The Civil Rights Act of 1866 guarantees blacks basic economic rights to contract, sue, and own property.

The Fourteenth Amendment is submitted to the states. The Amendment overrules the Dred Scott case. It guarantees that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States and of the state in which they reside, and that no state shall abridge the privileges and immunities of citizens, deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person the equal protection of the laws.