SEVENTH AMERICAN FOREST CONGRESS

Many Voices - - A Common Vision



Summary Report

Draft Principles


The Forest Congress participants developed 40 additional principles during a missing- principles session. A tally was not recorded on one principle relating to urban forestry, Number 51 on the tally sheet, at the request of Congress.

There was no time, however, for working groups to recraft these additional draft principles before a tally on levels of agreement was taken. The 39 additional principles are listed in order of level of agreement, from most agreement to least.

At the top of each of the 19 sheets that listed the principles to be tallied, the participants were instructed to: "Please indicate your agreement (green); your sense of un-ease or lack of information (yellow); or your disagreement (red) for each potential principle. Do this for each potential principle as a stand-a-lone point, even if they overlap."


Green: Agreement, include as a vision element.
Yellow: Mixed feelings, but willing to accept as a vision element.
Red: Disagreement, do not include as a vision element.



1. Natural resource issues should be resolved by peaceful means.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green87881%
Yellow777%
Red12512%
Total1080100%


2. Create financial and nonfinancial incentives for long-term forest stewardship.



Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green87581%
Yellow11210%
Red939%
Total1080100%


3. Conflicts over forest issues will be resolved through nonviolent processes.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green77271%
Yellow939%
Red21520%
Total1080100%


4. Forest conservation will be promoted through efficient use, minimization of waste, recycling and reuse of forest products, and diversification of fiber sources. Clarification: "Sustainable forest management" may be substituted for "forest conservation."


Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green74669%
Yellow20519%
Red13012%
Total1081100%


5. Forest policies should be long-term, nonpartisan commitments‹needed to accomplish long-term sustainability.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green69865%
Yellow19718%
Red18217%
Total1077100%


6. Recognize the special importance of existing old-growth forests.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green68163%
Yellow17816%
Red22521%
Total1084100%


7. Forests should be managed through adaptive decision-making processes based on data obtained using standardized inventory protocols, continuing assessments, monitoring, and adjustments that reflect evolving knowledge.


Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green66963%
Yellow19618%
Red20519%
Total1070100%

8. Forests will be understood in the local context in which they exist and valued for their special qualities.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green59455%
Yellow24223%
Red23922%
Total1075100%


9. Dialogue and policy on forest issues will be based on a common understanding of terminology that is specific and clear.


Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green59154%
Yellow20218%
Red29927%
Total1092100%


10. Soil productivity is a basic component of forest health.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green57753%
Yellow14013%
Red36234%
Total1079100%


11. Forests should be professionally managed under a multiple use philosophy that recognizes that each acre cannot provide all goods and services values.


Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green56753%
Yellow25624%
Red25123%
Total1074100%


12. Regulation of private forestlands for public benefit should recognize private property rights and responsibilities.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green57153%
Yellow23121%
Red28226%
Total1084100%


13. Water quality and quantity from headwaters to the sea are essential to the health and vigor of both forest and human communities.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green56452%
Yellow21120%
Red30428%
Total1079100%


14. Sovereign rights of tribes and responsibilities relative to forests should be recognized.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green54250%
Yellow22621%
Red32029%
Total1088100%


15. Citizens and interests have the right to seek administrative and judicial review to ensure that land management decisions comply with existing laws, including Clean Water Act, Endangered Species Act, National Forest Management Act, and National Environmental Policy Act.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green50347%
Yellow16715%
Red41138%
Total1081100%


16. Healthy forests require reinvestment in the communities they surround, through such vehicles as tax systems, incentive programs, and credit access.


Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green48846%
Yellow24623%
Red33731%
Total1071100%


17. Forest resource­based community wellbeing should be enhanced through value-added manufacturing as close to the source (forest) as feasible.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green48645%
Yellow24423%
Red34532%
Total1075100%


18. Any forest will be appreciated as integral within a global ecosystem.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green48545%
Yellow21420%
Red37435%
Total1073100%


19. Research reserves for all ecotypes should be established and maintained as scientific controls.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green47944%
Yellow28927%
Red31229%
Total1080100%


20. Corporations should be accountable to the communities of place of its operations.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green42839%
Yellow25323%
Red40437%
Total1085100%


21. Visual impact should receive suitable attention in the management operations on all forestlands.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green39937%
Yellow26925%
Red40438%
Total1072100%


22. The people principle: people depend on the continued existence of all kinds of forests. Forests depend on the awareness and values of people.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green37835%
Yellow19818%
Red50547%
Total1081100%


23. The remaining publicly owned ancient forests/old-growth shall be protected for future generations.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green35833%
Yellow21220%
Red50847%
Total1078100%


24. Congress should not suspend existing law temporarily. If laws require substantive changes Congress should act through the authorization process, including full debate and public involvement.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green34732%
Yellow14313%
Red58855%
Total1078100%


25. Forests will be cared for (managed) in order to maintain the greatest number of indigenous species world wide.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green33832%
Yellow25124%
Red47745%
Total1066100%


26. National forests are not national parks.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green31929%
Yellow14213%
Red62357%
Total1084100%


27. Forests, rivers, air, mountains, and all life forms, including humans, constitute one community to which we all belong.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green29427%
Yellow25123%
Red53349%
Total1078100%

28. All people should be assured of the right to full public participation in all decision-making processes.


Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green29227%
Yellow19318%
Red59255%
Total1077100%

29. Community wellbeing should be enhanced by recognizing that, though all forms of life are important, humans of this and future generations deserve top priority. People come first.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green28426%
Yellow19919%
Red59055%
Total1073100%

30. Lost, damaged, and depleted forest ecosystems should be restored for future generations.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green26625%
Yellow27225%
Red53150%
Total1069100%

31. Live as part of the larger ecology of the land.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green22721%
Yellow20419%
Red63960%
Total1070100%

32. The full cost of timber sale preparation and harvest on public lands shall be borne by those deriving economic benefit.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green22521%
Yellow21620%
Red63159%
Total1072100%


33. Roadless areas that are representative of all ecosystem types are necessary as biological refugia, baselines, and "controls" for management experiments. These areas should be at least 5,000 contiguous areas and include ancient (old-growth) forests.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green18517%
Yellow25924%
Red63159%
Total1075100%

34. Cultural diversity is part of and is critical to the maintenance of biodiversity and is best expressed by the term "ecodiversity."

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green18017%
Yellow25824%
Red63859%
Total1076100%

35. Forest product prices will reflect the full cost of maintenance, monitoring, and waste management.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green17917%
Yellow21120%
Red68964%
Total1079100%


36. Public forests will be managed for all forms of appropriate recreation.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green16916%
Yellow25624%
Red64660%
Total1071100%

37. Ecological and ecocultural restoration should be integrated into ecosystem management due to its holistic integration of ethics, economics, ecology, etc.

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green12211%
Yellow24122%
Red70966%
Total1072100%

38. Roading on public lands (no road construction or reconstruction on public lands).

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green515%
Yellow585%
Red97690%
Total1085100%

39. Logging on public lands (no logging on public lands).

Level of
Agreement
ParticipantsPercent
Green474%
Yellow535%
Red98791%
Total1087100%


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