In metropolitan Los Angeles, high schools with more than 80% white students average less than 3% low income students. Those high schools attended predominantly by minorities are composed of one-third low-income students.

Justice Powell retires. President Reagan nominates Robert Bork to fill the vacancy. His confirmation hearings become an ideologically charged battle, and he is not confirmed. Reagan then nominates Douglas H. Ginsburg from the D.C. Court of Appeals, but his nomination is derailed when it is discovered that he smoked marijuana while a law professor. In November, Reagan nominates Anthony M. Kennedy of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals, who is confirmed and takes his seat the next February.