Browse Cultures menu consists of two culture indices: one listed
alphabetically by culture name and one organized by geographical
region. In Browse
Cultures, you can access the Culture Profile with its File
Description, the File Table of Contents (TOC) with pointers to the
full-text documents, and the Cultural Summary.
A-Z Index - Click to see image
alphabetical index contains all of the common names of cultural,
ethnic, indigenous, immigrant, and minority groups found in eHRAF.
Each of these groups is classified with an alpha-numeric
code based on the Outline of World
Many groups have several common names, such as the
Blackfoot Native Americans of the northwestern Plains, whose other
names include Peigan, Pikunii, Siksika, and Blood.
These alternative names, or ethnonyms,
are all listed in the index and all have the same OWC code,
making cultural information easier to locate.
on a culture name in the A-Z index opens its Culture
may find that clicking on a culture name opens a Culture Profile
of a different name. For
example, opening “Pikunii” will give you the Blackfoot culture
profile. This is because
Blackfoot is the standard culture name in our database, for which
Pikunii is an ethnonym. Returning
to the A-Z index, you will find that other culture names have
changed color (usually to purple).
These names are the other ethnonyms for the culture name
you just read about, and will all share the same OWC code (in this
Cultures by Region
Browse Cultures by Region, the cultures are organized by regions
and by countries. Cultures
often appear in several countries because they cross political
example, the Blackfoot culture can be found listed under both
“United States” and “Canada.”
Most of the information in eHRAF comes from anthropologists
studying pre-industrial cultures (like the Blackfoot).
Also covered are some North American immigrant groups and
Browse Cultures - Click to see image
you do not find a particular country or culture represented in the
culture list, please be aware that the list changes in the spring
of each year as new cultures are added.
may notice that some culture names have the phrase “Probability
Culture File” to the right of their name.
This refers to the 60-culture Probability Sample that was
designed by HRAF to provide primary descriptive information on a
representative sample of the world’s traditional and
If you are interested in learning how we choose which cultures end
up in eHRAF, read about the eHRAF
OWC Culture Codes,