An Address to the Public, by the Managers
of the Colonization Society of Connecticut
By 1828 the high-minded, if patronizing, aims of the 1819 Hartford
Colonization Society had given
way to a more critical assessment of
the condition of free blacks, as can
be seen in this address of the Connecticut
Colonization Society. With a refinement
lacking in Aristides' letter to the
New Haven Chronicle, the managers
of the Society, representative of the
best families of Connecticut, nonetheless
reach a similar conclusion that efforts
to reform or ameliorate the condition
of African Americans are both fruitless
and unkind to the recipient:
can be done for them--much has been
done; but still they are, and in this
country always must be a depressed
and abject race."
without immigration, they write, is
to leave former slaves
to shift for themselves; he [the former master] turns them out to be vagabonds, and paupers, and felons, and to find in the work-house, and the penitentiary the home which they out to have retained on his paternal acres.
New Haven Congregational minister Leonard Bacon, a vocal advocate for the American Colonization Society, remarked that the condition of America's freedmen could by repeated in two words: "irremediable degradation."