professor of history and international relations.
Economics, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Research Interest: Economic growth in Russia and Eastern Europe
Ms. Vasilyeva will be researching the economic perspectives of Russia and Eastern European countries.
Specifically, she will address how these countries have transitioned to market economies following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Ms. Vasilyeva will also perform a comparative analysis of corporate management in these countries and find the new schemes of implementation of the international management experience into Russian practice.
Future Plans: Ms. Vasilyeva looks forward to a career in economics.
Political Science, Sciences Po, Paris, France
Research Interest: US policy toward Central Asia
Mr. Chaudet’s research examines U.S. foreign policy in Central Asia as a lens for analyzing American foreign policy more broadly speaking.
Central Asia is defined as the countries of Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kirghizstan and Kazakhstan. Mr. Chaudet argues that this region is an especially relevant area of focus following the events of September 11th, as Central Asia has become the front line for the U.S. led war on terror. Central Asia also serves as a valuable area to consider when studying changes in U.S. foreign policy following the Cold War, as independent countries in the region are comprised of territory which was previously a part of the USSR. While at Yale, Mr. Chaudet hopes to make use of the many research opportunities available to him both here in New Haven and in Washington D.C.
Future Plans: Mr. Chaudet hopes to pursue an international academic career at an American or European university.
Political Science, Sciences Po, Paris, France
Research Interest: Vietnam and the Soviet Union
Ms. Marangé’s research focuses on a comparative analysis of Soviet and Vietnamese constructions of ‘the enemy within’ during post-war periods (1945-1956 for the Soviet Union and 1975-1986 for Vietnam) and explores the outbreak of racism in communist countries.
Ms. Marangé’s is particularly interested in the ethnicization of internal enemy categories, as well as in the diffusion of Soviet ideology and social control system in Vietnam. She shows that the post-war period in both countries presents striking similarities both in the categorization and the treatment of internal enemies, and in the way they were represented in propaganda. She contends that these analogies are mainly due to the nature of the socialist project as well as to the Soviet influence in Vietnam. By working chiefly on sources in Vietnamese and in Russian, Ms. Marangé’s thesis insists on the role of law and propaganda in defining the enemy. It also sheds new light on the political history of both countries (ethnic repression and crackdowns on delinquency) and on the cultural history of communism, while helping to elucidate the nature of the Soviet-Vietnamese cooperation and the specificities of Vietnamese communism after 1975.
Future Plans: Ms. Marangé plans to pursue a career in academia.
Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Research Interest: Small-scale forestry in Southern China and sustainable development
The focus of Mr. Liu’s research is on the challenges extremely small scale forestry presents to China’s sustainable development.
Extremely small scale forestry refers to collective forestry in Southern China in which every farmer has all the management rights, excluding ownership, to a small area of forest. While this style of forest management has many advantages, it has also presented both economic and environmental problems for China. Mr. Liu hopes to research methods that may alleviate some of these pressing concerns, including eco-compensation for reforestation and cooperation associations. His work will have practical implications in policy making and environmental protection strategies in Southern China.
Future Plans: Mr. Liu hopes to pursue a research career in Environmental Economics and Management at a university or research center.
Journalism, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Research Interest: Political images of China on Capitol Hill (1990-2005)
Mr. Shen hopes to examine the political images of China in U.S. Congress since 1990 and analyze how such images have affected US-China relations.
Mr. Shen’s research will examine the complicated interaction between Congress and the media; how the media influences Congressional images of China and, inversely, how Congress uses the media to disseminate its position on China. He will use three case studies to further probe his topic, including the debate on Taiwan, human rights and the trade relationship between the two countries. Mr. Shen hopes to make use of these case studies, broader historical analysis and interviews with members of Congress and their assistants in his research.
Future Plans: After completing his PhD, Mr. Shen hopes to pursue a career in teaching and research at Fudan University.
Hoi Yee Fu
Social and International Studies, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Research Interest: Indigenous environmental management and the interethnic relationship of Fulani pastoralists and Nupe Agriculturalist in central Nigeria
Ms. Fu is studying the resource driven relationship of two distinct ethnic groups in central Nigeria.
The Fulani pastoralists and Nupe agriculturalists have maintained a symbiotic relationship even as competitiveness for scare resources has driven similar relationships in Western Africa into collapse and sometimes violence. Ms. Fu believes the Fulani/Nupe approach to resource management may provide important information about the potential of indigenous practices and institutions in environmental management and resource conflict resolution. She has already conducted significant field work in Nigeria, focusing her research on indigenous practices in such domains as land system, irrigation, dispute resolution and ongoing linkages between the two groups.
Future Plans: Ms. Fu hopes to pursue a career with international organizations focusing on sustainable development. She is also interested in a career in academia.
Area Studies, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
Research Interest: US-Japan Diplomatic Relations during the two World Wars
Ms. Mimaki’s work is focused on obtaining a more nuanced understanding of the relationship between the United States and Japan during World Wars I and II.
Historians have traditionally seen the US-Japan relationship from WWI until the end of the WWII as antagonistic with little common ground. These scholars tend to paint the two countries as having entirely different world views that were incompatible with one another. Ms. Mimaki seeks to refine this position by examining the role of WWI settlement failures in the ultimate Japanese decision to break the post WWI order, despite attempts at compromise. She also hopes to look at the role of this hard lesson in creating a more effective peace following WWII, including the formation of the United Nations.
Future Plans: Ms. Mimaki hopes to become a professor focusing on Japan’s diplomacy and US-Japan relations in the 20th century.
Economics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, India
Research Interest: Internet law
Mr. Kanakaraj plans to research the problems of constructing efficient rules for regulating the internet.
One of the major problems facing internet regulation is optimal deterrent. While the benefits of illegal activities on the internet, or cyber crimes are private, the possible consequences of such crimes are enormous and public. Several characteristics of the internet create roadblocks to monitoring, analyzing and deterring cyber crimes. Anonymity and multiple victims are two such major issues. Mr. Kanakaraj's research will further explore the complexity of creating effective cyber crime legislation given these impediments. As the internet becomes an ever more important international tool, efficient rules will have far reaching effects.
Future Plans: Mr. Kanakaraj plans to pursue a career in law and economics research and teaching.
International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi, India
Research Interest: International financial regulation and global administrative law
Mr. Syam is planning to research the disconnect between the globalization of financial services and the localization of their regulatory regimes.
In particular Mr. Syam hopes to discover if international financial regulatory institutions can be made more participative and transparent in their functioning when the principles of the evolving global administrative laws are applied to such organizations. His primary focus is on mechanisms that constitute the international financial architecture, including the Basle Committee on Banking Supervision and the International Association of Insurance Supervisors. Mr. Syam believes it is important to bring such organizations into the jurisdiction of international law without lessening their efficacy.
Future Plans: Mr. Syam hopes to pursue a career in academia as well as policy research on issues pertaining to international financial regulation.
Social Science, The University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Research Interest: Dynamics of HIV-serostatus disclosure in South African
Mr. Almeleh’s research focuses on the impact and importance of HIV disclosure in South Africa.
He will investigate in what ways the experience of positive HIV-serostatus disclosure reflects the relationship between the socio-economic and cultural context of HIV/AIDS in South Africa and the experience of living with HIV/AIDS. Using the African township of Khayelitsha as a case study, he will utilize qualitative data in the form of in-depth interviews and focus group discussions to complement quantitative data from surveys on the long-term impact of anti-retroviral treatment. Through his research Mr. Almeleh hopes to understand the complex social context of AIDS in South Africa in order to develop new and support existing effective treatment, prevention and adherence strategies.
Future Plans: Mr. Almeleh looks forward to a career in international development, specifically in the fields of poverty and health.
Economics and Social Science Research, The University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Research Interest: HIV and AIDS-Related Stigma in the Western Cape
Mr. Maughan Brown will research the factors which underpin HIV and AIDS related stigma, as well as the social psychological effects of stigma in the South African context.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic is one of the largest challenges facing the global community today. Since its onset, HIV/AIDS has been coupled with great stigma and discrimination, both factors that can serve as roadblocks to treatment and prevention. Mr. Maughan Brown contends that by understanding stigma and its causes, researchers will be better prepared to combat stigma and its harmful effects. Research findings will also inform government HIV prevention campaigns, which can give unclear or even stigmatizing messages about HIV/AIDS.
Future Plans: Mr. Maughan Brown plans to pursue a career coordinating an anti-stigma campaign in South Africa while continuing to research poverty and inequality and lecture on research methods.
From Boğaziçi University, Turkey
Modern Turkish History, Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey
Research Interest: Land occupation and peasant resistance in Turkey in the 1960’s and 1970’s
Mr. Gurel's research is about the peasant mobilization for land reform in Turkey during the 1960s and 1970s.
During this period in modern Turkish history, peasants attempted to implement their own method of reform through land occupation after conflict arose as to the best course of action concerning state owned lands. Mr. Gurel plans to perform a cross cultural comparison between the land tenure system and peasant political orientation in Turkey with rural structures and peasant politics in other countries and regions that have experienced similar movements. He hopes his research will help correct the largely urban based treatment of the social movements of the period, in addition to giving a more comprehensive analysis of the discussions on land reform in Turkey.
Future Plans: Mr. Gurel plans to pursue an academic career.
Law, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Research Interest: Immigration law
Ms. Kritzman’s research focuses on the creation of a new legal category for refugees who are motivated to immigrate due to extreme financial constraints.
Basing her work on the belief in a state’s moral obligation to non citizens in dire circumstances, Ms. Kritzman is arguing that immigrants whose immigration is a result of constraint should receive international protection. Ms. Kritzman has come to realize the insufficiencies of current legal mechanisms in offering protection to these immigrants through her own work with refugees and asylum seekers. Her work will include conversations with prominent legal scholars at Yale. As the only legal scholar working on refugee law in Israel, Ms. Krtizman is planning to utilize all the resources available to her this year.
Future Plans: Ms. Kritzman is looking forward to a career at the academy as a legal scholar.
Political Science, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Research Interest: Israeli collective memory and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict (1948-2004)
Mr. Nets is focusing his research on the process of transformation of collective memories of conflicts in general and in the Israeli collective memory of the Arab-Israeli conflict in particular.
Collective memories of conflicts are essential determinants of the attitudes, emotions, motivations and behavior of parties involved in intractable conflicts towards each other. Usually, these collective memories are antagonistic towards the rival, and thus they prevent de-escalation of the conflict and its resolution. Therefore, transformation of these collective memories is of importance in order to advance peace in the world. Mr. Nets developed the first model of transformation of collective memories of conflicts. He will examine and validate this model while referring to the Israeli collective memory regarding two case studies: the 1948 Palestinian refugees and the 1949-56 Arab Infiltrators. Mr. Nets believes that his research can contribute to the theoretical understanding and practical implementation of transformations in collective memories of conflicts in general, and of the Arab-Israeli conflict in particular.
Future Plans: Mr. Nets plans to pursue a career in the academic community in which he will work towards advancing peace and healing societies involved in intractable conflicts.