The percentage of white students attending predominantly white schools drops from 78% in 1968 to 61% in 1980. The percentage of black students attending schools that are at least 90% minority drops from 64.3% in 1968 to 33.2% in 1980.

July
The Supreme Court upholds an affirmative action program for federal contractors in Fullilove v. Klutznick, 448 U.S. 448 (1980).

November
Ronald Reagan is elected President