Our program has produced numerous books, articles, working papers, and
presentations related to forest certification and broader forest policy
and management. Many
of our publications may be downloaded in PDF format for free from this
website. Please click on the type of publication below. A list of relevant
outside publications is also included below.
Provides an overview of logging activities in Gabon, summarizes
its forestry law and tax system, and showcases the work of two
government agencies and a logging
company that have each utilized new management tools to bring about more sustainable
use of the resource.
Sustainable Forest Future? D. Pearce, F. Putz, and J.
Vanclay. 2000. (Under revision for inclusion in D.W. Pearce and C.G.Pearce, Case
Studies in Environmental Valuation: Volume 1 - The Developing World,
Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 2002).
Reviews the available literature so as to cast some light on the issue of the
type of forest management regime that is best suited to the overall aim of
slowing the rate of loss of the world’s forests and biodiversity, with
the understanding that the concept of ‘sustainable
forestry’ as the most preferred option has recently come under criticism
from those who argue that it is neither profitable nor necessarily environmentally
preferable to conventional logging.
of the Status of Current Certification Schemes in Promoting Conservation. Conservation
and Community Investment Forum 2002.
This study aims to provide private foundations with a highly pragmatic decision
framework for their future support of certification efforts.
Sustainable Forest Management: Opportunities and Challenges for Improving
Forest Management in the Next Millennium (Summary Paper). C.
Ljungman, R. Martin, and A. Whiteman. FAO 1999. A summary of recent
reports prepared for the FAO Forestry Department as an input to the
World Bank Forest Policy Implementation Review and Strategy.
the gap: communities, forests and international networks : synthesis
report of the project 'Learning lessons from International Community
Forestry Networks.' CIFOR 2003.
Compiles the main lessons learned from the emergence of international networks
of NGOs supporting community forestry in terms of: advocacy effectiveness,
communications techniques, network governance, relations with donors, and linkage
to social movements. Reviews seven countries and ten networks.
and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management and Implications
for Certification and Trade in Africa. FAO African Forestry
and Wildlife Commission, Lusaka, Zambia, 27-30 March 2000.
Describes the various international and regional processes and initiatives
that are developing criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management
and discusses the relationship between these and certification efforts. Highlights
the complementarities that exist between them and indicates the implications
they have for trade in forest products.
Does forest certification
conserve biodiversity? R. E. Gullison. Oryx. April 2003.
Article examines how and whether forest certification leads to the
protection of biological diversity on-the-ground, especially in tropical
regions. Although forest certification as a general tool is examined,
this paper explores the potential and actual impact of the Forest
Stewardship Council in particular.
Certification and Communities: Looking forward to the next decade.
Forest Trends, 2003.
An assessment of community experiences with certification to date, an evaluation
of the range of direct and indirect impacts on communities in different geographic
regions, and an examination of the strategic issues that certification will
likely face in the future, suggesting refinements to increase the effectiveness
of this instrument for communities.
Certification: Forging Novel Incentives for the Environment and Sustainable
Forest Management. M. Simula, E. Rametsteiner, A. Blåsten,
T. Green and B. Pajari (editors). Proceedings of the International
Workshop Brussels, Belgium, 6–7 September 2001.
The workshop sought to examine the scope and options for possible validation
or endorsement of certification schemes to enhance the effectiveness and efficiency
of forest certification as a tool to promote sustainable forest management
globally. Contributed to the on-going international dialogue on exploring the
need for, and possible mechanisms of, mutual recognition between certification
Certification: Pending challenges for tropical timber. ITTO
Served as background information for an ITTO workshop on certification held
in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 3–4 April 2002, updating the current situation
and clarifying the issues of comparability and equivalence. Includes the recommendations
of the ITTO workshop.
certification: Understanding Ecolabel Usage Requirements. R.
Anderson, E. Hansen. Oregon State University.
Explains the broad concept of forest certification and then focuses on describing
two components of third-party forest certification schemes – ecolabel
usage and the steps that must be taken in order to use the label – discussed
among the four forest certification schemes that are most relevant in North
America and Europe.
that works for forests and people: real prospects for governance
and livelihoods. J. Mayers and S. Bass. IIED 1999.
Contents include: Forest problems - is policy really to blame? Understanding
policy in practice; Lessons learned from country studies in Pakistan, Papua
New Guinea, India, Ghana, Zimbabwe and Costa Rica; key policy developments
in Portugal, Scotland, China, Australia, Scandinavia, West Africa; Corporate
influences on policy for forests; Certification and buyers groups; Global change
and international games; Factors that affect forest decision-making and policy
outcomes; Policy processes that work; Policy instruments that work: What can
The Role of
Standard-Based Approaches in Community Forestry Development: Findings
from Two Case Studies in Southeast Asia. Prepared by
Matthew D. Markopoulos for Regional Community Forestry Training Center
for Asian and the Pacific. October 2004. Based on two case studies,
this report analyses the effects on local forest management capacities
of two community-oriented Standard-Based approaches: (1) Certification
of village forestry associations in Lao PDR; and (2) Environmental
Performance monitoring of community-based forest management in the
the Wood from the Trees. An edited
version was published in The Ecologist 31(6): 2001.
Critiques that the “ideological foundations of the present environmental
and social crisis has been replaced by a search for technical solutions in
collaboration with government and industry.” Uses Precious Woods Amazon
to analyze the myths often used to defend certified logging in primary forests.
of the World’s Forests 2003. FAO 2003.
The State of the World's Forests reports every two years on the status of forests,
recent major policy and institutional developments and key issues concerning
the forest sector. This is the fifth edition of the publication, the purpose
of which is to provide current and reliable information to policy-makers, foresters
and other natural resource managers, academics, forest industry and civil society.
in Credibility: The Myth and Reality of the Forest Stewardship Council. S.
Counsell and K. Terje Loraas. The Rainforest Foundation 2002.
A critical analysis of the effectiveness of the FSC, investigating of the main
interests involved in the FSC, as well as issues of democracy and accountability
of the organization. Nine case studies are used to illustrate problematic issues.
Forest Management Techniques: A Review of the sustainability of forest
management practices in tropical countries. FAO 2000.
Describes the extent of the tropical forest resource and discusses some of
the issues that are currently being raised in the debate about sustainable
forest management; describes experiences from tropical countries around the
world with sustained yield management and considers forest management for objectives
other than wood production; appraises experiences to date and discusses the
scope for improving forest management in the future; makes recommendations
about how forest management might be improved.