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ENTITIES

Normal function

Aortic stenosis-senile

Aortic stenosis-bicuspid

Aortic regurgitation

Mitral stenosis

Mitral prolapse

Mitral flail

Mitral regurgitation

Valvular infection

Prosthetic valves

Cardiomyopathy

Ischemia-anterior

Ischemia-inferior

Ischemia-aneurysm

Post-infarct VSD

IHSS

Pericardial effusion

Masses



Pericardial effusion

 

View example 1

View example 1

Notes:

Pericardial effusions, depending on size and speed of accumulation, may compromise venous return to the heart. This results in low cardiac output that can only be relieved by catheter drainage if identified in time.

Classical echo findings include diastolic collapse of the right ventricle, plethoric inferior vena cava that does not reduce diameter when the patient "sniffs", and significant respiratory variation of the doppler mitral inflow pattern.

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All contents copyright ©1999, Yale University. All rights reserved.

The information provided here is intended for medical professionals, and is not a substitute for accredited medical education programs, or a substitute for medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions.

July 10, 1999 (PL)
v. 002