doesn't use the form
of the verb, such as go/going/went/gone, to refer the past, present
or future action. Instead, auxiliaries like (sedang "continuous
-ing" ; akan/mau "will"), time adverbs (besok
"tomorrow") or just context are used. Observe what Mrs.Darmo,
Udin (he) and Tuti (she) are doing in the market (pasar).
sedang membeli pisang (Mrs.Darmo is buying banana).
membeli baju (Udin will buy a shirt).
membeli sayuran (Tuti has already bought vegetables).
much will go wrong with word order. It may be either subject followed
by predicate or reversed. *Sentence stress and intonation must be
taken care of.
"Udin akan membeli baju" or "Akan membeli
baju, Udin" is common.
Indonesia "Indonesian" uses roman script. The spelling is
regular and it is not tonal.
verbs in Indonesian do not change according to tense, it makes changes
in different way. In the example above, the verb membeli "buy"
comes from the prefix me(N) and a root beli. *me(N) + beli
= membeli. Suffixes "-kan" i.e. "membelikan" and
"-i" are the most frequently used. Look at the following
example for comparison.
Ini Tono (he). Tono sekolah di sekolah negeri. Hari ini ada
kelas bahasa Inggris Pak Adi. Tono senang belajar bahasa.
(Lit. This is Tono. Tono studies at a public school. Today there
is an English class by Mr.Adi. Tono likes to learn language).
Sentences with suffixes
Ini Tono. Tono disekolahkan di sekolah negeri. Hari ini ada
kelas kelas bahasa Inggris yang diajar Pak Adi. Tono tidak senang
mempelajari bahasa. (Lit. This is Tono. Tono is sent to
study at a public school. Today there is an English class taught by
Mr.Adi. Tono doesn't like to study lang.).
word: naik (to get on/ride a vehicle ; increase)
menaiki (to climb on) ; menaikkan (to lift, to raise)
word: sewa (rent)
menyewa (to rent) ; menyewakan (to rent out)