Thurgood Marshall establishes the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund.

President Truman creates the President's Committee on Civil Rights. The Committee's October 1947 report, To Secure These Rights, calls for a broad range of policies against racism: elimination of discrimination and segregation in employment, housing, health facilities, interstate transportation, and public accommodations; a federal law making lynching a crime; abolition of the poll tax; federal protection of voting rights; and Executive Orders against discrimination in the federal civil service and the armed forces.