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Bordering on Peace:


Keynote Speeches

Shashi U. Tripathi: Consul General of India in New York City

Zamir AkramDeputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of Pakistan, Washington D.C.

Panel A

Friday, April 6th, 6.30pm

Economics of South Asia: An Instrument of Cooperation?

This panel explored the economic relationship between India and Pakistan, its dimensions, history, and prospects for future development and integration. The panelists focused their discussion on such issues as microfinance, bilateral trade and its implications for the region, international development aid, and the role of the information technology revolution in reshaping the economies of India and Pakistan. The panel searched for creative proposals that can serve to ease India-Pakistan relations through new economic initiatives.


Shyam Sunder

Shyam Sunder is the James L. Frank Professor of Accounting, Economics, and Finance at the Yale School of Management and the acting Chair of South Asian Studies at the Yale Center for International and Area Studies. His research contributions include financial reporting, dissemination of information in security markets, statistical theory of valuation and design of electronic markets. Sunder is a pioneer of the fields of experimental finance and experimental macroeconomics. He received his Ph.D. from Carnegie Mellon University.


Imran Anwar, “Communications and CommuniNations”

Imran Anwar is a Pakistani entrepreneur, journalist and writer. He is responsible for providing Internet based services with IMRAN.PK in Pakistan as the first Internet Service Provider there. In 1997, Imran joined an elite team of consultants at Silicon Valley Internet Partners (currently known as Viant). Subsequently, he worked with Computer Associates, a major software company. In January 2000, Anwar was appointed CEO of EverTrac, a global joint venture between Computer Associates and United Microelectronics (UMC) of Taiwan. Anwar is an expert on global business strategy and socio-political affairs in South Asia.

Shahi Javed Burki, “Why is South Asia Falling Behind?”

Shahid Javed Burki is the Chief Executive Officer of EMP Financial Advisors,  LLC. Prior to his present position, Burki spent 25 years at the World  Bank, where he served from 1994-1999 as Vice President of the Latin America and Caribbean region. In his previous World Bank post, as Director for China in the East Asia and Pacific region for the period 1987-1993, Burki designed and implemented the World Bank's lending program in China.

Rahul Tongia, "Issues of Infrastructure in India and Pakistan"      

Rahul Tongia is currently involved in work in issues of infrastructure in emerging economies, especially the role of technology choices for improving deployment and penetration. Using quantitative policy and decision analysis, he has focused on the energy and telecom domains. In addition to engineering-economic analyses, his work also deals with broader policy issues such as security, international collaboration (especially US-India), and technology and analysis transfer. He earned his Ph.D. in Engineering and Public Policy at Carnegie Mellon University.

Ramesh Wadhwani, "The IT revolution in South Asia"

Ramesh Wadhwani is the founder President of SAI Systems International, a Connecticut-based software company with offshore development programs in India. SAI Systems International specializes in the rapid and cost-effective delivery of information technology services and products for banking, brokerage, telecommunications, and public safety organizations. Deloitte & Touche has named SAI Systems as one of the fastest growing technology companies in the United States.

Panel B

Saturday, April 7th, 11:30am

The Security Situation in South Asia

This panel analyzed the current security situation in South Asia. First, the panel examined how the current domestic political situation in India and Pakistan shapes the two nations' security policies. Second, the panel examined the role of regional and global powers such as China, Japan, and the United States. Finally, the panel addressed the role of multilateral diplomacy and international organizations such as the United Nations in improving India-Pakistan relations.


Michael B. Nicholson

Michael B. Nicholson is Professor of International Relations at the School of Social Sciences of The University of Sussex and Visiting Professor of Political Science at Yale University. He is the author of Rationality and the Analysis of International Conflict; Formal Theory in International Relations; and Causes and Consequences in International Relations. Nicholson received his Ph.D., M.A., and B.A. degrees from Cambridge University.


Sumit Ganguly, “Nuclearized South Asia: The risks of conflict and the prospects of peace”

Sumit Ganguly is currently a professor in the Department of Asian Studies at University of Texas. He received his Ph.D. at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Mr Ganguly specializes in international relations, world politics, comparative politics (South Asia, Southeast Asia, Third World), ethno politics, regional security and nuclear nonproliferation. He has served as a consultant to the United States Institute of Peace, the U.S. Department of Defense, on the Board of Directors of the Institute of World Affairs and as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations (New York) and the International Institute of Strategic Studies (London).

Karl Inderfurth, “South Asia: The most dangerous place in the world?”

Karl Inderfurth recently finished his term as Assistant Secretary of State for South Asian Affairs (1997-2001). Mr. Inderfurth attended University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and subsequently earned his M.A. at Princeton University. He has served as the Deputy Staff Director for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, US Representative for Special Political Affairs to the UN, with the rank of Ambassador, and Deputy US Representative to the U.N. Security Council. Mr. Inderfurth is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations (New York) and the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London).

Tanvir Ahmad Khan, “Prospects of a sustained peace process between India and Pakistan”

Tanvir Ahmad Khan served as Pakistan’s foreign secretary from 1989-1990. He was educated at Government College (Lahore, Pakistan) and Oxford University (England). Mr. Khan has held a numerous positions in the Pakistani Government over the years, including that of Ambassador to Bangladesh, Czechoslovakia, Iran, Ireland, France, Finland, and the Russian Federation, and as Secretary of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. He has also been the Chairman of one of Pakistan’s most prestigious think tanks: the Institute of Strategic Studies in Islamabad (1998- 2000).

Muhammad Yasin Malik, “Kashmir: Underlying cause of insecurity in South Asia”

Muhammad Yasin Malik is a co-founder and senior leader of the Kashmiri All Party Hurriyet Conference (APHC) and chairman of the pro-independence Jammu-Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF). Having led the armed resistance in Kashmir in the late 1980’s, Malik commands respect among Kashmiris on both sides of the Line of Control dividing Kashmir. His group, the JKLF, declared a unilateral cease-fire in 1994 and invited a dialogue to resolve the Kashmir issue.

Panel C

Saturday, April 7th, 3:00pm

Cultural and Historical Perspectives

This panel examined the culture and history of the Pakistani and Indian peoples with special emphasis placed on the realms shared by the two countries. In particular, the panelists discussed the role of the linguistic, religious, and ethnic ties between these two peoples. The panel further considered the current territorial disputes within the context of the colonial legacy and the continuing effects of the Partition Era. In an attempt to promote conflict resolution, the panelists discussed ways in which religious institutions, media and the popular culture, and revisionist trends in the writing of history can be used to foster stronger bonds between the citizens of these two countries.


Hugh M. Flick

Hugh M. Flick is the fourth Dean of Silliman College. He is a lecturer in the Religious Studies Department. Flick is a scholar of Sanskrit and Indian Studies with interests in folklore and mythology. He also holds a law degree and is a member of the Connecticut bar.


Agha Ashraf Ali, “Cultural and historical background of the conflict in Kashmir”

Agha Ashraf Ali is a historian and veteran educator who has seen it all, and unlike other prominent Kashmiris, he chooses to stay away from politics. He believes that the trust between India and Kashmir has completely broken down and that is the root cause of the present situation. He operates a school in Sirinagar and travels through Kashmir spreading peace and harmony through education.

Ainslie Embree, “A dilemma for South Asia: Self-determination for Kashmir”

Ainslie Embree is a Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University, and is a noted scholar of modern South Asia, and nationalist and religious politics. He is the editor of the popular text book Sources of Indian Tradition and the author of Utopias in Conflict: Religion and Nationalism in India. Embree has served in the Royal Canadian Air Force and in the U.S. Embassy in Delhi. In 1997, he led a delegation of the Kashmir Study Group to Pakistan, which issued a report, "The Kashmir Dispute at Fifty: Charting Paths to Peace."

 Rajmohan Gandhi, “Unopened books and books of fire: History and the Subcontinent”

Rajmohan Gandhi is a historian, biographer, commentator and former Member of the Rajya Sabha (Indian Senate). He served as the Editor of the Indian Express and Himmat Weekly, and has written books on Mahatma Gandhi, Vallabhbhai Patel, and Chakravarti Rajgopalachari. He was the leader of the Indian Delegation to the UN Human Rights Commission (1990), and co-founded the Centre for Dialogue and Reconciliation. He was a Distinguished Halle Fellow at Emory University, and is presently a visiting professor of political science at University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign.

Nafisa Hoodbhoy, “Women's quest for peace in India and Pakistan”

Nafisa Hoodbhoy, a journalist and a political activist, holds a graduate degree in history from Northeastern University. She worked as a staff reporter for the Guardian Newspaper in New York and for the largest English daily newspaper in Pakistan, DAWN. She reported and wrote commentaries on issues concerning women, social welfare, human rights, environmental issues, labor, NGOs, and Pakistani politics. Hoodbhoy’s work has also been featured on BBC, Channel Four, Lifetime Television and National Public Radio from Pakistan. She has served three times as an elected council member of Human Rights Commission of Pakistan. Currently, she teaches at Amherst College.

 Sheema Kermani, “The problem of cultural identity in South Asia”

Sheema Kermani is one of the most highly acclaimed classical dancers in Pakistan, trained in both Bharata Natyam and Odissi styles of dance.  She has also choreographed a number of dances and among her well known productions is “Indus and Europa.” In 1981, Mrs.  Kermani formed the “Tehrik-e-Niswan”, an NGO devoted to raising awareness with regard to women’s issues through cultural activities, most notably through the stage, video, and television.  Since 1984 she has been teaching dance and continues to perform.  She has advocated women’s issues and general human rights in performances and conferences worldwide, including the 1995 Beijing World Conference.

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