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ENTITIES

Normal function

Aortic stenosis-senile

Aortic stenosis-bicuspid

Aortic regurgitation

Mitral stenosis

Mitral prolapse

Mitral flail

Mitral regurgitation

Valvular infection

Prosthetic valves

Cardiomyopathy

Ischemia-anterior

Ischemia-inferior

Ischemia-aneurysm

Post-infarct VSD

IHSS

Pericardial effusion

Masses



Senile aortic stenosis


 

View example 1

Animation

Notes:

Senile aortic stenosis is characterized by heavy calcification of an apparently three-leafed aortic valve causing it to be immobile and restricting its orifice. The etiology of this form of aortic stenosis occurs in the elderly (generally > 70 years). A normal aortic valve has a cross-sectional area of about 3 cm sq. Critical aortic stenosis is considered when the valve area falls below 1 cm sq. If ventricular contractility is normal, a pressure gradient across that valve in excess of 60 mm Hg. will usually be measured at catheterization.

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All contents copyright ©1999, Yale University. All rights reserved.

The information provided here is intended for medical professionals, and is not a substitute for accredited medical education programs, or a substitute for medical advice or treatment for specific medical conditions.

July 10, 1999 (PL)
v. 002