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Listed Under:  Segregation

Code of Alabama

Jim Crow Laws

Citation Information:"Jim Crow Laws," The Code of Alabama, v.1. 1923. Atlanta.

1901.—Sections 101-103

Sec. 102. The legislature shall never pass any law to authorize or legalize any marriage between any white person and a negro, or descendant of a negro.

Sec. 194. The poll tax mentioned this article shall be one dollar and fifty cents upon each male inhabitant of the state, over the age of twenty-one years, and under the age of fifty-five years, who would not now be exempt by law; but the legislature is authorized to increase the maximum age fixed in this section to not more than sixty years. Such poll tax shall become due and payable on the first day of October in each year, and become delinquent on the first day of the next succeeding February, but no legal process, nor any fee or commission shall be allowed for the collection thereof. The tax collecto5r shall make returns of poll tax collections separate from other collections.

Sec. 195. Any person who shall pay the poll tax of another, or advance him money for that purpose in order to influence his vote, shall be guilty of bribery, and upon conviction therefor shall be imprisoned in the penitentiary for not less than one nor more than five years.

Sec. 196. If any section or subdivision of this article shall, for any reason, be or be held by any court of competent jurisdiction and of final resort to be invalid, inoperative, or void, the residue of this article shall not be thereby invalidated or affected.


Section 256. The legislature shall establish, organize, and maintain a liberal system of public schools throughout the state for the benefit of the children thereof between the ages of seven and twenty-one years. The public school fund shall be apportioned to the several counties in proportion to the number of school children of school age therein, and shall be so apportioned to the schools in the districts or townships in the counties as to provide, as nearly as practicable, school terms of equal duration in such school districts or townships. Separate schools shall be provided for white and colored children, and no child of either race shall be permitted to attend a school of the other race.


Section 1. The general assembly shall establish, organize, and maintain a system of public schools throughout the state, for the equal benefit of the children thereof between he ages of seven and twenty-one years; but separate schools shall be provided for the children of citizens of African descent.