Carpinus caroliniana

                Small tree of 20 to 40 ft. with muscular appearing gray bark. Hard, tough wood used for tool handles and other small articles.

BUDS: Brown and square in cross-section; buds lie close to twigs; bud scales in four rows; false end buds

TWIGS: Brown and slender; slightly zigzag; may be slightly hairy

BARK: Grey, muscular trunk with rippled and sinewy appearance

HABITAT: Rich soils and bottomlands; understories

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