Yale University Libraries and Collections

PROPAGANDA & THE MOBILIZATION OF TOTAL WAR

“Alongside the mobilization of men, munitions and labour…came the mobilization of minds. Here the boundaries between the private and the public realms, between individual expression and thought control, were redrawn or obliterated.”
— Blaine Baggett and Jay Winter, 1914-1918

EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY SOURCES

  • Niall Ferguson, “The August Days: The Myth of War Enthusiasm,” The Pity of War (London: Penguin Press, 1998) 174-211.
  • John Horne and Alan Kramer, ‘German “Atrocities” and Franco-German Opinion, 1914: The Evidence of German Soldiers’ Diaries. Journal of Modern History, 66 (March 1994) 1-33.

AREAS TO EXPLORE

CONTEMPORARY REPRESENTATIONS
OF THE WAR
  • Censorship
  • The defence of Belgium
  • The defence of home
  • The film industry and the war
  • Gender and propaganda
  • Manpower and methods of recruitment
CONTEMPORARY UNDERSTANDINGS
OF THE WAR
  • Conscription and conscietious objectors
  • The ‘Enemy within’—the Alsatian, the Armenian
  • Imperial loyalties
  • The ‘Mood of 1914’
  • Volunteerism and the Pals’ Battalion

EXAMPLES OF MATERIALS RELATED TO PROPAGANDA & MOBILIZATION

POSTERS, POSTCARDS, & ILLUSTRATIONS
  • War posters. War poster collection, 1914-1918 (bulk). MS 671. Manuscripts and Archives.
  • World War I collections, 1914-1983 (bulk). MS 466. Manuscripts and Archives.
THE WAR IN ART, FILM, & FICTION
  • Marinetti Libroni papers, GEN MSS 475, Beinecke Library.
  • Army Song Book issued by the US War Department, 1918, M1646 A741, Music Library.
  • Marching Songs: a handbook of nation melodies for our soldiers in camp, in barracks, or on the march 1914, VL18 118, Mudd Library.
  • Imperial War Museum film catalogue, D522.22 I46 1994. Sterling Memorial Library.
  • Films militaires francais de la premiere guerre mondiale: catalogue des milms muets d’actualite realises par le Service, cinematographique de l’Armee, D522.22 L46 1997 + Oversize.
  • World War I collections, 1914-1983 (bulk). MS 466. Manuscripts and Archives.
WAR JOURNALISM AND PAMPHLETEERING
  • Periodicals Archive Online.
  • (London) Times Digital Archive.
  • World War I collections, 1914-1983 (bulk). MS 466. Manuscripts and Archives.
Chaplin Revue

“Shoulder Arms,” Chaplin revue: consisting of three early Chaplin films.videovhs 1918-23. Film Study Center.

USE ORBIS TO FIND BOOKS, PAMPHLETS, ARCHIVAL MATERIAL

  • World War, 1914-1918—Art and the war
  • World War, 1914-1918—Atrocities
  • World War, 1914-1918—Battlefields—Guidebooks
  • World War, 1914-1918-—Fiction
  • World War, 1914-1918—Food supply
  • World War, 1914-1918—Newspapers
  • World War, 1914-1918—Personal narratives
  • World War, 1914-1918—Propaganda
  • World War, 1914-1918—Pictorial works
  • World War, 1914-1918—Public Opinion
  • World War, 1914-1918—Recruitment and Enlistment
  • World War, 1914-1918—Songs and Music