|Small tree of 20 to 40 ft. with muscular appearing gray bark. Hard,
tough wood used for tool handles and other small articles.
BUDS: Brown and square in cross-section; buds lie close to twigs; bud scales in four rows; false end buds
TWIGS: Brown and slender; slightly zigzag; may be slightly hairy
BARK: Grey, muscular trunk with rippled and sinewy appearance
HABITAT: Rich soils and bottomlands; understories