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The Spirit in Worship and
in the Spirit Presenter
Reverend Simon Chan
Simon Chan is Earnest Lau Professor of Systematic Theology at Trinity Theological College in Singapore. His special interest is in the relationship between dogmatics, spirituality and the liturgy from a global pentecostal perspective. He is an ordained minister of the Assemblies of God of Singapore. His recent publications include Liturgical Theology: The Church as Worshipping Community (IVP, 2006).
The Liturgy as the Work of the Spirit
From ancient times, pneumatology and ecclesiology have always been seen as belonging together. This close connection is best captured in the identification of the liturgy, i.e., “the work of the people” as the work of the Spirit. But in what sense is the liturgy the work of the Spirit? This paper examines the question by first showing that within the Trinitarian economy the Holy Spirit bears a special relationship to the church which is reflected in the paradoxical nature of the liturgy. Second, the way to make sense of this paradox is the doctrine of synergy which culminates in the epiclesis. Synergy also calls for the “active participation” of worshippers.