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ENTITIES

Normal function

Aortic stenosis-senile

Aortic stenosis-bicuspid

Aortic regurgitation

Mitral stenosis

Mitral prolapse

Mitral flail

Mitral regurgitation

Valvular infection

Prosthetic valves

Cardiomyopathy

Ischemia-anterior

Ischemia-inferior

Ischemia-aneurysm

Post-infarct VSD

IHSS

Pericardial effusion

Masses



Masses

 

View example 1

View example 1

Notes:

Masses in the cardiac chambers are most commonly caused by clot or myxoma. Left atrial myxoma can dramatically fill much of the chamber, as in "Example 1". In the atria, myxoma should be suspected if the mass is attached to the inter-atrial septum and if there is no stasis caused by obstruction to flow such as mitral stenosis. In the case shown in "Example 2", the unusual right atrial mass grew rapidly and was presumed to be metatstic in a patient with esophageal cancer.

Left ventricular apical clots usual result from localized stasis post-infarct.

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All contents copyright ©1999, Yale University. All rights reserved.

The information provided here is intended for medical professionals, and is not a substitute for accredited medical education programs, or a substitute for medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions.

July 10, 1999 (PL)
v. 002