Western Hinterland of Qamûla:
The Rock Inscriptions of Gebel Akhenaton
Not far from Pahu's inscriptions site is another collection of inscriptions, the most remarkable of which are three depictions of Akhenaton, after whom we have named the site Gebel Akhenaton.
Gebel Akhenaton Lower Site No. 7:
Akhenaton Elevating Offerings to the Arms of the Aton
Akhenaton holds out a tray of offerings to the downward reaching arms — or as the Egyptians would no doubt have described them, rays with hands49 — of the Aton,50 the disk of which has vanished, presuming it was originally fully carved. The offering tray appears to hold five small and roughly circular loaves of bread, with more obscure offerings atop them; the long, horizontal object onthe left, apparently unfinished at the right end, may represent a clump of onions. Although somewhatcharicateurish, even considering the exagerrations inherent in the Amarna artistic idiom, Akhenaton’s face reveals the features of the first phase of his new artistic style, and is rendered withsomesuccess, especially considering the rough medium of the gebel surface.51
Behind Akhenaton is a military standard, in the form of a boat and fan atop a pole, apparently a naval ensign.52 A similar rock art depiction of a military standard appears in a rock depiction at Kanais.53 The depictions of Akhenaton are most likely the work of a member of a naval contingent, as is the Amarna Period hieratic inscription of the naval scribe Ramose at Deir Abu Hinnis; the standard in the Gebel Akhenaton depiction suggests more specifically that the image is the work of a standard bearer.54