Citizens All: African Americans in Connecticut 1700-1850
Transatlantic Slave TradeConnecticut StoriesAbout The Project
Connecticut Stories
Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and AbolitionYale University
The Struggle Over Black Citizenship and Inclusion



  1. Digging Deeper: To learn more about the lives of African Americans in Connecticut during the early nineteenth century, read historian Peter Hinks's article, "The Struggle over Black Citizenship and Inclusion: The 1830s" (download pdf).
  2. Thinking Like an Historian: Listen to the video segment in the introduction to "The Struggle over Black Citizenship and Inclusion," with Jennifer Rycenga, a professor of Religious Studies and Women's Studies at San Jose State University. What is the connection between the struggle for increased educational opportunities for New England's African American community and the struggle for the abolition of slavery? What does Professor Rycenga suggest about the status of women in the nineteenth century, in relation to the status of African Americans?
  3. Using Primary Documents: William Lloyd Garrison's Address Delivered Before the Free People of Color and Samuel May's Discourse on Slavery in the United States (linked above on this page) are both Fourth of July sermons. How do Garrison and May use the rhetoric of the Fourth of July, usually seen as an occasion to celebrate the founding of the United States, to call for the abolition of slavery? Unlike past abolitionist movements, which often called for gradual emancipation or the repatriation of African Americans to colonies in Africa or Haiti, Garrison and May both favor immediate abolition. How do they make this case?