Telegram from Lithuania about work being done to liquidate Trotskyism.
9 February 1937
The struggle against Trotskyists, especially after the trials started, has been especially accentuated in the press and in general during the whole six-month period. Yet, the issue of the Trotskyists has not been discussed in all the organizations. The explanatory work has also been weak among the non-party members. Our comrades in the factories frequently lacked courage to repulse the Trotskyists’ slander. [The effort to draw] concrete lessons is even worse.
In Kovno, only Geraite has been expelled, and that was done on the sly. Although there is an understanding among party members that the Trotskyists and rotten liberals can not be party members, one notes doubts [among comrades] about how the Trotskyists managed to sink to fascism, and why they confessed at the trial the way they did.
It looks like not everyone has understood clearly enough that the Trotskyists qualify as agents provocateurs and as the agents of the fascist okhranka. We are also emphasizing [the need] to review dubious elements and to unmask the Trotskyist elements which, no doubt, exist among them.
In Shantsy (Kovno workers’ suburb), two party members had earlier defected to the Trotskyists. Wherever we maintain our connections, there is no sympathy toward Trotskyists, although in some places one can sense a lack of firmness toward them. We think that the Kovno [party] organization is not exposing all those places where the Trotskyists are active.
Those expelled from the party are being driven out of the non-party organizations.
In the circles of the Jewish and Lithuanian intelligentsia, there is serious disbelief that the Trotskyists were able to do [what they were accused of] in the Soviet Union, and that they have confessed.
We are pressuring the local [party] organizations to consider the struggle against the Trotskyists not as a short campaign, but as systematic work.
RGASPI, f. 495, op. 184, d. 8. Incoming telegrams for 1937 from Lithuania.
Original in Russian. Typewritten on telegram letterhead. Initialled by Manuilsky, Angaretis and Moskvin.