2004-2005 Fox International Fellows Outgoing from Yale University

To the Freie University, Berlin

Edward Kehler
Max Kade Scholar
Ph.D., 4th year, History
Project Title: "The German Democratic Republic and the Polish Crises, 1970-1982"

Mr. Kehler will research the impact of the Polish free trade union movement (Solidarity) on the German Democratic Republic (GDR) and the responses of the East German Communist (SED) regime and its citizens to the Polish Crises. Paradoxically, while the East German government reacted strongly to the Solidarity movement, the East German public seems to have remained largely indifferent to events in Poland. Mr. Kehler will analyze why the events in Poland failed to produce a significant reaction from either dissident groups or the broader East German public, and evaluate the efficacy of the GDR regime’s methods of repression and internal control. Mr. Kehler’s project raises and examines several larger issues of concern to historians of the GDR: the role, function, and attitude of the GDR within the Warsaw Pact alliance; the extent to which the East German regime was capable of shaping public opinion within its borders; the persistence of old German biases against Poles and the willingness of the East German regime to exploit those prejudices against a fraternal communist nation; the apparent relative passivity of East German dissident leaders; and the question of whether or not Solidarity played any direct role in the ultimate collapse of the GDR.

During his time as a Fox Fellow, Mr. Kehler will consult with faculty at Free University and research a variety of archives, among them the Bundesarchiv in Berlin

Future plans: Mr. Kehler hopes to become a professor of modern German and Central European history.


To Sidney Sussex College of Cambridge University, England

glaurdicJosip Glaurdic
Ph.D., 3rd Year, Political Science
Project Title: "In Search of Europe’s Soul: EU and the Balkans from Yugoslav Dissolution to Stabilization and Association"

Mr. Glaurdic will trace the interaction between the development of the EU’s foreign policy mechanisms and its involvement in the Balkans from the time of Yugoslav dissolution to the Stabilization and Association Process currently underway. Although a great number of international events helped shape the development of the EUs non-economic mechanisms of international influence, the Union’s Balkan experience have arguably had the most profound impact on its vision of Europe’s role as a cohesive international actor. Mr. Glaurdic contends that despite all the weaknesses the EU exhibited in the Balkans and the resulting doubts about the prospect for greater integration of European foreign and security policies, the case of the former Yugoslavia demonstrated that the EU needs a common foreign policy, and that the organization is capable of - however slowly - learning from its mistakes, adjusting its policies, and growing into its own vision charted in Maastricht.

At Cambridge, Mr. Glaurdic will consult with the Centre of International Studies, the Jean Monet European Centre of Excellence and affiliated faculty.

Future plans: Mr. Glaurdic hopes to have either a career as a professor or in the foreign service.


krugerDaniel Kruger
Graduating Senior, History
Project Title: "Swastikas in Shamrocks: The Extent of German Operations in Ireland During the Second World War"

Mr. Kruger will analyze the full extent of German WWII activities in Ireland and describe the supporting roles played by the Irish civilian population, Irish government, and Irish subversive groups. He argues that the prevailing public mood in Ireland was favorable enough to the German cause to permit sustained German espionage activity in the country. Mr. Kruger hopes to show that that members of the Irish government - working with the head of the illegal and subversive Irish Republican Army (IRA) - secretly contacted and sheltered Hermann Goertz, a covert German operative in the country, for a period of over a year. He will also MI5 sources to put forward a more complete picture of German cooperation with the IRA, and the motivations for this relationship.

At Cambridge will research the papers or among others Robert Cecil, Lord Cranborne, wartime Secretary of State for the Dominion, and Sir Stephen Gaselee.

Future plans: Mr. Kruger will pursue a career in international law or diplomacy.


Camilla Schofield
Ph.D., History, 3rd year, History
Project Title: "Like the Roman: Enoch Powell and the Transformation of British Conservatism"

Ms. Schofield will explore the political outlook of Enoch Powell, a controversial former British MP, known for his anti-immigration views. Ms. Schofield contends that his position, and the support it gained among some of his constituency, marks a breaking point in the culture of Britain’s right-wing and serves as an ideal means by which to enter into tracking the emergence of the New Right. Further research into Powell’s thinking promises to serve as an avenue into studying the moral vision of High Toryism and the New Right, the relationships drawn between religion, decency, and law-and-order, and the development of policies on immigration control and integration. These issues, and their lineage, clearly have significance in Britain today. Ms. Schofield hopes her research into Powell and Powellism, will contribute to current debates surrounding immigration policy and national identity.

As a Fox Fellow, Ms. Schofield will research, among others, the Churchill Archives Centre at Churchill College, Cambridge and the Birmingham City Archive.

Future plans: Ms. Schofield will seek an academic position in history. She also hopes to become involved in immigration policy-making.


To El Colegio de México, Mexico

fennellKatherine Fennell
Graduating Senior, History and International Studies
Project Title: "The Memory of ’68 and Organization of Institutional Leftist Opposition"

Ms. Fennell will study the origins of the institutional left wing opposition in Mexico which emerged at the end of the 1980s, by tracing its connection to the 1968 student movement and the Tlatelolco Massacre. Through interviews and documentary research, she will show how the opposition emerged, how it related to other opposition groups and how it crystallized into the Patrido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD). Ms. Fennell argues that the shared experience of 1968 was significant in the reorganization of the Left in 1988, both in that it gave the organizers know-how with respect to opposition action and in that it served as further fodder for discontent.

Future plans: Ms. Fennell will pursue a PhD in Latin American History.


riesNicole Ries
Graduating Senior, Political Science
Project Title: "Popular Movements and Political Change in Mexico: A Case Study of the Women’s Movement and Neo-liberal Reform"

Ms Ries proposes to conduct systematic field research examining the fundamental changes in state-society relations as a result of popular movements through the lens of one specific case: the women’s movement in Mexico City. She wishes to investigate how such popular movements transform their strategies, what political tools they use to do so, and how their demands affect policy decisions. She will assess the ways in which local women’s movements have mobilized in reaction to neo-liberal reforms, and the response of the state to their demands.

At El Colegio de Mexico, Ms. Ries will study under the guidance of Professor Mercedes Barquet Montane at the Colegio’s Programa Interdisciplinario de Estudios de la Mujer (PIEM).

Future plans: Ms. Ries will pursue a career in international law and public policy.


Louise Walker
Ph.D., 3rd year, History
Project Title: "Mexico City, Ruptured: Political and Economic Fault Lines, 1982-1997"

Ms. Walker is pursuing a study of the intersection of late capitalism, political culture and urban space in Mexico City between the 1982 economic crash and the first-ever municipal elections in 1997. Her research suggests that in spite of the increase in popular mobilisation after the earthquake , a changing municipal power structure and a new political culture undermined the democratic representation achieved by residents. She employs an innovative interdisciplinary methodology that integrates a historical study of political culture and economics with a spatial analysis of the changing urban geography. Her local treatment of more widespread, global changes seeks to understand the interaction of democracy, capitalism and political culture in the late twentieth century.

As a Fox Fellow, Ms. Walker will research archives, such as the National Newspaper Archive, and interview participants in the citizen organizations, government policy-makers, architects and developers.

Future plans: Ms. Walker hopes to become a professor of history.


To the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), France

Rafael Mason
School of Law, 2nd year, JD
Project Title: "French and US Antidiscrimination Law and Policy: A Comparative Perspective"

Mr. Mason will analyze to what extent have both France and the US failed and succeeded in protecting and integrating racial minorities into their national societies and economies. The goal is not to suggest that one society transplant the policies of another, but that as these policies are being revisited and revised in both states, it is perhaps useful to look to one another as liberal, democratic nations that both pride themselves on striving towards ideals of equality and freedom. The US and France both have a great deal to gain by understanding how each has struggled to better integrate subordinated racial and ethnic groups into the national economy and society.

At Sciences Po, Mr. Mason will work closely with Professor Daniel Sabbagh. With Professor Sabbagh’s support he will work as a research fellow in an interdisciplinary research group at Sciences Po devoted to the subject of "Antidiscrimination Policies in Comparative Perspective."

Future Plans: Mr. Mason will pursue a career in legal academia focusing on comparative antidiscrimination law and race policy.


pittCatherine Pitt
Graduating Senior, International Studies and History
Project Title: "French Decolonization, Public Memory, and Contemporary Politics"

As a Fox Fellow, Ms. Pitt will focus on the impact of France’s process of decolonization on its contemporary worldview. She hopes to explore the construction of memory surrounding France’s difficult colonial and decolonization experiences and the use and influence of these memories on contemporary politics. With a focus on memories of the Algerian War, she will also consider memories and references to other colonial wars of independence, particularly as they relate to issues beyond the Middle East.

Future plans: Ms. Pitt hopes to enter government service and academia.


To the University of Tokyo

kimJung Kim
Ph.D., 2nd year, Political Science
Project Title: "The Transformation of Political Parties in Japan After Electoral Reform"

Mr. Kim will explore whether or not electoral reform transforms clientelist parties into programmatic parties in Japan. His research aims to explain why changes in Japan’s electoral rules have not transformed Japanese politics in the way scholars expected. By taking the differences in voter preferences across districts as an intervening variable - how rural or how urban are the districts -his research shows that the strategies of parties may not converge on a national "median voter" as standard theories suggest.

While at the University of Tokyo, Mr. Kim will gather district-level demographic and voting data, and interact with Japanese political scientists working on the same issues.

Future plans: Mr. Kim will seek a university level teaching position.


2004-2005 Fox International Fellows Incoming to Yale University

From Freie University, Berlin

kemmerlingAchim Kemmerling
Max Kade Scholar
Ph.D., 2nd year , Political Science
Project Title: "The Social Dimension of an Eastward Enlargement of the EU"

Mr. Kemmerling will research the potential risks of the EU enlargement process for national welfare states. Using tools from political economy and rational choice theory, Mr. Kemmerling will place national welfare states in the context of the EU enlargement process, analyze the consequences of enlargement for national welfare states, highlight the major challenges of enlargement for national social security systems, detail the consequence of national conflict areas for the evolution of the EU and conclude with policy recommendations that strike a political balance between the social costs and economic benefits of an enlarged EU.

While at Yale, Mr. Kemmerling hopes to become actively involved in the work of the George Walter Leitner Program in International and Comparative Economy.

Future Plans: After becoming an expert on social policy Mr. Kemmerling will seek a position in academia or with an international organization.


kunzCarmen Kunz
Ph.D., 2nd year, International Relations and History
Project Title: "Images of Japan in the USA at the Turn of the 19th/20th Century"

Ms. Kunz’s research project analyzes America’s perceptions, attitudes, motives, interests, ideological and political concepts and strategies with regard to Japan. It follows their developments over time and in interaction with their Japanese counterparts, taking also into account changes in the international system from Japan’s "opening" to the end of the Roosevelt/Taft administrations. This period is of particular importance since it is a time when the US began to play an active and important role in the world arena and in Asia in particular. Among the questions Ms. Kunz hopes to answer are, what images of Japan and the Japanese were picked out as central themes or perhaps even created in the US, and did these images have an impact on policy making.

Ms. Kunz looks forward to using Yale’s rich library resources and consulting with numerous professors among them Paul Kennedy and Frances Rosenbluth.

Future plans: After completing her Ph.D. , Ms. Kunz hopes to work for an international organization such as one of the UN organizations.


From El Colegio de México, Mexico

arias-vazquezFrancisco Arias-Vazquez
MA., 2nd year, Economics
Project Title: "Inequality, Democracy and Growth: A Political Economy Approach to Latin-American Countries"

As a Fox Fellow, Mr. Arias-Vazquez’s goal is to gain a better understanding of the sources and solutions to inequality. He will approach the problem by taking into account the role of economic growth and the process of democratization that has taken place in most Latin American countries since the mid-seventies. Using many of the recently developed political economy analytical models Francisco will conduct empirical analysis based on cross-country data of developing countries. He hopes his research will contribute to a better understanding of the sources of inequality and lead to an improved design of programs for poverty alleviation.At Yale, Mr. Arias-Vazquez will make use of the rich library resources, including the Social Science Library, focusing specifically on statistical data from different Latin American countries. He also hopes to consult with Professor Gustav Ranis and Professor John Roemer.

Future plans: Mr. Arias-Vazquez hopes to become a university professor.


pedrozaLuicy Pedroza
Graduating Senior, International Relations
Project Title: "The Formation of Democratic Values in Mexico (1990-2003)"

Ms. Pedroza’s proposal will analyze the effort to build a democratic political culture in Mexico.

Her research was brought on by her observation that many in Mexico are pessimistic about the possibility of democracy taking root. The central questions she hopes to answer are if it is possible for the government to shorten the gap between the values and attitudes of Mexican society ? Are there attitudes and habits that must be present in society in order for democracy to be stable ? What could be the strategy for strengthening institutions that promote the confidence of citizens in democracy as a process?

At Yale, Ms. Pedroza will conduct theoretical research which will serve as a basis to the field research she will go on to carry out in Mexico.

Future plans: Ms. Pedroza will go on to a doctoral program after which she hopes to work in government agencies and/or in NGOs directed toward the strengthening of democracy in Mexico.


From Sidney Sussex College of Cambridge University, England

buckleyPhilippa Buckley
Graduating Senior, Social and Political Sciences

While at Yale, Ms. Buckley will research the US government’s attitude toward and role in humanitarian intervention. She will investigate what role the US might play in today’s world protecting the rights of citizens vis—a-vis their governments in the context of a web of international conventions, agreements and organizations. Among the questions she seeks answers to are to what extent does the Bush administration see this as a priority, if at all? If so, for what reasons? And what is its vision for the practicalities of carrying out this role, if it indeed has one?

Ms. Buckley is interested in witnessing American domestic politics personally, since it is her belief that a proper understanding of US foreign policy can only be gained from within the country. Ms. Buckley is interested in the work of the International Security Studies program. In particular, she hopes to consult Professor Paul Kennedy and Professor John Lewis Gaddis.

Future plans: Ms. Buckley plans to enter British politics.


fearnleyAndrew Fearnley
Ph.D., 1st year, History
Project Title: "Race, Insanity and Incarceration in the United States, c.1890-1940"

Despite the prodigious amount written on the issue of race in the United States, and the history of mental health generally, it is surprising that scholars have failed to combine these two areas of enquiry. Mr.Fearnley's research hopes to begin bringing these two fields together to investigate how American society treated those minority groups, and especially African Americans, which had been classified as insane. Looking at how African Americans were diagnosed as being mentally ill, why certain characteristics came to be accepted as indicators of insanity, and how such decisions were invariably motivated by racialised beliefs, is the essence of this project. Whilst seeking to recapture a very human story about the processes and consequences of living one's life as black and insane, the project will also show how the broader intellectual currents of psychiatry were heavily racialised and in turn, molded popular ideas about race and normalcy in mid-century American society. It is hoped that such reseach will pose questions about the governmentality of racialism, and the symbiotic relationship that has developed between two poweful, ideological forces: namely, science and race. And in light of current caustic debates over 'race-based' drugs like the FDA-approved BiDil, the project is certainly timely.At Yale, Mr. Fearnley hopes to work with members of the History of Medicine, African-American, and American Studies programmes, in particular Professors Glenda Gilmore, Alondra Nelson, and Paul Gilroy. He also hopes to make extensive use of the resources of the Yale Medical School and Beinecke Library, as well as consulting state archives throughout the country. A field-hockey enthusiast, Mr. Fearnley also hopes to assist with training the Ladies' Varsity Field Hockey Team during the Fall semester

Future Plans: Upon completing his doctorate, Mr. Fearnley hopes to embark upon a career in academia, whilst pursuing his concurrent interest in legal and government policy advising.


From Moscow State University, Russia

klotukhinaNatalia Kolotukhina
Ph.D., 2nd year, History
Project Title: "The Perceptions of a New World Order in the field of American Political Science in the Last Decade of the XX Century"

As a Fox Fellow, Ms. Kolotukhina will examine the numerous international relations theories which seek to explain the post Cold War international system. She wants to know what, if any, impact these theories have had on real life politics. The goal of her research is to create one more building block for the foundation of good US-Russian relations. A better understanding of each others intentions lessens tension and helps to increase the level of confidence between two nations and encourages international stability. At Yale, she is especially interested in taking part in the programs of the International Security Studies Center and in consulting with Professors Paul Kennedy and Professor John Lewis Gaddis.

Future plans: Ms. Kolotukhina hopes to work for the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.


logashovaDarya Logashova
MA, Sociology
Project Title: "Human Resources Management in Private Enterprise in Russia"

As a fairly young modern market economy, Russia has yet to work out many labor legislation issues. Ms. Logashova’s research will focus on one of those issues, HR management policies, the benefits of which are increasingly recognized in Russia. She hopes her research will help increase output and productivity of private enterprise, which is beginning to play an increasingly important role in the economic life of Russia.

Future plans: Ms. Logashova will pursue a career in management and labor legislation.


From the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), France

zisereBella Zisere
Ph.D., 2nd year, Political Science
Project Title: "Memory of the Holocaust in the Baltic States After Perestroika: Evolution and Instrumentalisations"

Ms. Zisere will analyze the concept of collective memory of a community using as an example the Jewish community in the Baltic states and the Holocaust, one of the strongest founding myths of the collective memory of Baltic Jews. The memory of the Holocaust of the Baltic Jews was shaped by the same general conditions, but today with three different democratic states and with significant emigration, the collective memory of the Holocaust in the Baltics is dispersed and placed in different political and social contexts and corresponds to a certain number of distinguished memories. She will demonstrate the extent to which a complex of shared convictions, ideas, dogmas, recollections, that one can call Collective memory of a population, is a flexible and evolving phenomenon, and extremely sensitive to a political and social context rather than a historic truth. Ms. Zisere is particularly interested in the work of the Genocide Studies Program. While at Yale she also plans to attend classes on ethnic and minority politics.

Future plans: Ms. Zisere hopes to work as a university professor and collaborate with NGO’s which work in the field of Holocaust studies.


From Fudan University, Shanghai

chenLi Chen
Ph.D., 2nd year, Law School
Project Title: "'Non Market Economy' US and EU Anti-dumping laws toward PR China"

Ms. Li will research the Non Market Economy (NME) issue in US and EU anti dumping laws which are a main concern of Chinese exporters. These treatments, which do not take into account micro-economic elements when determining the fair value and dumping margin are rooted in the Cold War and have remained unchanged since China’s accession to the WTO. Using historical and comparative methodologies she will look at the origins of NME, the functions and operations of NME treatment in the US and EU anti-dumping laws toward China and try to find a possible solution. Ms. Chen will try to answer whether or not it is possible to change this discriminatory treatment.

Future plans: Ms. Chen hopes to continue her studies and to advise the Chinese government and Chinese companies that do business in the US and European markets.


Ji Ligang
Ph.D., 2nd year, Law School
Project Title: "Legal Research on Financial Supervision, System and Value: A Comparative Analysis Between China and the US"

The loosening of direct governmental control over China’s financial industry is causing turbulence, making the issue of financial supervision an extremely important one. Mr. Ligang will research the potential for an efficient financial supervision legal framework for China. At Yale, he will analyze the US financial supervision system, its legal and institutional framework, the practical implementation of these regulations, its mechanisms for dealing with financial crises and compare it to that of China. It is his belief that China needs a robust financial supervision system in order to avoid instability and a financial crisis.

Future plans: Mr. Ligang hopes to become a professor and to serve as a government consultant with the aim of advancing the legislation and operation of China’s financial supervision system.


From the University of Tokyo

kandaYutaka Kanda
Ph.D., 1st year, International Relations
Project Title: "The Historical Analysis of Japan’s China Policy in the Period from 1960 to 1972"

With a focus on the diplomacy of the administrations of Ikeda Hayato and Sato Eisaku , Mr. Kanda will research Japan’s China policy in the period from the beginning of the 1960s to the normalization of relations between Japan and China in 1972. His focus while at Yale, will be to examine the international environment surrounding Japan’s diplomacy, primarily US policy toward Asia, which was the most important factor influencing Japan’s China policy. The ultimate goal of Mr. Kanda’s research is to point out the lessons and guides for the future gained from the past history of Japan, so that Japan can contribute to peaceful coexistence in East Asia and the world. Mr. Kanda will make use of Yale’s rich library resources. He also plans to visit the National Archives, and the JFK and Lyndon B. Johnson libraries.

Future plans: Mr. Kanda would like to become an expert on the history of diplomacy of postwar Japan and East Asian international relations.


yokotaniAkira Yokotani
Ph.D., 4th year, Economics.
Project Title: "Analysis of Bank Financing of Firms"

Mr. Yokotani will research bank behavior during financial crises and government attempts to salvage potentially profitable firms. He will apply his research to a study of the current economic crisis in Japan. The research will focus on the role played by the financial sector in causing the crisis, specifically on the problem of inefficient roll over and excessive withdrawal and the decreasing ability of banks to supply credit. Mr. Yokotani hopes his research will be of some relevance to finding a solution to the Japanese crisis. As a Fox Fellow, Mr. Yokotani looks forward to attending seminars and consulting with faculty in the Department of Economics.

Future plans: Mr. Yokotani will continue studying banking and financing theory either in the academy or in research institutions such as the IMF and the World Bank.

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Yale alumni

"By living together with the Fox Fellows, I was able to learn a lot more about other cultures and backgrounds. It seems that all of us have become a lot more open and curious about other cultures, and maybe more tolerant than before. I am sure that we were able to form life-long friendships. Particularly in a time when international relations have become more strained again, personal friendships, ties and networks prove to be of great importance."

Stormy Mildner
from the Free University of Berlin to Yale