Chinese on System 7 and OS 8

Installation

In 1992, System 7.1 and WorldScript brought multilingual computing to the Macintosh. The Chinese Language Kit (CLK) was a system extension based on the localized Chinese-language versions of the Mac OS. Unfortunately, Apple was slow to upgrade the CLK with new features developed by Apple Asia. Five years passed between CLK 1.1 in 1993 and the next upgrade in features, CLK 2.0 in 1998. With the release of OS 9 in 1999, the CLK was integrated into the new "Language Kits" package included on all Install CDs, worldwide.

To check the compatibility of these classic systems with your computer, go to:

Note: If you have OS 8.5 or 8.6, Apple strongly recommends that you upgrade to OS 9.1 (or 9.2, if possible) to get the CLK.

Apple provides PDF versions of its language kit manuals online at: http://docs.info.apple.com/article.html?artnum=50037

These include:

  • CLK 1.0 Simplified Chinese Input Method Guide (1993, part # 030-4900)
  • CLK 2.0 User's Manual (1998, part # 034-0602)

Updating the System

In order to avoid problems installing the CLK on System 7 and OS 8 you should first update your system to one of the following:

  • System 7.1 ~ You can install CLK 1.0/1.1.
  • System 7.5.3 or 7.5.5 ~ You can install CLK 1.1.1/1.2 on System 7.5.3 or 7.5.5 with no problems.
  • OS 7.6.1 ~ You can install CLK 1.1.1/1.2 or 2.0 with no problems.
    • Download the OS 7.6.1 update (also available on the CLK 2.0 CD) here.*
  • OS 8.1 ~ You can install CLK 1.1.1/1.2 or 2.0 on OS 8.1 with no problems.
    • Download the OS 8.1 update here.*
  • OS 8.6 ~ You can install CLK 1.1.1/1.2 or 2.0 on OS 8.6 with no problems.
    • Download the OS 8.6 update here.*

* If you have a system other than North American English, you can find your updates at the Apple Support Area.

Installing CLK 1.0/1.1/1.1.1

TC and SC are installed one at a time. Insert the CD (or the first disk), double-click on either TC or SC, and follow the instructions on the screen. Installs the Simplified Chinese Input Method (SCIM) and the Simplified Chinese Dictionary Tool, along with five TC input modes: Pinyin, Zhuyin, Cangjie, Dayi, and Parrot (for Roman text). There are additional fonts on the CD, which can be dragged to the System Folder.

You must run the CLK Updater for System 7.5, which creates CLK 1.1.1 from CLK 1.1. It is included with the CLK 1.1 floppy disks, but is also available at: ftp://ftp.cuhk.hk/pub/chinese/ifcss/software/mac/c-sys/ (CLK1.1.1updater.hqx)

  • If you are installing on OS 8.1, you must also run the Language Kit Updater for OS 8, available on the OS 8 CD and online at Apple Software Updates.
  • If you are installing on OS 8.6, you must also run the Language Kit Updater for OS 8.5, available on the OS 8.5/8.6 CD (not available online).

Installing CLK 1.2

TC and SC can be installed at the same time. Insert the CD (or the first disk), double-click on the "Installer" icon, and follow the instructions on the screen. Installs the Simplified Chinese Input Method (SCIM) and the Simplified Chinese Dictionary Tool, along with five TC input modes: Pinyin, Zhuyin, Cangjie, Dayi, and Parrot (for Roman text).

  • If you are installing on OS 8.1, you must run the Language Kit Updater for OS 8, available on the OS 8 CD and online at Apple Software Updates.
  • If you are installing on OS 8.6, you must also run the Language Kit Updater for OS 8.5, available on the OS 8.5/8.6 CD (not available online).

Installing CLK 2.0

Be sure to review the "Chinese LK Read Me First" document before installing.

Insert the CD and double-click on the "Installer" icon. Click "Continue." In the Installer dialog box, you can choose "Easy Install" to install the SCIM, TCIM, system fonts (Taipei and/or Beijing), two TC fonts (LiSung Light and LiGothic Medium), two SC fonts (Song and Kai), and utilities including the Language Register, Input Method Plug-in Converter, Traditional Chinese Dictionary Tool, Simplified Chinese Dictionary Tool, and TrueType Font Editor.

The "Custom Install" (click on the triangles to see the contents of the folders) option allows you to install additional TC (BiauKai) and SC (Fang Song and Hei) fonts.

  • If you are installing on OS 8.6, you must run the Language Kit Updater for OS 8.5, available on the OS 8.5/8.6 CD (not available online).

Installing Traditional Chinese Without the CLK

It is possible to install incomplete but functional Traditional Chinese support without the Chinese Language Kit, using components available online:

  1. Prepare your system by updating to System 7.5.5, OS 7.6.1, or OS 8.1.
  2. Download the file CLK1.1.1updater.hqx at: ftp://ftp.cuhk.hk/pub/chinese/ifcss/software/mac/c-sys/
  3. Double-click on the downloaded file (this will decompress it).
  4. Use Disk Copy to open the disk image.
  5. Open the "Support Files" folder and find these five files:
    CLK support files
  6. Drag the them onto your closed System Folder, and the System will put them where they belong. This won't work if the System Folder is open. It must be closed.
  7. Download and install TCIM 1.4 (see below). To get inline input, you can also install these three files from the "TCIM 1.4" folder (replacing InputBackSupport):
    TCIM support files
  8. Download and install NiceTaipei 1.6.1 (see below). The NTU fonts for Mac will also work.
  9. If you are installing on OS 8.1, you must also run the Language Kit Updater for OS 8, available on your OS 8 CD and online at Apple Software Updates.

Pan-Asia Language Environment/UniText

PanALE/UniText is a stand-alone language kit and text editor for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean in System 7.1 and above. Does not require the Apple language kits. See:

http://www.unidocsys.com/products/UniText/

Fonts

The CLK installs a total of nine fonts. The system fonts are Taipei (Traditional Chinese) and Beijing (Simplified Chinese). Three additional Traditional Chinese fonts can be installed: LiSung Light, LiGothic Medium, and BiauKai. Four additional Simplified Chinese fonts can be installed: Song, Hei, Kai, and Fang Song.

NiceTaipei was designed as a replacement for the Taipei font. It is easier to read in Chinese, and for Roman text it is the same as Geneva. You can download it at: http://ftp.nsysu.edu.tw/Mac/Chinese/classic/font/

  • System 7.5 to OS 8.1
    1. Download the files "NiceTaipei1.6.sit.bin" and "NiceTaipei1.6.1Update.sit.bin".
    2. Replace the two older files in the "NiceTaipei 1.6" folder with the two newer files in the "NiceTaipei1.6.1Update" folder.
    3. Put the six NiceTaipei files into your System: Fonts folder.
  • OS 8.5/8.6
    1. Download the files "NewNiceTaipei98.sit.hqx" and "NewNiceTaipeiMono98.sit.hqx".
    2. Download "NewNiceTaipei98_16896_patch.sit.hqx" if you want to replace Apple's Taipei as the Traditional Chinese system font. First run the patch, which changes NewNiceTaipei's ID number to that of Taipei (16896). Then remove Taipei from the System: Fonts folder, and replace it with NewNiceTaipei.

A selection of Traditional Chinese fonts in the Macintosh TrueType format are available for free download at: ftp://ftp.cuhk.hk/pub/chinese/ifcss/software/fonts/big5/mac/ [The fonts have names that begin with "NTU"]

TrueKeys is the only utility that handles double-byte font conversion between the Windows and Macintosh TrueType formats. We recommend using version 3.5 in System 7.5 to OS 8.6. See Applications (OS 9).

Input Methods

Cihui WS is a Pinyin input method application for both Simplified and Traditional Chinese. It allows you to type in whole words or phrases before selecting them from a palette. See Input Methods (OS 9).

Apple's Traditional Chinese Input Method 1.4, extracted from the localized Traditional Chinese System 7.5.3, is available online. It can be used as a replacement for the Traditional Chinese input modes that come with CLK 1.x.

  1. Download the file TCIM1.4.sit.hqx at: http://ftp.nsysu.edu.tw/Mac/lang_sys/
  2. Double-click on the downloaded file (this will decompress it), and open the folder that appears.
  3. Open the "TCIM 1.4" folder and find these four files:
    TCIM files
  4. Put them into your System: Extensions folder. If you are unable to read the Chinese names, use the icons to identify them.
  5. Remove the CLK 1.x input modes (Cangjie, Dayi, Pinyin, Zhuyin) from your System: Extensions folder.

Apple's Advanced Chinese Input Suite (October 1996) works in System 7.5 to OS 9.2. Comprised of three input methods: Chinese Handwriting Kit 1.0, Chinese Dictation Kit 1.5, Cantonese Dictation Kit 1.0. The dictation kits only work on Macs that support 22 khz audio input. For more information, use the WayBack Machine to go to the following URL: http://www.asia.apple.com/datasheets/as/acis.html

Note: USB-equipped Macs do not support 22 khz audio input.

Utilities

Language Register (CLK 2.0 and/or OS 8.1/8.6) forces localized Chinese programs to display menus, dialog boxes, help, etc., in double-byte Chinese rather than single-byte gibberish. Choose the language (script) you want from the pop-up menu, then click "Register." Find the name of the program you want to register, select it, and click "Register." Then click "OK." If you change the name of a program's icon, you will have to language-register it again.

Other useful OS 8 utilities include Chinese Text-to-Speech, Command Space, TomeViewer, and ResEdit.

Hanzi Converter converts plain text files between Traditional Chinese (Big Five) and Simplified Chinese (GB). Originally written for System 6, it still works on System 7 and OS 8. See File > Help... for more information. You can download it at: http://www.tug.org/tex-archive/language/chinese/chtex/ (HC-1.5.hqx)

Applications

Originally written by NeXT, WriteNow is one of the all-time great Mac word processors, fast and small. You can download WriteNow 4.0 here: WriteNow4.sit [1.5 MB download]

WordPerfect version 3.5e ("enhanced") for the Macintosh was discontinued in 1998. It is still available here.

Text Editors include: SimpleText, Edit7, Style, Tex-Edit Plus, and LightWayText.

Fool's Lexicon provides a Big Five/GB interface with CEDICT for System 7.5 and above.

Applications that run on OS 8.1 and above include: AppleWorks, Microsoft Office 2001, and VivaPress.