2003-2004 Fox International Fellows Outgoing from Yale University

To the Freie University, Berlin

augenhoferSusanne Augenhofer
Max Kade Scholar
L.L.M., Law School
Project Title: "Consumer Protection Law in the US and Europe"

Ms. Augenhofer will examine how consumer protection law is implemented in various legal systems, including Germany. This area is currently subject to intense European and national legislation. She will compare different consumer protection regimes in the US and Europe and try to find out what can be learned from the different approaches and which parts could be most useful on a European level. By doing so she hopes to help find the most creative and balanced solution for legislation on a European level.

Future Plans: Ms. Augenhoffer hopes to become a law professor.


smithJennifer Smith
Ph.D. 5th Year, Political Science
Project Title: "The Professionalization of Election Campaigns"

Ms. Smith's project is a systematic and comparative analysis of the transformation to a "New Style " of campaigning in Germany and Great Britain. The "New Style" method of campaigning relies on the use of mass communications media, professional contractors and candidate personality and party image. Specifically, Ms. Smith will focus on the professionalization of the campaign. Examining the German Christian Democratic and Social Democratic Parties and the British Conservative and Labor Parties and the in the past twenty years, she will evaluate both the causes and the consequences of these changes for citizens' experience of and involvement in the democratic political process.

Future Plans: Ms. Smith plans on becoming a scholar and teacher of European politics.


To Sidney Sussex College of Cambridge University, England

barkerCrispin Barker
Ph.D., 5th Year, History of Medicine and Science
Project Title: "History of International Aging Research and Policy, 1937-1995"

The dramatic global demographic shift brought on by an aging population in a world of limited resources is potentially one of the biggest sources of conflict in the future. Mr. Barker hopes to contribute to our ability to cope with this problem by systematically analyzing the history of aging research and its influence on international policy in the 20th century. Specifically, he will look at how increasing knowledge of the aging process influenced issues such as institutional support for aging research, the creation of a global community on gerontology institutes, and the development of international policy on aging, including the creation of the UN Program on Ageing and the International Plan of Action on Ageing.

At Cambridge, Mr. Barker will work closely with the Cambridge Interdisciplinary Research Centre on Ageing and the British Society for Research on Ageing.

Future Plans: Mr. Barker hopes to combine an academic career with a consulting career as an expert advisor to governments and international organizations such as the UN.


Joshua GuildJoshua Guild (Fall 2003)
Ph.D., 4th year, African-American Studies and History
Project Title: "Migration, Citizenship, and Black Community in Brooklyn, New York and London, England"

Mr. Guild's project explores the parallels between African-American migration to the urban north and West Indian migration to both the United States and Great Britain. Using a comparative historical approach, he will explore how migrant peoples of African descent formed communities in postwar New York City and London, and how fluctuating labor demands, shifting immigration policies and the changing, racialized meanings of citizenship in both the U.S. and Great Britain link the narratives of African- American and West Indian movement and settlement. By considering how the reconfiguration in the world's postwar economies influenced population flows and the subsequent creation of transnational networks of cultural exchange and political mobilization, Mr. Guild hopes his research will open a window into understanding the ongoing process of globalization through the lived experiences of everyday people.

At Cambridge Mr. Guild hopes to work closely with Professor Anthony Badger and consult the Cambridge University Library and also the archival resources in the library of the Institute on Race Relations in London.

Future Plans: Mr. Guild will seek a university teaching position.


kleebScott Kleeb (Spring 2004)
Ph.D., 3rd Year, History
Project Title: "The Atlantic West: Foreign Gold and the Making of the American West"

Mr. Kleeb’s project explores the internationalization of American cattle ranching during the late 19th through the 20th century. His research will show that American ranching, the icon of the American experience, was and is anything but a purely American project. In fact, much of the global financial involvement in cattle ranches originated in Great Britain. Ultimately, Mr. Kleeb’s research will show that American internal expansion during this period depended heavily on global capital investment.

While at Cambridge, Mr. Kleeb will make trips to London, to research the Companies Registration Office, Bush House, Stock Exchange Records, and the Public Records Office.

Future Plans: Mr. Kleeb hopes to teach and write in an academic institution as a professor of history. He hopes to use his academic post to contribute to public discourse.


To El Colegio de México, Mexico

coronaVictor Corona
Graduating Senior, Sociology
Project Title: "End of Technocratic Hegemony in Mexico: 1990-2003"

Mr. Corona will address a key aspect of the debate surrounding the nature of Mexico’s market reforms and its ongoing democratic opening: the role of the intraelite conflict in the transition away from a system characterized by conflict mediation within the confines of a hegemonic ruling party. Specifically he will examine the issue of intraelite factional conflict, involving a foreign-educated technocratic elite and traditional party politicians, within the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in power from 1929-2000. Mr. Corona hopes that the results of his research will contribute to the study of democratization in less developed countries more generally.

Future Plans: Mr. Corona will pursue a PhD in Sociology after which he hopes to engage in public policy work in Washington D.C. and Latin America.


Raphael Folsom
Ph.D., 3rd Year, History
Project Title: "The Search for Common Ground in Northwest Mexico 1600-1700" and "Hemispheric Trade"

While at El Colegio, Mr. Folsom will work on two research projects. The first is a broad social and cultural examination of the advance of the Spanish Empire into the so-called "Spanish Borderlands" region. By analyzing the relationship between the native peoples and the European invaders in these stateless border regions that were ethnically diverse centers of cultural formation, he hopes to contribute to our knowledge of the long-term processes of Mexico’s state formation and the state's contested relations with indigenous peoples and grassroots movements.

Mr. Folsom also intends to complete a volume of essays, tentatively titled "The Hemispheric Trade Debate," on the Free Trade Area of the Americas which grew out of a conference he recently helped organize at Yale. As a Fox Fellow at El Colegio, Mr. Folsom will search the Mexican National Archives, archives of Universidad Iberoamericana, the Mexican National Library and National Institute of Anthropology and History.

Future Plans: Mr. Folsom hopes to become a professor of history.


frauRoberto Frau
M.A./M.E.M., International Relations and Forestry and Environmental Studies
Project Title: "The Links Between Urban Transportation Infrastructure and a City's Economic, Social, and Environmental Development: A Case Study of Mexico City"

Mr. Frau will study Mexico's capital city as an example of the direct, causal relationship between a city's transport infrastructure resources, and the economic, social, and environmental well being of its inhabitants. He will focus on the economic, social and environmental links separately, looking at how provision of roads, subway lines, bus systems, jitneys, etc has contributed to the current conditions in Mexico City in all three respects. By analyzing Mexico City as a model of both failed and successful urban development, Mr. Frau hopes to formulate policy recommendations on transportation management that would be applicable to other urban centers in Latin America.

At El Colegio, Mr. Frau will be affiliated with the Center for Demographic and Urban Development Studies.

Future plans: Mr. Frau will seek a professional position in the field of international development.


To the Fudan University, Shanghai

chenMichelle Chen
Graduating Senior, History
Project Title: "Crossing Boundaries: Politics, Culture, and Community among Rural-Urban Migrant Workers in Contemporary China"

Ms. Chen’s research focuses on the impact of community and outside identities on rural-migrant youth in urban China, with an emphasis on intersections between migrant self-identity and the alienation of migrants in the public imagination. Focusing on young people aged 18 to 30 years she will undertake a study of the social, political and cultural dynamics of population migration, analyzing the formation of new identities and communities in negotiating the rural-urban divide. Her research will be conducted through personal interviews with migrants, ethnographic fieldwork with community and public service organizations, and analysis of media portrayals and demographic data in tandem with scholars in the field. She hopes her project will help foster cross-cultural understanding and, through theoretical and grassroots approaches, help devise solutions to problems in China.

Future plans: Ms. Chen will seek a position with a non profit organization or a research institute. She also hopes to become a journalist.


To Moscow State University, Moscow

mankoffJeffery Mankoff
Ph.D., 4th Year, History
Project Title: "Nationality and Diplomacy: Russia's Western Frontier 1908-1917"

The aim of Mr. Mankoff 's research project is to analyze how Russian policy makers, especially the Foreign Ministry and the military command structures, before and during the First World War, dealt with the challenges to its security posed by potentially disloyal minority groups along its border with her rivals, Austria-Hungary and Germany. By looking into how the government of a multinational state deal with these issues, Mr. Mankoff hopes to draw theoretical conclusions that can be applied to contemporary policy dilemmas , such as those in Chechnya and Bosnia.

Future plans: Mr. Mankoff hopes to work as a national security analyst, either for the US government or for a policy institute.


2003-2004 Fox International Fellows Incoming to Yale University

From Freie University, Berlin

plataPatricia Alvarez-Plata
Ph.D., 2nd Year, Economics
Project Title: "Currency Crises and Political Economy the Case of Latin America"

Ms. Alvarez-Plata will focus her research on the currency crises in emerging market economies. She hopes to strengthen current theoretical models by developing a model which takes into account political factors. Including factors such as electoral timing, political change and structural reforms will significantly strengthen the possibility to explain, and thus predict currency crises. Her empirical analysis will be based on several Latin American countries in which financial turbulence and politics seem to be particularly linked.

At Yale, Ms. Alvarez-Plata will conduct research in several of Yale's libraries, including Sterling, the Cowles Foundation Library and the Economic Growth Center library. She will also attend the Macroeconomic Workshop, the Workshop in Trade and Development and consult with several prominent faculty members of Yale's Department of Economics.

Future Plans: Ms. Alvarez-Plata hopes to work for an international organization such as the World Bank or the IMF. Ultimately, she hopes to develop innovative solutions to macroeconomics problems faced by developing economies.


jentzschNicola Jentzsch
Max Kade Scholar
PhD, ABD, John F. Kennedy Institute, Economics
Project Title: "The Economics of Financial Privacy: Regulation and Economic Effects of Credit Bureaus in Germany and the US"

Ms. Jentzsch's research will focus on the international dimension of financial privacy and the promotion of an increased understanding of the differences as well as the common values in the United States and the European Union. Her focus will be on regulation as well as the competition of credit reporting agencies, because these companies are the most important information intermediaries in consumer credit markets. By comparing the regulation of privacy she hopes to understand the economic dimension of financial privacy, its implications for the markets of the western hemisphere and for international relations.

Future Plans: Ms. Jentzsch will pursue a career in the academy or with an international institution such as the European Commission or the World Bank.


From El Colegio de México, Mexico

avella-alaminosIsabel Avella-Alaminos
Ph.D., 4th year,
Project Title: "Of Opportunities and Challenges: the Gears of Mexico’s Foreign Trade (1920-1950)"

Ms. Avella-Alaminos will focus her research on the historical analysis of the qualitative transformations that Mexican foreign trade went through between 1920 and 1950, the period during which the contemporary structure of Mexico’s foreign trade emerged. Her aim is to understand the relationship between the performance of Mexican foreign trade and the domestic and external institutions, organizations and mechanisms which made it possible. Ms. Avella-Alaminos believes that understanding the contemporary evolution of Mexican foreign trade is important and relevant for today.

At Yale, Ms. Avella-Alaminos will research the library collections on the topics of international relations, economics and global history. She will also audit courses dealing with the interwar period, economic contemporary history and theories related to international trade.

Future plans: Ms. Avella-Alaminos will continue teaching at the National Autonomous University of Mexico where she is currently a professor of economic theory.


arceo-gomezEva Arceo-Gómez
Master’s, 2nd Year, Centre of Economic Studies
Project Title: "Education and Income Distribution in Mexico: An Application of Quantile Regression"

Ms. Arceo-Gomez hopes to determine the relationship between income distribution and education in Mexico. Her overall aim is to help devise solutions to Mexico’s social and economic problems and help further the road to economic and social development. She also hopes to extend her project to a cross-country study for Latin America.

At Yale Ms. Arceo-Gomes hopes to gather household microdata on Latin American countries, and analyze numerous scholarly journals not easily available in Mexico. She is particularly interested in the work of the Economic Growth Center and the Department of Economics.

Future Plans: Ms. Arceo-Gomez plans on pursuing a doctoral degree, after which she hopes to work in Mexico’s public sector, in either the Ministry of Social Development or at the Ministry of Education. She also hopes to teach economics.


From Sidney Sussex College ofCambridge University, England

blakeJulian Blake
Graduating Senior, Social and Political Sciences
Project Title: "The Political Implications for Islamic Countries in the 2002 United States Security Strategy"

Mr. Blake's research focuses on the commitment of the United States to promote democracy and human freedom in the Middle East and North Africa. His research currently focuses on case studies of Egypt and Iran, but he hopes to extend it to cover American democracy at home. Mr. Blake hopes that his time at Yale will provide him with a better understanding of the US political system. He also hopes to continue working with Professor Paul Kennedy, with whom he has worked at Cambridge.

Future plans: Mr. Blake plans on entering British politics.


scottAndrew Scott
MPhil, Historical Studies
Project Title: "Nixon, Heath and the Anglo-American Relationship"

The era of Richard Nixon and Edward Heath has been characterized as marking a nadir in the Anglo-American alliance. Capitalizing on the recent release of archival material in the US and the UK, Mr. Scott will examine the role of the Anglo-American relationship during this era in the context of the East-West détente and the arms control initiatives. By examining the role of Anglo-American cooperation in the past Mr. Scott hopes to gain a better understanding of how it can most effectively work towards present and future stability.

Mr. Scott hopes to use Yale’s extensive library resources to analyze secondary material, newspapers and periodicals. He will also visit the National Archives and the Nixon papers archive near Washington D.C.

Future plans: Mr. Scott hopes to expand his study in to a doctoral dissertation.


From Moscow State University, Russia

kiselevaElena Kiseleva
PhD, Economics, 1st year
Project Title: "Economic Consequences of Mortality Changes"

Ms. Kiseleva will study the economic consequences brought on by changes in mortality and morbidity rates in Russia. Using statistical analysis, demographic projections and age-cost model of health expenditures, she will compare the Russian case with the United States. At Yale, Ms. Kiseleva hopes to expand her knowledge of economic demography. She also plans on familiarizing herself with the work of the Economic Growth Center, researching publications of the Institution for Social and Policy Studies, and closely analyzing statistical data from sources such as the National Health Interview Survey.

Future plans: Ms. Kisseleva will present the results of her research as a proposal to the Russian State Committee on Statistics and the Ministry of Public Health. Based on the results of her research, she will also prepare a bachelor's level course for students at Moscow State University.


moltchanovPetr Moltchanov
PhD, School of Public Administration, 1st Year
Project Title: "Corporate Governance System Development: Institutional Aspects"

Mr. Moltchanov will study existing corporate governance systems in the United States. Specifically, he will focus on the legal framework, corporate structure and internal mechanisms of corporate control that prevent shareholders from their rights violation, information disclosure standards, privatization, bankruptcy mechanisms and relations with investment banks and other financial intermediary issues. He hopes to identify ways in which the US system can be adapted to Russian conditions and help strengthen its weak financial infrastructure. Mr. Moltchanov believes that the recent scandals in corporate America will most likely serve to improve the US system even further and that these new developments will be of great relevance to Russia.

At Yale, Mr. Moltchanov will take advantage of the resources at the Yale School of Management, specifically the International Center for Finance and the International Institute for Corporate Governance.

Future Plans: Mr. Moltchanov will seek a position in investment banking. He also hopes to lecture at Moscow State University.


naoumovAlexander Naoumov
PhD, 2nd Year, History
Project Title: "The Crisis of the Versailles System of International Relations (1936-Fall 1938)"

Using the tools of history and international relations theory, a particularly dynamic field of study in Russia, Mr. Naoumov will conduct a comprehensive study of the Versailles model of international relations, its character and dynamics of development. He hopes to research, in depth, the mechanisms of this model and its consequences. For the first time in Russian historiography, Mr. Naoumov will attempt to develop a theoretical explanation for how such differing and unique events, e.g. the civil war in Spain, Anschluss and the Munich Agreement, were in fact so interconnected in the aggregate that they led to the crisis of and disintegration of the Versailles system.

Mr. Naoumov will use Yale’s abundant library resources and consult primary sources, diplomatic and parliamentary documents from the period , and documents of the League of Nations.

Future Plans: Mr. Naoumov hopes to continue his studies of international relations and obtain a university teaching post.


From the Institut d'Études Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), France

pouyeRaphaël Pouyé
PhD, 3rd Year
Project Title: "'Self-made states': State building and the invention of nationhood in Kosovo and East Timor during the years of resistance (mid-1970’s to 2002)"

With a focus on Kosovo and East Timor, Mr. Pouyé will research the recently prevalent phenomena of semi-sovereign territories whose nation-building experiences do not fit the existing research on state formation and nationalism. The experiences of "self-made" states of Kosovo and East Timor demonstrate the simultaneous role played by domestic state formation mechanisms and external lobbying for international intervention. Mr. Pouyé believes that these patterns are likely to be observed elsewhere and that their study can yield important practical teachings for the future of multilateral intervention.

Future Plans: Mr. Pouyé plans to be involved in policy planning for multilateral peacekeeping and post-conflict resolution.


From Fudan University, Shanghai

boYan Bo
Ph.D, 3rd Year, Department of International Politics
Project Title: "U.S. and the Kyoto Protocol: A Two-Level Game Analysis"

As the world’s super power and largest producer of greenhouse gases, the US is a key international player in the Kyoto negotiations. While US funded research has played a major role in advancing scientific knowledge of climate change globally, its commitments to addressing this threat through international negotiations have been weak. Using Robert Putnam’s two level games method of analysis, Ms. Bo will identify the myriad factors that have helped shape the US attitude toward the Kyoto Protocol. Focusing on the Clinton and Bush administration she hopes to show that US policy towards the Kyoto Protocol is the result of the chief negotiator’s two level game.

Ms. Bo believes that a successful explanation of US policy towards Kyoto will have broad implications both in theory and in practice. Ms. Bo hopes to work closely with the Yale Center for Environment Law and Policy. She will also visit the Pew Center on Climate Change, and seek to interview officials in Congress and the EPA.

Future plans: Ms. Bo hopes to use her research results to develop a class on international environmental security and US international environmental policy in China.


zhuShudi Zhu
PhD, Fudan Law School
Project Title: "American Administrative Law in International Trade Remedy under the WTO Framework: System and Function"

China's recent entry into the WTO is a crucial step in its efforts to integrate into the global economy. Ms. Zhu’s research project seeks to help China understand US international trade remedy administrative law under the WTO framework and perfect China's international trade remedy system under the same framework. By doing so Ms. Zhu hopes to reduce misunderstandings, and further communication and cooperation between the US and China.

Future Plans: Ms. Zhu will pursue a career as a public lawyer in the Shanghai government. She also hopes to consult and teach.


From the University of Tokyo, Graduate School

kawamuraKosuke Kawamura
Ph.D., 2nd Year
Project Title: "Civil War and the Commitment Problem"

Taking as his starting point James Fearon’s contention that ethnic conflicts turn violent because of the so-called commitment problem, Mr. Kawamura’s research will focus on finding solutions to this dilemma. By analyzing and comparing both the stability-seeking and the rights-securing approach to intervention, Mr. Kawamura hopes to determine which types of international intervention can contribute most to rectifying the commitment problem.

In addition to conducting his research, Mr. Kawamura would like to use his time at Yale to sharpen his knowledge of game theory. He also hopes to work with Professor Nicholas Sambanis and attend the Yale Post-Communist Workshops at the European Studies Council.

Future plans: Mr. Kawamura would like to become an expert on civil wars and use his knowledge to teach and work in an international organization.


watanabeAkira Watanabe
PhD, 3rd Year, Department of Area Studies
Project Title: "The Political Linkage Between Center and Periphery: Democratization in Mexico and Local Politics in the Yucatan"

Mr. Watanabe’s project is a on the theme of contemporary Mexican politics, specifically on the democratization process. He will examine how the PRI dominated authoritarian political system was transformed in to an electoral democracy. As a Fox Fellow, Mr. Watanabe hopes to combine results from field work he had previously conducted in Mexico, mainly in the Yucatan, between 2000 and 2001 and theoretical studies.

At Yale he plans to conduct research in the library's Latin American Collection and work with, among others, Professor Gilbert Joseph and Professor Ernesto Zedillo.

Future Plans: Mr. Watanabe hopes to become a teacher and researcher of Mexican and Latin American Politics.

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Yale alumni

"One of the lasting experiences of the year at Yale was meeting a large number of remarkably interesting and interested people from all over the world, some of who have become good personal friends. I have rarely had the chance to discuss topics ranging from current affairs to international cuisine with such an illustrious group of people. A feeling of shared trust and humor developed over these months. The fact that all of us, while coming from distinctively different backgrounds, had something in common as Fox Fellows facilitated this. If building international friendships was one of the aims of the Fox Fellowship, it has succeeded admirably."

Jan Rüger
from Sidney Sussex College at Cambridge University to Yale