The Spirit in Worship and
in the Spirit Presenter
Dr. Habtemichael Kidane
Habtemicahel Kidane was born in 1953 in Eritrea. He received his Ph.D. in Oriental Liturgy from the Pontifical Oriental Institute in Rome in 1990 in a dissertation on the Liturgy of the Hours in the Ethiopian Orthodox Rite. Habtemichael’s major publications include: “L’Ufficio divino della Chiesa etiopica”, Orientalia Christiana Analecta 257 (Rome 1998).
His most recent publication includes: “Origin and Development of the Ge’ez divine liturgy” (in Tegregna, language widely spoken in Northern Ethiopia and Eritrea), (Asmara 2005). From these two books arose the plane to prepare the “Bibliografia della Liturgia Ge’ez”, which is under press at Orientalia Christiana Analecta (Rome). He is the author of several articles and entries. He recently prepared an essay: “Origine ed evoluzione della “Liturgia Ge’ez”, presented at the first International Congress for the Society of Oriental Liturgy, held at the Eichstätt (Germany) under press at the Bollettino della Badia Greca di Grattaferrata. He contributes in several encyclopaedic dictionaries and participates in international symposia.
At the present he is preparing a book on the First part of the Divine Liturgy (Ùér’ata Qéddase) and Eucharistic prayers (Akwäteta Qwerban) of the Ethiopic-Eritrean Liturgical Tradition. Habtemichael at the present contributes to the Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, Hamburg. He is currently working with the Episcopal Committees for Liturgy of Eritrea and Ethiopia in preparing the Ethiopian Rite Missal for the use of the two Catholic Churches of Ge’ez Rite (Ethiopia and Eritrea).
The Holy Spirit in Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahdo Church
This paper deals with the “Holy Spirit in Ethiopian Orthodox Täwaüdo Church” (EOTC). This short study which delineates only the essentials, depends heavily on the huge liturgical literary of the same Church. In short this article offers a comprehensive view and a more fundamental on the Holy Spirit in the EOTC. To understand the place of the Holy Spirit in the EOTC’s liturgy is necessary to have a global vision of the liturgical literature of the same Church.
The literature on the Holy Spirit is rich, it can be said that there is a quite limited number of studies on this field. The liturgical literature can be divided into two groups: of indigenous production and of outside provenance, mainly from Egypt or through the Egyptian channel. The author tries to bring together, and to integrate into a coherent whole, all the major aspect that enhances the active role of the Holy Spirit in whole the EOTC’s liturgical life (Qeddase or Divine Liturgy, the Liturgy of the Hours and in the Sacramental life). Literature: This short study is an invitation to the scholars of the EOTC’s Liturgical tradition. The main sources are the following: 1. Ser?ata Qeddase (the first part of the Mass), 2. Akwätetä Qwerban (the anaphoras), 3. Deggwa: hymnary for the whole year (the Liturgy of the Hours), 4. the Sacraments, 6. Mälk?a Paraqliýos (effigy of the Holy Spirit), composed of five strophes, that praise the various parts of the body.