Below are several links to documents directly or indirectly related
to forest certification. These documents are only a starting point for
understanding certification and forest management issues; they are not
endorsed by YPFC. If you would like to add or change a link or file
to the website, please contact email@example.com
First Look at Logging in Gabon. Global Forest Watch,
Provides an overview of logging activities in Gabon, summarizes its
forestry law and tax system, and showcases the work of two government
agencies and a logging company that have each utilized new management
tools to bring about more sustainable use of the resource.
Sustainable Forest Future? D. Pearce, F. Putz, and J. Vanclay.
2000. (Under revision for inclusion in D.W. Pearce and C.G.Pearce, Case
Studies in Environmental Valuation: Volume 1 - The Developing World,
Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2002).
Reviews the available literature so as to cast some light on the issue
of the type of forest management regime that is best suited to the overall
aim of slowing the rate of loss of the world’s forests and biodiversity,
with the understanding that the concept of ‘sustainable
forestry’ as the most preferred option has recently come under
criticism from those who argue that it is neither profitable nor necessarily
environmentally preferable to conventional logging.
of the Status of Current Certification Schemes in Promoting Conservation.
Conservation and Community Investment Forum 2002.
This study aims to provide private foundations with a highly pragmatic
decision framework for their future support of certification efforts.
Sustainable Forest Management: Opportunities and Challenges for Improving
Forest Management in the Next Millennium (Summary Paper).
C. Ljungman, R. Martin, and A. Whiteman. FAO 1999. A summary of recent
reports prepared for the FAO Forestry Department as an input to the
World Bank Forest Policy Implementation Review and Strategy.
the gap: communities, forests and international networks : synthesis
report of the project 'Learning lessons from International Community
Forestry Networks.' CIFOR 2003.
Compiles the main lessons learned from the emergence of international
networks of NGOs supporting community forestry in terms of: advocacy
effectiveness, communications techniques, network governance, relations
with donors, and linkage to social movements. Reviews seven countries
and ten networks.
and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management and Implications for
Certification and Trade in Africa. FAO African Forestry
and Wildlife Commission, Lusaka, Zambia, 27-30 March 2000.
Describes the various international and regional processes and initiatives
that are developing criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management
and discusses the relationship between these and certification efforts.
Highlights the complementarities that exist between them and indicates
the implications they have for trade in forest products.
Does forest certification
conserve biodiversity? R. E. Gullison. Oryx. April 2003.
Article examines how and whether forest certification leads to the protection
of biological diversity on-the-ground, especially in tropical regions.
Although forest certification as a general tool is examined, this paper
explores the potential and actual impact of the Forest Stewardship Council
Certification and Communities: Looking forward to the next decade. Forest
An assessment of community experiences with certification to date, an
evaluation of the range of direct and indirect impacts on communities
in different geographic regions, and an examination of the strategic
issues that certification will likely face in the future, suggesting
refinements to increase the effectiveness of this instrument for communities.
Certification: Forging Novel Incentives for the Environment and Sustainable
Forest Management. M. Simula, E. Rametsteiner, A. Blåsten,
T. Green and B. Pajari (editors). Proceedings of the International Workshop
Brussels, Belgium, 6–7 September 2001.
The workshop sought to examine the scope and options for possible validation
or endorsement of certification schemes to enhance the effectiveness
and efficiency of forest certification as a tool to promote sustainable
forest management globally. Contributed to the on-going international
dialogue on exploring the need for, and possible mechanisms of, mutual
recognition between certification schemes
Certification: Pending challenges for tropical timber.
Served as background information for an ITTO workshop on certification
held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 3–4 April 2002, updating the
current situation and clarifying the issues of comparability and equivalence.
Includes the recommendations of the ITTO workshop.
certification: Understanding Ecolabel Usage Requirements.
R. Anderson, E. Hansen. Oregon State University.
Explains the broad concept of forest certification and then focuses
on describing two components of third-party forest certification schemes
– ecolabel usage and the steps that must be taken in order to
use the label – discussed among the four forest certification
schemes that are most relevant in North America and Europe.
that works for forests and people: real prospects for governance and
livelihoods. J. Mayers and S. Bass. IIED 1999.
Contents include: Forest problems - is policy really to blame? Understanding
policy in practice; Lessons learned from country studies in Pakistan,
Papua New Guinea, India, Ghana, Zimbabwe and Costa Rica; key policy
developments in Portugal, Scotland, China, Australia, Scandinavia, West
Africa; Corporate influences on policy for forests; Certification and
buyers groups; Global change and international games; Factors that affect
forest decision-making and policy outcomes; Policy processes that work;
Policy instruments that work: What can be done.
of Standard-Based Approaches in Community Forestry Development: Findings
from Two Case Studies in Southeast Asia. Prepared by Matthew
D. Markopoulos for Regional Community Forestry Training Center for Asian
and the Pacific. October 2004. Based on two case studies, this report
analyses the effects on local forest management capacities of two community-oriented
Standard-Based approaches: (1) Certification of village forestry associations
in Lao PDR; and (2) Environmental Performance monitoring of community-based
forest management in the Philippines.
the Wood from the Trees. An edited version
was published in The Ecologist 31(6): 2001.
Critiques that the “ideological foundations of the present environmental
and social crisis has been replaced by a search for technical solutions
in collaboration with government and industry.” Uses Precious
Woods Amazon to analyze the myths often used to defend certified logging
in primary forests.
of the World’s Forests 2003. FAO 2003.
The State of the World's Forests reports every two years on the status
of forests, recent major policy and institutional developments and key
issues concerning the forest sector. This is the fifth edition of the
publication, the purpose of which is to provide current and reliable
information to policy-makers, foresters and other natural resource managers,
academics, forest industry and civil society.
in Credibility: The Myth and Reality of the Forest Stewardship Council.
S. Counsell and K. Terje Loraas. The Rainforest Foundation 2002.
A critical analysis of the effectiveness of the FSC, investigating of
the main interests involved in the FSC, as well as issues of democracy
and accountability of the organization. Nine case studies are used to
illustrate problematic issues.
Forest Management Techniques: A Review of the sustainability of forest
management practices in tropical countries. FAO 2000.
Describes the extent of the tropical forest resource and discusses some
of the issues that are currently being raised in the debate about sustainable
forest management; describes experiences from tropical countries around
the world with sustained yield management and considers forest management
for objectives other than wood production; appraises experiences to
date and discusses the scope for improving forest management in the
future; makes recommendations about how forest management might be improved.