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Lamin Sanneh

Abolitionists Abroad: American Blacks and the Making of Modern West Africa

Intercontinental Links in the Antislavery Movement, With Special Attention to the American and African Connection

Overview | General Bibliography

General Bibliography

Adas, Michael

"Bringing Ideas and Agency Back In: Representation and the Comparative Approach to World History," in Philip Pomper, Richard H. Elphick and Richard T. Vann, editors, World History, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998.

Adegbola, Emmanuel A.A.

Ifa and Christianity among the Yoruba: A Study in Symbiosis and the Development of Yoruba Christology, 1890-1940, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Department of Theology, University of Bristol, 1976.

Afigbo, A.E.

"Herbert Richmond Palmer and Indirect Rule in Eastern Nigeria, 1915-1928," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 3, no. 2, December, 1965.

Afigbo, A.E.

"The Warrant Chief System in Eastern Nigeria: Direct or Indirect Rule?" Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 3, no. 4, June, 1967.

Afzelius, Adam

Sierra Leone Journal: 1796-1796, edited by Alexander Peter Kup, Uppsala: Almquist & Wiksells, 1967.

Aghnides, Nicolas P

Mohammedan Theories of Finance, New York: AMS Press, 1969

Agiri, Babatunde

"Slavery in Yoruba Society in the 19th Century," chapter in Paul E. Lovejoy, editor, The Ideology of Slavery in Africa, Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1981.

Ajayi, J.F. Ade & Robert Smith

Yoruba Warfare in the Nineteenth Century, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1964.

Ajayi, J.F. Ade

Christian Missions in Nigeria: The Making of a New Elite, 1841-1891, London: Longman Publishers, 1967.

Ajayi, J.F. Ade

"Henry Venn and the Policy of Development," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 1, no. 4, December, 1959.

Ajayi, J.F. Ade

"Nineteenth Century Origins of Nigerian Nationalism," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 2, no. 2, December, 1961.

Ajayi, J.F. Ade

"The Development of Secondary Grammar Education in Nigeria," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 2, no. 4, December, 1963.

Ajayi, J.F. Ade

A Patriot to the Core: Samuel Ajayi Crowther, Ibadan: Anglican Diocese of Ibadan, 1992.

Ajayi, W.O.

"The Niger Delta Pastorate Church, 1891-1902," Bulletin of the Society for African Church History, vol. 2, no. i, 1965.

Ajisafe, A.K.

History of Abeokuta, Bungay, Suffolk, UK: R. Clay, 1924.

Akinjogbin, I.A.

Dahomey and Its Neighbours, 1708-1818, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1967.

Akinjogbin, I.A.

"The Oyo Empire in the Eighteenth Century - A Reassessment," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 3, no. 3, December, 1966.

Alagoa, E.J

"Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the United States Diplomatic and Consular Posts in West Africa, 1856-1935," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 2, no. 1, December, 1960.

Allen, Captain William, R.N., and T.R.H. Thomson, M.D., Surgeon, R.N.

A Narrative of the Expedition Sent by Her Majesty's Government to the River Niger in 1841, London, 1848, 2 volumes, reprinted London, Frank Cass, 1968.

Allen, William

The Life of William Allen, 2 vols., Philadelphia: Henry Longstreth, 1847.

"An Account of Several Baptist Churches, consisting chiefly of Negro Slaves: particularly of one at Kingston, in Jamaica; and another at Savannah in Georgia,"

The Baptist Annual Register, 1790-1793, 332-337.

Anderson, Benedict

Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, revised edition, London and New York: Verso Press, 1991.

Anderson, Benjamin

Narrative of a Journey to Musardu: Capital of the Western Mandingoes, 1870, reprinted London: Frank Cass, 1971, introduction by Humphrey J. Fisher.

Anderson, Sir J. Norman D.

Islamic Law in Africa, London, 1954, reprinted London: Frank Cass, 1970.

Anene, J.C.

"The Nigeria-Dahomey Boundary," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 2, no. 4, December, 1963.

Anstey, Roger

The Atlantic Slave Trade and British Abolition: 1760-1810, Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1975, London: Macmillan, 1975.

Asiegbu, Johnson U.J.

Slavery and the Politics of Liberation, 1787-1861, New York, 1969.

Anti-Slavery Examiner

the following issues:

Angelina E. Grimké, "Appeal to the Christian Women of the South," vol. 1, no. 2, September, 1836.

Correspondence between the Hon. F.H. Elmore, South Carolina Delegate in Congress, and James G. Birney, Secretary of the American Anti-Slavery Society," no. 8, 1838.

J.D. Weld, "The Bible Against Slavery: An Inquiry into the Patriarchal and Mosaic Systems on the Subject of Human Rights," no. 6, 1838.

J.D. Weld, "The Power of Congress over the District of Columbia, no. 5, 1838.

James A. Thome and J. Horace Kimball, "Emancipation in the West Indies: A Six Months' Tour in Antigua, Barbados, and Jamaica in the Year 1837," no. 7, 1838.

Letter of Gerrit Smith to Rev. James Smylie of the State of Mississippi, vol. 1, no. 3, 1837.

Aptheker, Herbert

American Negro Slave Revolts, New York: Columbia University Press, 1943, reprinted New York: International Publishers, 1978.

Asiwaju, A.I.

Western Yorubaland under European Rule 1889-1945: A Comparative Analysis of French and British Colonialism, London: Longman, 1976.

Atanda, J.A.

The New Oyo Empire: Indirect Rule and Change in eastern Nigeria, 1894-1934, London: Longman, 1979.

Austen, Ralph A.

"The Abolition of the Overseas Slave Trade: A Distorted Theme in West African History," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 5, no. 2, June, 1970.

Austin, Allan D., editor

African Muslims in Antebellum America: A Sourcebook, New York: Garland Publishing Co., 1984.

Awe, B.

"The Ajele System: A Study of Ibadan Imperialism in the Nineteenth Century," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 3, no. 1, December, 1964.

Ayandele, E.A.

"An Assessment of James Johnson and His Place in Nigerian History (1874-1917), Part I, 1870-1890," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 2, no. 4, December, 1963.

Ayandele, E.A.

"Background to the 'Duel' Between Crowther and Goldie on the Lower Niger, 1857-1885," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 4, no. 1, December, 1967.

Ayandele, E.A.

The Missionary Impact on Modern Nigeria: 1842-1914: A Political and Social Analysis, London: Longman Group, 1966.

Ayandele, E.A.

"The Relations Between the Church Missionary Society and the Royal Niger Company, 1886-1900," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 4, no. 3, December, 1968.

Baba, Ahmad

(see Barber, Bernard )

Bacon, Leonard

A Discourse Preached in the Center Church, in New Haven, August 27, 1828, at the Funeral of Jehudi Ashmun, Esq.,, Colonial Agent of the American Colony of Liberia, New Haven: Hezekiah Howe, 1828.

Baillie, Neil B. E. ed. & tr.

Digest of Moohummudan Law: Containing the doctrines of the Hanifeea Code of Jurisprudence, (1869-75), reprinted, Lahore: Premier Book House, 1974.

Baldick, Julian

Black God: The Afroasiatic Roots of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim Religions, London: I.B. Tauris, 1997.

Baldwin, Lewis V.

'Invisible' Strands in African Methodism, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1983.

Ball, Edward

Slaves in the Family, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1998.

Barbara, Prickett

Island Base [A History of the Methodist Mission in the Gambia], Bo, Sierra Leone, private printing, no date [1971?].

Barber, Bernard and Michelle Jacobs

"The 'Miráj ': A Legal Treatise on Slavery by Ahmad Baba," in John Ralph Willis, ed., Slaves and Slavery in Muslim Africa, vol.i, Islam and the Ideology of Enslavement, 125-59, London: Frank Cass, 1985.

Barbot, John

A Description of the Coasts of North and South Guinea, etc., London, 1732.

Barker, Anthony, J.

The African Link: British Attitudes to the Negro in the era of the Atlantic slave trade, 1550-1807, London: frank Cass, 1978.

Barron, T.J.

"James Stephen, the 'Black Race' and British Colonial Administration, 1813-1847," The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, vol. 5, no. 2, January, 1977.

Batrán, Aziz Abdalla

"The 'Ulamá of Fas, Mulay Isma'il, and the Issue of the Haratin of Fas," in John Ralph Willis, ed., Slaves and Slavery in Muslim Africa, vol.i, Islam and the Ideology of Enslavement, 125-59, London: Frank Cass, 1985.

Baylin, Bernard

The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution, Cambridge, Mass: The Belknap Press of the Harvard University Press, 1992.

Beard, Charles

An Economic Interpretation of the Constitution of the United States, New York: Free Press, 1965, originally published by Macmillan, 1935.

Beard, Charles

"Civilization," The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, vol. 30, 1943.

Beaver, R. Pierce, editor

To Advance the Gospel: Rufus Anderson, Grand Rapids: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1967.

Bechles, Hilary and Verene Shepherd, editors

Caribbean Slavery and the Atlantic World, Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1998.

Beltran, A. Guirre

"Tribal Origins of Slaves in Mexico," Journal of Negro History, vol. XXXI, no. 2, April, 1946.

Benezet, Anthony

The Case of our Fellow-Creatures, the Oppressed Africans, respectfully recommended to the serious Consideration of the Legislature of Great-Britain, by the People called Quakers, London: James Phillips, 1783.

Benezet, Anthony

A Caution to Great Britain and her Colonies in a short Representation of the calamitous State of the enslaved Negroes in the British Dominions, Philadelphia, and London: James Phillips, 1784.

Benezet, Anthony

Some Historical Account of Guinea, its Situation, Produce and the general Disposition of its Inhabitants. With an Inquiry into the Rise and Progress of the Slave Trade, Philadelphia, 1771, reprinted London: J. Phillips, 1788.

Berlin, Ira

Many Thousands Gone: The First Two Centuries of Slavery in North America, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1998.

Berlin, Ira, Barbara J. Fields, Steven F. Miller, Joseph P. Reily and Leslie S. Rowland, editors

Free At Last: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War, New York: The New Press, 1992.

Beverley, James, & Barry Moody, editors

The Life and Journal of the Rev. Mr. Henry Alline, Hantsport, Nova Scotia: Lancelot Press for Acadia Divinity College, 1982.

Bickford-Smith, Vivian

"Meanings of Freedom: Social Position and Identity Among Ex-Salves and their Descendants in Cape Town, 1875-1910," in Nigel Worden & Clifton Crais, eds., Breaking the Chains, Johannesburg, 1994.

Billiard, François J.M.A.

Abolition de la traite et de l'esclavage, dans les colonies françaises, Paris: Duchêsne, 1827.

Bisset, Robert

The History of the Negro Slave Trade in its Connection with the Commerce and Prosperity..., London: S. Highley, 2 vols., 1805.

Blackett, R.J.M.

Beating Against the Barriers: Biographical Essays in Nineteenth-Century Afro-American History, Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.

Blassingame, John W.

The Slave Community: Plantation Life in the Antebellum South, New York: Oxford University Press, revised edition, 1979.

Blassingame, John W., editor

Slave Testimony: Two Centuries of Letters, Speeches, Interviews and Autobiographies, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1977.

Bluett, Thomas

"The Capture and Travels of Ayuba Suleiman Ibrahima," originally published in 1734, in Philip D. Curtin, ed., Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans from the Era of the Slave Trade, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

Blyden, Edward Wilmot

The Negro in Ancient History: Liberia: Past, Present, and Future, Washington City: M'Gill & Witherow, 1869.

Blyden, E.W.

The Aims and Methods of a Liberal Education for Africans: Inaugural Address, January 5, 1881, Cambridge, Mass.: John Wilson and Son, 1882.

Blyden, E.W.

The Origin and Purpose of African Colonization, being the annual discourse delivered at the sixty-fifth anniversary of the American Colonization Society, January 4, 1883, Washington, D.C.: American Colonization Society, 1883.

Blyden, E. W.

Christianity, Islam and the Negro Race, London, 1887, reprinted Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1967.

Blyden, E.W.

The Return of the Exiles and the West African Church : A Lecture Delivered at the Breadfruit School House, Lagos, West Africa, January 2,, 1891, London: W.B. Whittingham & Co., 1891.

Blyden, E.W.

The Three Needs of Liberia: A Lecture Delivered at Lower Buchanan, Grand Bassa County, Liberia, January 26, 1908, London: C.M. Phillips, 1908.

Blyden, E.W.

African Life and Customs, reprinted from the Sierra Leone Weekly News, London: C.M. Phillips, 1908.

Boahen, A. Adu

Britain, the Sahara, and the Western Sudan, 1788-1861, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.

Bolt, C. & S. Drescher, editors

Anti-Slavery, Religion and Reform, Folkestone, England: Dawson, 1980.

Bond, George, Walton Johnson and Sheila Walker, editors

African Christianity: Patterns of Religious Continuity, New York: Academic Press, a division of Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, 1979.

Bosman, William

A New and Accurate Description of the Coast of Guinea, 1705, 2nd edn., London: K. Knapton, 1721.

Bowditch, Thomas E.

Mission from Cape Coast Castle to Ashantee, London, 1819.

Bowen, Thomas Jefferson

Adventures and Missionary Labors in several Countries in the Interior of Africa, New York, 1857, second edition London: Frank Cass, 1968.

Bowen, Thomas Jefferson

Grammar and Dictionary of the Yoruba Language, Washington, D.C.: The Smithsonian Institution, 1862.

Bowser, Frederick P.

The African Slave in Colonial Peru: 1524-1650, Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974.

Boxer, C.R.

The Church Militant and Iberian Expansion, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978.

Braidwood, Stephen J.

Black Poor and White Philanthropists: London's Blacks and the Founding of the Sierra Leone Settlement: 1786-1791, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1994.

Bready, J. Wesley

This Freedom - Whence?, New York: American Tract Society, 1942.

Bredero, Adriaan H.

Christendom and Christianity in the Middle Ages :The Relations between (sic) Religion, Church, and Society, tr. from the second Dutch edition (1987) by Reinder Bruinsma, Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing, 1994.

Brooks, George E. jr.

Yankee Traders, Old Coasters and African Middlemen: A History of American Legitimate Trade with West Africa in the Nineteenth Century, Boston: Boston University Press, 1970.

Brooks, Walter H.

"The Priority of the Silver Bluff Church and its Promoters," The Journal of Negro History, vol. vii, 1922.

Brunschvig, R.

"'Abd," Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1960.

Burton, Richard F.

Abeokuta and the Cameroons Mountains: An Exploration, 2 vols., London: Tinsley Brothers, 1863.

Burton, Richard F.

Wanderings in West Africa, 2 vols., London, 1863, New York: Dover, 1991.

Buxton, C.

The Memoirs of Sir Thomas F. Buxton, London, 1851.

Buxton, Thomas Fowell

The Slave Trade and Its Remedy, London: J. Murray, 1840.

Buxton, Sir Thomas F.V.

"Creole in West Africa," African Society, XII, 1913.

Carey, M.

Letters on the Colonization Society, with a View of Its Probable Results etc., second edition, Philadelphia: Young, 1832.

Carnes, Joshua A.

Journal of a Voyage from Boston to the West Coast of Africa, Boston: J.P. Jewett and Co., 1852; Cleveland: O.J. Proctor and Washington, 1852.

Cassell, C. Abayomi

Liberia: History of the First African Republic, New York: Fountainhead Press, 1970.

Chirenje, J. Mutero

Ethiopianism and Afro-Americans in Southern Africa, 1883-1916, Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1987.

Church Missionary Intelligencer

1850 onwards, London: Church Missionary Society.

Clarke, Richard F. S.J., editor

Cardinal Lavigerie and the African Slave Trade, London & New York: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1889.

Clay, Henry

Speech of the Hon. Henry Clay Before the American Colonization Society in the Hall of the House of Representatives, January 20, 1827, Washington: Printed at the Columbian Office, 1827

Cohen, Abner

"The Politics of Ritual Secrecy," Man, 6 (September, 1971). Reprinted in Edward A. Tiryakian, editor, On the Margins of the Visible: Sociology, The Esoteric, and the Occult, New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974.

Cole, Abayomi

The Revelation of the Secret Orders of Western Africa, Dayton, Ohio, 1886.

Colton, Rev. Calvin

Colonization and Abolition Contrasted, Philadelphia: Robert B. Davidson, no date (written after 1839 and before 1845).

Conneau, Theophilus

A Slaver's Log Book, or 20 Years' Residence in Africa: The Original 1853 Manuscript by Captain Theophilus Conneau, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall Inc, 1976.

Cookey, S.J.S.

"West African Immigrants in the Congo, 1885-1896," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 3, no. 2, December, 1965.

Cooper, Frederick

"The problem of slavery in African studies," Journal of African History, 20, 1, 1979.

Copley, Esther

A History of Slavery and its Abolition, London: Sunday School Union, 1836.

Coupland, Sir Reginald

The American Revolution and the British Empire, London and New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1930.

Coupland, Sir Reginald

The British Anti-Slavery Movement, London: Longmans, 1933, 2nd edition London: Frank Cass, 1964.

Cox, LaWanda C. Fenlason

Lincoln and Black Freedom: A Study in Presidential Leadership, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1985.

Cox, LaWanda and John H. Cox

Politics, Principle, and Prejudice: 1865-1866: Dilemma of Reconstruction America, New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1963.

Craton, Michael, ed

Roots and Branches: Current Directions in Slave Studies, Toronto: Pergamon Press, 1979.

Craton, Michael

Empire, Enslavement and Freedom in the Caribbean, Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1998.

Crowther, Samuel, and John Christopher Taylor

The Gospel on the Banks of the Niger: Journals and Notices of the Native Missionaries Accompanying the Niger Expedition of 1857-1859, London: CMS, 1859, reprinted London: Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1968.

Crummell, Alexander

The Relations and Duties of Freed colored men in America to Africa, Hartford, CT: Press of Cave, Lockwood, 1861.

Cugoano, O.

Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evils of Slavery, London, 1787.

Curtin, Philip D.

"The End of the 'White Man's Grave'? Nineteenth-century Mortality in West Africa," Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol. 21, no. 1, Summer, 1990.

Curtin, Philip D.

Economic Change in Precolonial Africa: Senegambia in the Era of the Slave Trade, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1975.

Curtin, Philip D., editor

Africa Remembered: Narratives by West Africans from the Era of the Slave Trade, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

Curtin, Philip D.

Two Jamaicas:, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1955.

Dallas, R.C.

The History of the Maroons, 2 volumes, London: T.N. Longman & O. Rees, 1803.

Dana, James

The African Slave Trade. A Discourse delivered in the City of New-Haven, September 9, 1790, beofre the Connecticut Society for the Promotion of Freedom . New Haven: Thomas and Samuel Green, 1791.

Davidson, Basil, editor

The African Past: Chronicles from Antiquity to Modern Times, Harmonsdworth, Middx.: Penguin Books, 1966.

Davidson, Basil

The Black Man's Burden: Africa and the Curse of the Nation State, London: James Currey, 1992.

Davis, David Brion

Slavery and Human Progress, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Davis, David Brion

The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution: 1770-1823, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1975.

Davis, David Brion

The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture, New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.

Dawson, Christopher

Religion and the Rise of Western Culture, London: Sheed and Ward, 1950.

Dawson, Christopher

The Making of Europe: An Introduction to the History of European Unity, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1994.

de Tocqueville, Alexis

Democracy in America, translated by George Lawrence, edited by J.P. Mayer, New York: Harper & Row, 1966, reprinted Harper Perennial Library Edition, New York, 1988.

Delany, M.R., and Robert Campbell

Search for a Place: Black Separatism and Africa, incorporating Official Report of the Niger Valley Exploring Party, by M.R. Delany, and A Pilgrimage to My Motherland: An Account of a Journey Among the Egbas and Yorubas of Central Africa, in 1859-60, by Robert Campbell, Ann Arbor: Michigan University Press, 1969.

Derman, W.

Serfs, Peasants and Socialists: A Former Serf Village in the Republic of Guinea, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1973.

Dickson, Mora

The Powerful Bond: Hannah Kilham, 1774-1832, London: Dobson Publishers, 1980.

Dike, Kenneth

The Origins of the Niger Mission: 1841-1891, a paper read at the Centenary of the Niger Mission at Christ Church, Onitsha, 13 November, 1957, published at Ibadan: Ibadan University Press for the C.M.S. Niger Mission, 1962.

Donn, D. Elwood

A History of the Episcopal Church in Liberia, 1821-1980, Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press, 1992.

Donnan, E.

Documents illustrative of the History of the Slave Trade to America, Washington, D.C., 1930-35.

Dooling, Wayne

"'The Good Opinion of Others': Law, Slavery and Community in the Cape Colony, c.1760-1830," in Nigel Worden & Clifton Crais, eds., Johannesburg, 1994.

Drake, Thomas E.

Quakers and Slavery in America, New Haven: Yale Historical Publications Miscellany LI, Yale University Press, 1950.

Drescher, Seymour

Econocide: British Slavery in the Era of Ablition, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1977.

Du Bois, W.E.B.

The Suppression of the Slave-Trade to the United States of America, 1638-1870, New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1898, reprinted New York: Russell and Russell, Inc., 1965.

Du Bois, W.E.B.

The Souls of Black Folk, London: Longmans, 1903, reprinted New York: Signet Classics of the New American Library, 1969.

Duffy, James

A Question of Slavery: Labour Policies in Portuguese Africa and the British Protest, 1850-1920, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1967.

Dummett, Raymond, and Marion Johnson

"Britain and the Suppression of Slavery in the Gold Coast Colony, Ashanti, and the Northern Territories," in Suzanne Miers and Richard Roberts, editors, The End of Slavery in Africa, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1988.

Duncan, T. Bentley

Atlantic Islands: Madeira, the Azores and the Cape Verdes in Seventeenth-Century Commerce and Navigation, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1972.

Dupuis, J.

Journal of a Residence in Ashantee, London: Henry Colburn, 1824.

Ekechi, Felix K.

Missionary Enterprise and Rivalry in Igboland, 1857-1914, London: Frank Cass, 1972.

Edwards, Jonathan

The Injustice and Impolicy of the Slave-Trade, and of the Slavery of the Africans (an address to the Connecticut Society for the Promotion of Freedom meeting in New Haven, September 15, 1791), Providence: John Carter, 1792.

Ekejiuba, Felicia

"Omu Okwei, The Merchant Queen of Ossomari: A Biographical Sketch," Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria, vol. 3, no. 4, June, 1967.

Ellingworth, Paul

"Mr. Freeman's Case," Journal of Religion in Africa, 27, 1, 1997.

Emmer, P.C. & M. Morner, editors

European Expansion and Migration: Essays on the Intercontinental Migration from Africa, Asia and Europe, New York: Berg, 1992.

Elsbree, Oliver Wendell

"Samuel Hopkins and his Doctrine of Benevolence," New England Quarterly, vol. VIII, 1935.

Equiano, Olaudah

Life of Olaudah Equiano, The , or Gustavus Vassa, The African: 1789, 2 vols., London: Dawsons of Pall Mall, 1969.

Equiano, Olaudah

The Interesting Narrative and Other Writings, Penguin Classics, ed. Vincent Caretta, London & New York: Penguin Books, 1995.

Evans-Pritchard, Sir Edward E.

Magic, Witchcraft and Oracles among the Azande, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1936.

Falconbridge, Alexander

An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa, London: J. Phillips, 1788.

Falconbridge, Anna Maria

Narrative of Two Voyages to Sierra Leone, during the Years 1791-2-3, In a Series of Letters, &c. London, 1794, reprinted London: Frank Cass, 1967.

Feierman, Steven

"African Histories and the Dissolution of World History," in Robert Bates, V. L. Mudimbe and Jean O'Barr, editors, Africa and the Disciplines, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993.

A Few Facts Respecting the American Colonization Society and the Colony at Liberia :

Washington: Way and Gideon, 1830.

Fiddles, Edward

"Lord Mansfield and the Sommersett Case," The Law Quarterly Review, CC, Oct., 1934.

Filler, Louis

The Crusade Against Slavery, 1830-1860, New York: Harper and Brothers, 1960.

Fisher, Allan G.B. & Humphrey J.

Slavery and Muslim Society in Africa, London: Christopher Hurst Publishers, 1970.

Fisher, Humphrey J.

"A Muslim Wilberforce? The Sokoto jihád as anti-slavery crusade: an enquiry into historical causes," in Serge Daget, ed., De la traite à l'esclavage: Actes du colloque international sur la traite des Noirs, Nantes, 1985, 2 vols., vol. 2, Nantes: Centre de récherche sur l'histoire du monde atlantique, Faculté des Lettres, & Paris: Socièté française d'histoire d'outre-mêr, 1988, 537-55.

Fitts, Leroy

Lott Carey: First Black Missionary to Africa, Valley Forge, PA: Judson Press, 1978, 34.

Five Slave Narratives: A Compendium

New York: Arno Press and The New York Times, 1968, vii, xii (no author or editor listed). London, 2nd edition: Charles Gilpin, 1849.

Fleischner, Jennifer

Mastering Slavery: Memory, Family, and Identity in Women's Slave Narratives, New York: New York University Press, 1996.

A Forensic Dispute on the Legality of enslaving the Africans

held at the public Commencement in Cambridge, New England, July 21st, 1773, by two Candidates for the Bachelor's Degree [Theodore Parsons and Eliphalet Pearson], Boston: Printed for Thomas Leverett, 1773.

Fox, Early Lee

The American Colonization Society, 1817-1840, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, The Johns Hopkins Press, 1919.

Franklin, John Hope

From Slavery to Freedom: A History of Negro Americans, 1947, 4th edition New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1974.

Franklin, John Hope

George Washington Williams and Africa, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Freedom's Journal

published New York, 1827-1829.

Fredrickson, George M.

"A Man but Not a Brother: Abraham Lincoln and Racial Equality," chapter in Fredrickson's The Arrogance of Race: Historical Perspectives on Slavery, Racism and Social Inequality, Hanover, NH: University Press of New England for Wesleyan University Press, 1988.

Frothingham, Rev. O.B.

"Colonization," Anti-Slavery Tracts, no. 3, ?1850s.

The Fugitive Blacksmith: Or, Events in the History of James W.C. Pennington, Pastor of a Presbyterian Church, New York, Formerly a Slave in the State of Maryland, United States

second edition, London: Charles Gilpin, 1849, in Five Slave Narratives: A Compendium, New York: Arno Press and the New York Times, 1968.

Fuller, Thomas, Jr.

Journal of a Voyage to Liberia and a visit to several of its settlements, Baltimore, 1851.

Fuller, Thomas Oscar

Pictorial History of the American Negro: a study of progress and development along social, political, economic, educational and spiritual lines, Memphis, TN: Pictorial History Inc., 1933.

Fyfe, Christopher

"European and Creole Influences in the hinterland of Sierra Leone before 1896," Sierra Leone Studies, new series, 6, 1956.

Fyfe, Christopher

A History of Sierra Leone, London: Oxford University Press, 1962.

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Plan of a Settlement to be made near Sierra Leona, on the Grain Coast of Africa: Intended more particularly for the service and happy establishment of Blacks and People of Colour, to be shipped as freemen under the direction of the Committee for Relieving the Black Poor, and under the protection of the British Government, London, 1786.

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Breaking the Chains: Slavery and its Legacy in the Nineteenth-Century Cape Colony, Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press, 1994.

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The Atlantic and Slavery, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1935.

Overview | General Bibliography