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Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition
   About Our Logo

The logo is made up of three flags...the flag of Ireland, the Stars and Stripes and the flag of Black Nationalism.

The tri-color flag of Ireland was first used in 1848. The green and orange are representative of the two factions that have existed on the island of Ireland for centuries...green for the Catholic, Gaelic and Anglo-Norman population (in what is today called the Republic of Ireland) and the orange for the Protestant group planted in Northern Ireland beginning in the 17th Century. The white expresses the hope for peace and trust between the two.

The tri-color flag of Black Nationalism has its roots in the Zinj Empires of ancient Africa. Marcus Garvey revivified the colors in 1920 when he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association. Today it is an icon associated with the celebration of Kwanzaa (the African-American spiritual holiday that was initiated by Dr. Maulana Ron Karenga in 1966). The red in this flag is for the blood spilled in pursuit of Black Nationalism; the black for the color of the Black race; and, the green for the color of their land.

The logo depicts these two flags on either side of the Stars and Stripes as a visual reminder that the history of each nation, while initially geographically separate, converged here in the United States.