Citizens All: African Americans in Connecticut 1700-1850
Transatlantic Slave TradeConnecticut StoriesAbout The Project
Connecticut Stories
Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and AbolitionYale University
Enslaved Africans in the Colony of Connecticut
An Address to the Public, by the Managers of the Colonization Society of Connecticut
New Haven: Treadway and Adams, 1828
"Anti-Slavery in New England" Digital Collection
Special Collections & University Archives, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

By 1828 the high-minded, if patronizing, aims of the 1819 Hartford Colonization Society had given way to a more critical assessment of the condition of free blacks, as can be seen in this address of the Connecticut Colonization Society. With a refinement lacking in Aristides' letter to the New Haven Chronicle, the managers of the Society, representative of the best families of Connecticut, nonetheless reach a similar conclusion that efforts to reform or ameliorate the condition of African Americans are both fruitless and unkind to the recipient: "Much can be done for them--much has been done; but still they are, and in this country always must be a depressed and abject race."

Emancipation without immigration, they write, is to leave former slaves

to shift for themselves; he [the former master] turns them out to be vagabonds, and paupers, and felons, and to find in the work-house, and the penitentiary the home which they out to have retained on his paternal acres.

New Haven Congregational minister Leonard Bacon, a vocal advocate for the American Colonization Society, remarked that the condition of America's freedmen could by repeated in two words: "irremediable degradation."