ELEMENTS OF AN IDEAL WORKSTATION
Viewing Angles and Distance
- Position monitor, keyboard, and chair in straight line,
- Top of monitor screen at or slightly below the eye horizon,
- Comfortable, non-straining distance to read monitor (typically 15-30 inches),
- Adjust brightness, contrast, and color to comfortable levels,
- Avoid glare by positioning away from windows and direct lights,
- Keep written work materials propped up near monitor screen.
Neutral Typing Position
- Use an adjustable chair, keyboard tray, or desk/table to achieve the "neutral position" of a straight hand: wrist: forearm,
- Keep upper and lower arms at a 90 degree angle to each other,
- Position mouse as closely to keyboard as possible to minimize reaching and twisting.
Lower Back Support
- Use a chair that provides lumbar (lower back) support - if adjustable, adjust to maintain an erect sitting posture,
- Ideal chairs can be easily raised or lowered, and have 5 wheel legs for safety,
- Keep feet planted firmly on floor or footstool to counterbalance forces on lower back.
Legs and Feet
- Plant feet firmly on floor or - if not possible - use a foot stool,
- Keep thighs parallel to floor,
- Ensure leg clearance from table or keyboard tray to avoid bumps, scratches, pinches, and torn clothing.